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Biological monitoring of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone using 5-hydroxy-N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone in plasma and urine as the biomarker

Åkesson, Bengt LU and Jönsson, Bo A LU (2000) In Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health 26(3). p.213-218
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: The aims were to study the toxicokinetics of 5-hydroxy-N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (5-HNMP) in blood and urine after exposure to N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) and to study the suitability of 5-HNMP as a biomarker for assessing NMP exposure. METHODS: Six male volunteers were exposed for 8 hours to NMP concentrations of 0, 10, 25, and 50 mg/m3. Blood and urine were sampled before, during, and up to 40 hours after exposure. Aliquots of urine and plasma were purified, derivatized, and analyzed for 5-HNMP on a gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer in the electron impact mode. RESULTS: The mean plasma concentration [P-(5-HNMP)] after 8-hour NMP exposure to 10, 25, and 50 mg/m3 was 8.0, 19.6, and 44.4 micromol/l, respectively. The mean... (More)
OBJECTIVES: The aims were to study the toxicokinetics of 5-hydroxy-N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (5-HNMP) in blood and urine after exposure to N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) and to study the suitability of 5-HNMP as a biomarker for assessing NMP exposure. METHODS: Six male volunteers were exposed for 8 hours to NMP concentrations of 0, 10, 25, and 50 mg/m3. Blood and urine were sampled before, during, and up to 40 hours after exposure. Aliquots of urine and plasma were purified, derivatized, and analyzed for 5-HNMP on a gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer in the electron impact mode. RESULTS: The mean plasma concentration [P-(5-HNMP)] after 8-hour NMP exposure to 10, 25, and 50 mg/m3 was 8.0, 19.6, and 44.4 micromol/l, respectively. The mean urinary concentration [U-(5-HNMP)] for the 2 last hours of exposure was 17.7, 57.3, and 117.3 mmol/mol creatinine, respectively. The maximal P-(5-HNMP)and U-(5-HNMP) concentrations occurred 1 hour and 0-2 hours, respectively, after the exposure. The half-times of P-(5-HNMP) and U-(5-HNMP) were 6.3 and 7.3 hours, respectively. The 5-HNMP urinary concentrations were 58% of the calculated retained dose. There was a close correlation (r) between P-(5-HNMP) (r=0.98) and U-(5-HNMP) (r=0.97) with NMP exposure. CONCLUSIONS: 5-HNMP is an excellent biomarker for assessing exposure to NMP. Its plasma and urinary half-times (6-7 hours), the minimal risk for contamination during sampling in occupational settings, and the close correlation of P-(5-HNMP) and U-(5-HNMP) with NMP exposure makes 5-HNMP suitable for monitoring exposure to NMP. 5-HNMP in plasma is recommended. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
graffiti remover, paint stripper, reproductive toxicity, skin uptake, solvent
in
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
volume
26
issue
3
pages
213 - 218
publisher
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health
external identifiers
  • pmid:10901113
  • scopus:0343810498
ISSN
0355-3140
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7bdb4dc0-316f-4953-b884-3f3a1825b0fe (old id 1117132)
alternative location
http://www.sjweh.fi/show_abstract.php?abstract_id=534
date added to LUP
2008-07-03 08:20:56
date last changed
2017-10-22 03:33:41
@article{7bdb4dc0-316f-4953-b884-3f3a1825b0fe,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVES: The aims were to study the toxicokinetics of 5-hydroxy-N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (5-HNMP) in blood and urine after exposure to N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) and to study the suitability of 5-HNMP as a biomarker for assessing NMP exposure. METHODS: Six male volunteers were exposed for 8 hours to NMP concentrations of 0, 10, 25, and 50 mg/m3. Blood and urine were sampled before, during, and up to 40 hours after exposure. Aliquots of urine and plasma were purified, derivatized, and analyzed for 5-HNMP on a gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer in the electron impact mode. RESULTS: The mean plasma concentration [P-(5-HNMP)] after 8-hour NMP exposure to 10, 25, and 50 mg/m3 was 8.0, 19.6, and 44.4 micromol/l, respectively. The mean urinary concentration [U-(5-HNMP)] for the 2 last hours of exposure was 17.7, 57.3, and 117.3 mmol/mol creatinine, respectively. The maximal P-(5-HNMP)and U-(5-HNMP) concentrations occurred 1 hour and 0-2 hours, respectively, after the exposure. The half-times of P-(5-HNMP) and U-(5-HNMP) were 6.3 and 7.3 hours, respectively. The 5-HNMP urinary concentrations were 58% of the calculated retained dose. There was a close correlation (r) between P-(5-HNMP) (r=0.98) and U-(5-HNMP) (r=0.97) with NMP exposure. CONCLUSIONS: 5-HNMP is an excellent biomarker for assessing exposure to NMP. Its plasma and urinary half-times (6-7 hours), the minimal risk for contamination during sampling in occupational settings, and the close correlation of P-(5-HNMP) and U-(5-HNMP) with NMP exposure makes 5-HNMP suitable for monitoring exposure to NMP. 5-HNMP in plasma is recommended.},
  author       = {Åkesson, Bengt and Jönsson, Bo A},
  issn         = {0355-3140},
  keyword      = {graffiti remover,paint stripper,reproductive toxicity,skin uptake,solvent},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {213--218},
  publisher    = {Finnish Institute of Occupational Health},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health},
  title        = {Biological monitoring of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone using 5-hydroxy-N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone in plasma and urine as the biomarker},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2000},
}