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Early prediction of outcome with aEEG in preterm infants with large intraventricular hemorrhages

Hellström-Westas, Lena LU ; Klette, H; Thorngren-Jerneck, Kristina LU and Rosén, Ingmar LU (2001) In Neuropediatrics 32(6). p.319-324
Abstract
BACKGROUND: The electrocortical background contains prognostic information in full-term asphyxiated newborn infants already during the first postnatal hours. In preterm infants with intra-ventricular hemorrhages (IVH) the background activity in EEG and amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) is depressed during the first days of life, and the extent of the depression correlates with the degree of IVH. However, it has not been previously evaluated whether very early aEEG can predict later outcome also in pre-term infants. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if early prediction of outcome is possible from aEEG in preterm infants with large IVH. METHODS: aEEG recordings from the first postnatal week were investigated in 64 preterm infants with IVH grade III -... (More)
BACKGROUND: The electrocortical background contains prognostic information in full-term asphyxiated newborn infants already during the first postnatal hours. In preterm infants with intra-ventricular hemorrhages (IVH) the background activity in EEG and amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) is depressed during the first days of life, and the extent of the depression correlates with the degree of IVH. However, it has not been previously evaluated whether very early aEEG can predict later outcome also in pre-term infants. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if early prediction of outcome is possible from aEEG in preterm infants with large IVH. METHODS: aEEG recordings from the first postnatal week were investigated in 64 preterm infants with IVH grade III - IV. For every 24-hour period the aEEG background pattern was classified, and the maximum and minimum numbers of bursts/h, respectively,were counted. Outcome was divided into three categories: died (n = 36), survived (n = 28) with "poor" outcome, i.e., severe cerebral palsy and not able to walk and/or mental retardation (n = 8), and survived with "fair" outcome, i.e., healthy or mild cerebral palsy (n = 19). One surviving child was lost in the follow-up. RESULTS: There were significant differences in maximum bursts/h (MaxB) at 0-24 hours (p = 0.033), 24-48 hours (p = 0.011), 48-72 hours (p=0.049) and 72-96 hours (p=0.032), respectively, between the infants who died and the surviving infants. At 24-48 hours the median (range) MaxB in the surviving infants with "fair" outcome was 156 (103-179) versus 102 (73-156) in the surviving infants with "poor" outcome (p = 0.002). With the assumption that MaxB < 130 was predictive of death or survival with "poor" outcome, 68 % and 78% of infants were correctly predicted at 0-24 hours and 24-48 hours, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that outcome may be predicted with aEEG already during the first days of life in preterm infants with large IVH. The findings should be confirmed in prospective studies since they may have clinical implications if specific medical interventions become available. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Neuropediatrics
volume
32
issue
6
pages
319 - 324
publisher
Georg Thieme Verlag
external identifiers
  • pmid:11870588
  • wos:000174095400008
  • scopus:0035717338
ISSN
0174-304X
DOI
10.1055/s-2001-20408
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4557fbdb-d24b-4632-b90a-688aef9e1be7 (old id 1119926)
date added to LUP
2008-06-30 13:31:30
date last changed
2018-07-22 03:53:39
@article{4557fbdb-d24b-4632-b90a-688aef9e1be7,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: The electrocortical background contains prognostic information in full-term asphyxiated newborn infants already during the first postnatal hours. In preterm infants with intra-ventricular hemorrhages (IVH) the background activity in EEG and amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) is depressed during the first days of life, and the extent of the depression correlates with the degree of IVH. However, it has not been previously evaluated whether very early aEEG can predict later outcome also in pre-term infants. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if early prediction of outcome is possible from aEEG in preterm infants with large IVH. METHODS: aEEG recordings from the first postnatal week were investigated in 64 preterm infants with IVH grade III - IV. For every 24-hour period the aEEG background pattern was classified, and the maximum and minimum numbers of bursts/h, respectively,were counted. Outcome was divided into three categories: died (n = 36), survived (n = 28) with "poor" outcome, i.e., severe cerebral palsy and not able to walk and/or mental retardation (n = 8), and survived with "fair" outcome, i.e., healthy or mild cerebral palsy (n = 19). One surviving child was lost in the follow-up. RESULTS: There were significant differences in maximum bursts/h (MaxB) at 0-24 hours (p = 0.033), 24-48 hours (p = 0.011), 48-72 hours (p=0.049) and 72-96 hours (p=0.032), respectively, between the infants who died and the surviving infants. At 24-48 hours the median (range) MaxB in the surviving infants with "fair" outcome was 156 (103-179) versus 102 (73-156) in the surviving infants with "poor" outcome (p = 0.002). With the assumption that MaxB &lt; 130 was predictive of death or survival with "poor" outcome, 68 % and 78% of infants were correctly predicted at 0-24 hours and 24-48 hours, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that outcome may be predicted with aEEG already during the first days of life in preterm infants with large IVH. The findings should be confirmed in prospective studies since they may have clinical implications if specific medical interventions become available.},
  author       = {Hellström-Westas, Lena and Klette, H and Thorngren-Jerneck, Kristina and Rosén, Ingmar},
  issn         = {0174-304X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {319--324},
  publisher    = {Georg Thieme Verlag},
  series       = {Neuropediatrics},
  title        = {Early prediction of outcome with aEEG in preterm infants with large intraventricular hemorrhages},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2001-20408},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2001},
}