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The stable pyrimidines UDPbetaS and UTPgammaS discriminate between the P2 receptors that mediate vascular contraction and relaxation of the rat mesenteric artery

Malmsjö, Malin LU ; Adner, Mikael LU ; Harden, T K; Pendergast, W; Edvinsson, Lars LU and Erlinge, David LU (2000) In British Journal of Pharmacology 131(1). p.51-56
Abstract
The contractile and relaxant effects of the different P2 receptors were characterized in the rat isolated mesenteric artery by use of extracellular nucleotides, including the stable pyrimidines uridine 5'-O-thiodiphosphate (UDPbetaS) and uridine 5'-O-3-thiotriphosphate (UTPgammaS). The selective P2X receptor agonist, alphabeta-methylene-adenosine triphosphate (alphabeta-MeATP) stimulated a potent (pEC(50)=6.0) but relatively weak contraction (E:(max)=57% of 60 mM K(+)). The contractile concentration-response curve of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) was biphasic when added in single concentrations. The first part of the response could be desensitized by alphabeta-MeATP, indicating involvement of P2X receptors, while the second part might be... (More)
The contractile and relaxant effects of the different P2 receptors were characterized in the rat isolated mesenteric artery by use of extracellular nucleotides, including the stable pyrimidines uridine 5'-O-thiodiphosphate (UDPbetaS) and uridine 5'-O-3-thiotriphosphate (UTPgammaS). The selective P2X receptor agonist, alphabeta-methylene-adenosine triphosphate (alphabeta-MeATP) stimulated a potent (pEC(50)=6.0) but relatively weak contraction (E:(max)=57% of 60 mM K(+)). The contractile concentration-response curve of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) was biphasic when added in single concentrations. The first part of the response could be desensitized by alphabeta-MeATP, indicating involvement of P2X receptors, while the second part might be mediated by P2Y receptors. The contractile P2Y receptors were further characterized after P2X receptor desensitization with 10 microM alphabeta-MeATP. Uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine triphosphate (UTP) and ATP stimulated contraction only in high concentrations (1 - 10 mM). The selective P2Y(6) agonist, UDPbetaS, and the P2Y(2)/P2Y(4)-receptor agonists UTPgammaS and adenosine 5'-O-3-thiotriphosphate (ATPgammaS) were considerably more potent and efficacious (E:(max) approximately 250% of 60 mM K(+)). Adenosine 5'-O-thiodiphosphate (ADPbetaS) was inactive, excluding contractile P2Y(1) receptors. After precontraction with 1 microM noradrenaline, UTP, ADP and ATP induced relaxations with similar potencies (pEC(50) approximately 5.0). UTPgammaS, ADPbetaS and ATPgammaS were approximately one log unit more potent indicating the presence of endothelial P2Y(1) and P2Y(2)/P2Y(4) receptors. The P2Y(6) receptor agonist, UDPbetaS, had no effect. UDPbetaS and UTPgammaS are useful tools when studying P2 receptors in tissue preparations with ectonucleotidase activity. Contractile responses can be elicited by stimulation of P2Y(6) and, slightly less potently, P2Y(2)/P2Y(4) receptors. The P2X response was relatively weak, and there was no P2Y(1) response. Stimulation of P2Y(1) and P2Y(2)/P2Y(4) receptors elicited relaxation, while P2Y(6) did not contribute. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Vascular reactivity, vasocontraction, vasorelaxation, purine, pyrimidine, P2 receptors, UDPbetaS, UTPgammaS
in
British Journal of Pharmacology
volume
131
issue
1
pages
51 - 56
publisher
The British Pharmacological Society
external identifiers
  • pmid:10960068
ISSN
1476-5381
DOI
10.1038/sj.bjp.0703536
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a00a7889-6fa8-45b2-90e5-8f4dfd9026c4 (old id 1117299)
date added to LUP
2008-07-03 10:29:40
date last changed
2016-04-16 05:16:03
@article{a00a7889-6fa8-45b2-90e5-8f4dfd9026c4,
  abstract     = {The contractile and relaxant effects of the different P2 receptors were characterized in the rat isolated mesenteric artery by use of extracellular nucleotides, including the stable pyrimidines uridine 5'-O-thiodiphosphate (UDPbetaS) and uridine 5'-O-3-thiotriphosphate (UTPgammaS). The selective P2X receptor agonist, alphabeta-methylene-adenosine triphosphate (alphabeta-MeATP) stimulated a potent (pEC(50)=6.0) but relatively weak contraction (E:(max)=57% of 60 mM K(+)). The contractile concentration-response curve of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) was biphasic when added in single concentrations. The first part of the response could be desensitized by alphabeta-MeATP, indicating involvement of P2X receptors, while the second part might be mediated by P2Y receptors. The contractile P2Y receptors were further characterized after P2X receptor desensitization with 10 microM alphabeta-MeATP. Uridine diphosphate (UDP), uridine triphosphate (UTP) and ATP stimulated contraction only in high concentrations (1 - 10 mM). The selective P2Y(6) agonist, UDPbetaS, and the P2Y(2)/P2Y(4)-receptor agonists UTPgammaS and adenosine 5'-O-3-thiotriphosphate (ATPgammaS) were considerably more potent and efficacious (E:(max) approximately 250% of 60 mM K(+)). Adenosine 5'-O-thiodiphosphate (ADPbetaS) was inactive, excluding contractile P2Y(1) receptors. After precontraction with 1 microM noradrenaline, UTP, ADP and ATP induced relaxations with similar potencies (pEC(50) approximately 5.0). UTPgammaS, ADPbetaS and ATPgammaS were approximately one log unit more potent indicating the presence of endothelial P2Y(1) and P2Y(2)/P2Y(4) receptors. The P2Y(6) receptor agonist, UDPbetaS, had no effect. UDPbetaS and UTPgammaS are useful tools when studying P2 receptors in tissue preparations with ectonucleotidase activity. Contractile responses can be elicited by stimulation of P2Y(6) and, slightly less potently, P2Y(2)/P2Y(4) receptors. The P2X response was relatively weak, and there was no P2Y(1) response. Stimulation of P2Y(1) and P2Y(2)/P2Y(4) receptors elicited relaxation, while P2Y(6) did not contribute.},
  author       = {Malmsjö, Malin and Adner, Mikael and Harden, T K and Pendergast, W and Edvinsson, Lars and Erlinge, David},
  issn         = {1476-5381},
  keyword      = {Vascular reactivity,vasocontraction,vasorelaxation,purine,pyrimidine,P2 receptors,UDPbetaS,UTPgammaS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {51--56},
  publisher    = {The British Pharmacological Society},
  series       = {British Journal of Pharmacology},
  title        = {The stable pyrimidines UDPbetaS and UTPgammaS discriminate between the P2 receptors that mediate vascular contraction and relaxation of the rat mesenteric artery},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjp.0703536},
  volume       = {131},
  year         = {2000},
}