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Effects of clodronate on cortical and trabecular bone in ovariectomized rats on a low calcium diet

Kaastad, T S; Reikeras, O; Madsen, J E; Narum, S; Stromme, J H; Obrant, Karl LU and Nordsletten, L (1997) In Calcified Tissue International 61(2). p.158-164
Abstract
The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of a low calcium diet to the cortical and trabecular osteoporosis seen in ovariectomized rats after 7 weeks on a low calcium diet and to investigate the effects of the bisphosphonate clodronate on this development of osteoporosis. Thirty-six mature, female Wistar rats were randomized into four groups: Ovx-B (bisphosphonate) and Ovx-C (control) were ovariectomized, and Sham-Ca (low calcium) and Sham+Ca (normal calcium) were sham operated. The first three groups were fed a low calcium diet (0.01%) and Sham+Ca normal rat chow (Ca 1.1%). The Ovx-B received 10 mg/kg s.c. clodronate daily for nine weeks, and Ovx-C, Sham-Ca, and Sham+Ca received the same volumes of saline. Bone mineral... (More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of a low calcium diet to the cortical and trabecular osteoporosis seen in ovariectomized rats after 7 weeks on a low calcium diet and to investigate the effects of the bisphosphonate clodronate on this development of osteoporosis. Thirty-six mature, female Wistar rats were randomized into four groups: Ovx-B (bisphosphonate) and Ovx-C (control) were ovariectomized, and Sham-Ca (low calcium) and Sham+Ca (normal calcium) were sham operated. The first three groups were fed a low calcium diet (0.01%) and Sham+Ca normal rat chow (Ca 1.1%). The Ovx-B received 10 mg/kg s.c. clodronate daily for nine weeks, and Ovx-C, Sham-Ca, and Sham+Ca received the same volumes of saline. Bone mineral turnover measured as 85Sr-uptake was increased in all low calcium groups compared to Sham+Ca. The Sham+Ca femora had higher dry weight and ash weight than the other groups, and Ovx-C had higher dry weight compared with Ovx-B and Sham-Ca. Calcium content was lower in both Ovx groups compared to both Sham groups. Magnesium was lower in all groups compared to Sham+Ca and higher in Ovx-B compared with Ovx-C. In the femoral shaft, Sham+Ca had significantly higher ultimate bending moment, energy absorption, and deflection compared to the other three groups. Ultimate bending moment was higher in Sham-Ca than in Ovx-C. Stiffness was increased in both Sham+Ca and Ovx-B compared to Ovx-C. The maximum stress in the femoral midshaft was higher in Sham+Ca than in the other groups, and higher in Ovx-B than in Ovx-C. Histomorphometry showed increased medullary area in all low calcium groups compared to Sham+Ca and larger cortical area in Sham+Ca and Ovx-B compared to Ovx-C. Compared to Sham+Ca the trabecular bone volume was decreased to 30% in Sham-Ca and to 9% in Ovx-C, but was unchanged in Ovx-B. The low calcium diet generally increased bone mineral turnover and reduced the tibial bone volume. Femoral changes led to a reduction of cortical fracture strength and maximal stress. Ovariectomy in addition to a low calcium diet reduced femoral strength even more. Daily injections of clodronate to ovariectomized rats on a low calcium diet increased femoral shaft stiffness and maximum stress, and clodronate preserved both trabecular and cortical tibial bone volume completely. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Ovariectomy, Low calcium diet, Clodronate, Bone volume, Bone strength
in
Calcified Tissue International
volume
61
issue
2
pages
158 - 164
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • pmid:9236265
  • scopus:0030787065
ISSN
1432-0827
DOI
10.1007/s002239900315
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
20867c7b-b463-4618-b406-62480d071e63 (old id 1111819)
date added to LUP
2008-07-18 13:47:13
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:19:27
@article{20867c7b-b463-4618-b406-62480d071e63,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of a low calcium diet to the cortical and trabecular osteoporosis seen in ovariectomized rats after 7 weeks on a low calcium diet and to investigate the effects of the bisphosphonate clodronate on this development of osteoporosis. Thirty-six mature, female Wistar rats were randomized into four groups: Ovx-B (bisphosphonate) and Ovx-C (control) were ovariectomized, and Sham-Ca (low calcium) and Sham+Ca (normal calcium) were sham operated. The first three groups were fed a low calcium diet (0.01%) and Sham+Ca normal rat chow (Ca 1.1%). The Ovx-B received 10 mg/kg s.c. clodronate daily for nine weeks, and Ovx-C, Sham-Ca, and Sham+Ca received the same volumes of saline. Bone mineral turnover measured as 85Sr-uptake was increased in all low calcium groups compared to Sham+Ca. The Sham+Ca femora had higher dry weight and ash weight than the other groups, and Ovx-C had higher dry weight compared with Ovx-B and Sham-Ca. Calcium content was lower in both Ovx groups compared to both Sham groups. Magnesium was lower in all groups compared to Sham+Ca and higher in Ovx-B compared with Ovx-C. In the femoral shaft, Sham+Ca had significantly higher ultimate bending moment, energy absorption, and deflection compared to the other three groups. Ultimate bending moment was higher in Sham-Ca than in Ovx-C. Stiffness was increased in both Sham+Ca and Ovx-B compared to Ovx-C. The maximum stress in the femoral midshaft was higher in Sham+Ca than in the other groups, and higher in Ovx-B than in Ovx-C. Histomorphometry showed increased medullary area in all low calcium groups compared to Sham+Ca and larger cortical area in Sham+Ca and Ovx-B compared to Ovx-C. Compared to Sham+Ca the trabecular bone volume was decreased to 30% in Sham-Ca and to 9% in Ovx-C, but was unchanged in Ovx-B. The low calcium diet generally increased bone mineral turnover and reduced the tibial bone volume. Femoral changes led to a reduction of cortical fracture strength and maximal stress. Ovariectomy in addition to a low calcium diet reduced femoral strength even more. Daily injections of clodronate to ovariectomized rats on a low calcium diet increased femoral shaft stiffness and maximum stress, and clodronate preserved both trabecular and cortical tibial bone volume completely.},
  author       = {Kaastad, T S and Reikeras, O and Madsen, J E and Narum, S and Stromme, J H and Obrant, Karl and Nordsletten, L},
  issn         = {1432-0827},
  keyword      = {Ovariectomy,Low calcium diet,Clodronate,Bone volume,Bone strength},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {158--164},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Calcified Tissue International},
  title        = {Effects of clodronate on cortical and trabecular bone in ovariectomized rats on a low calcium diet},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002239900315},
  volume       = {61},
  year         = {1997},
}