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Gastrectomy induces impaired insulin and glucagon secretion: evidence for a gastro-insular axis in mice

Salehi, S Albert LU ; Chen, Duan; Håkanson, Rolf LU ; Nordin, Gunnar and Lundquist, Ingmar LU (1999) In Journal of Physiology 514(2). p.579-591
Abstract
1. Mice were subjected to gastrectomy (GX) or food deprivation (24 h). The release of insulin and glucagon in response to different secretagogues was monitored in vivo and in isolated islets 3-4 weeks after surgery. 2. GX animals responded to glucose with an impaired glucose tolerance and a poor increase in plasma insulin. Islets from GX or food-deprived mice displayed impaired insulin release to high glucose and enhanced glucagon release at low glucose. 3. After GX the insulinogenic index, Delta insulin (microU ml-1)/Delta glucose (mg ml-1), was suppressed by 65% after oral glucose and by 59% after i.v. glucose. The integrated insulin response after oral glucose was reduced by 90% in GX mice. After i.v. glucose the reduction was 67%. 4.... (More)
1. Mice were subjected to gastrectomy (GX) or food deprivation (24 h). The release of insulin and glucagon in response to different secretagogues was monitored in vivo and in isolated islets 3-4 weeks after surgery. 2. GX animals responded to glucose with an impaired glucose tolerance and a poor increase in plasma insulin. Islets from GX or food-deprived mice displayed impaired insulin release to high glucose and enhanced glucagon release at low glucose. 3. After GX the insulinogenic index, Delta insulin (microU ml-1)/Delta glucose (mg ml-1), was suppressed by 65% after oral glucose and by 59% after i.v. glucose. The integrated insulin response after oral glucose was reduced by 90% in GX mice. After i.v. glucose the reduction was 67%. 4. Carbachol-induced insulin release in vivo was reduced after food deprivation and exaggerated after GX. Carbachol-stimulated glucagon secretion was suppressed after GX and after food deprivation. A similar pattern was found in vitro. 5. Cyclic AMP activation (by the phosphodiesterase inhibitor isobutylmethylxanthine or the adenylate cyclase stimulator forskolin) induced a greater insulin response in GX or food-deprived mice than in sham-operated, fed mice. A similar pattern was found in vitro. The glucagon response was enhanced in vitro but not in vivo. 6. Crude extracts of rat oxyntic mucosa enhanced basal as well as glucose-induced insulin release from isolated islets, whereas glucagon release was markedly inhibited. The effects were dose dependent, the inhibition of glucagon release being achieved at lower concentrations than the potentiation of glucose-induced insulin release. The active principle was inactivated by incubation with trypsin or leucine aminopeptidase. 7. The data suggest that a circulating agent, probably a peptide, from gastric oxyntic mucosa stimulates glucose-induced insulin secretion. It also suppresses glucagon secretion. The GX-evoked impairment of the insulin (and glucagon) response to glucose is partly compensated for by an enhanced insulin response to cholinergic and/or cyclic AMP activation. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Physiology
volume
514
issue
2
pages
579 - 591
publisher
The Physiological Society
external identifiers
  • pmid:9852337
  • scopus:0033555490
ISSN
1469-7793
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0699cfdd-d726-4ab5-92b0-43095ac00244 (old id 1115446)
alternative location
http://jp.physoc.org/cgi/content/full/514/2/579
date added to LUP
2008-07-08 09:41:02
date last changed
2017-07-30 04:26:06
@article{0699cfdd-d726-4ab5-92b0-43095ac00244,
  abstract     = {1. Mice were subjected to gastrectomy (GX) or food deprivation (24 h). The release of insulin and glucagon in response to different secretagogues was monitored in vivo and in isolated islets 3-4 weeks after surgery. 2. GX animals responded to glucose with an impaired glucose tolerance and a poor increase in plasma insulin. Islets from GX or food-deprived mice displayed impaired insulin release to high glucose and enhanced glucagon release at low glucose. 3. After GX the insulinogenic index, Delta insulin (microU ml-1)/Delta glucose (mg ml-1), was suppressed by 65% after oral glucose and by 59% after i.v. glucose. The integrated insulin response after oral glucose was reduced by 90% in GX mice. After i.v. glucose the reduction was 67%. 4. Carbachol-induced insulin release in vivo was reduced after food deprivation and exaggerated after GX. Carbachol-stimulated glucagon secretion was suppressed after GX and after food deprivation. A similar pattern was found in vitro. 5. Cyclic AMP activation (by the phosphodiesterase inhibitor isobutylmethylxanthine or the adenylate cyclase stimulator forskolin) induced a greater insulin response in GX or food-deprived mice than in sham-operated, fed mice. A similar pattern was found in vitro. The glucagon response was enhanced in vitro but not in vivo. 6. Crude extracts of rat oxyntic mucosa enhanced basal as well as glucose-induced insulin release from isolated islets, whereas glucagon release was markedly inhibited. The effects were dose dependent, the inhibition of glucagon release being achieved at lower concentrations than the potentiation of glucose-induced insulin release. The active principle was inactivated by incubation with trypsin or leucine aminopeptidase. 7. The data suggest that a circulating agent, probably a peptide, from gastric oxyntic mucosa stimulates glucose-induced insulin secretion. It also suppresses glucagon secretion. The GX-evoked impairment of the insulin (and glucagon) response to glucose is partly compensated for by an enhanced insulin response to cholinergic and/or cyclic AMP activation.},
  author       = {Salehi, S Albert and Chen, Duan and Håkanson, Rolf and Nordin, Gunnar and Lundquist, Ingmar},
  issn         = {1469-7793},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {579--591},
  publisher    = {The Physiological Society},
  series       = {Journal of Physiology},
  title        = {Gastrectomy induces impaired insulin and glucagon secretion: evidence for a gastro-insular axis in mice},
  volume       = {514},
  year         = {1999},
}