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Short rotation coppice for revaluation of contaminated land

Vandenhove, H.; Thiry, Y.; Gommers, A.; Goor, F.; Gossart, J.M.; Holm, Elis LU ; Gäfvert, Torbjörn LU ; Roed, J.; Grebenkov, A. and Timofeyev, S. (2001) In Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 56(1-2). p.157-184
Abstract
When dealing with large-scale environmental contamination, as following the Chernobyl accident, changed land use such that the products of the land are radiologically acceptable and sustain an economic return from the land is a potentially sustainable remediation option. In this paper, willow short rotation coppice (SRC) is evaluated on radiological, technical and economic grounds for W. European and Belarus site conditions. Radiocaesium uptake was studied in a newly established and existing SRC. Only for light-texture soils with low soil potassium should cultivation be restricted to soils with contamination levels below 100 370 kBq m(-2) given the TFs on these soils (5 x 10(-4) and 2 x 10(-3) m(2) kg(-1)) and considering the Belarus... (More)
When dealing with large-scale environmental contamination, as following the Chernobyl accident, changed land use such that the products of the land are radiologically acceptable and sustain an economic return from the land is a potentially sustainable remediation option. In this paper, willow short rotation coppice (SRC) is evaluated on radiological, technical and economic grounds for W. European and Belarus site conditions. Radiocaesium uptake was studied in a newly established and existing SRC. Only for light-texture soils with low soil potassium should cultivation be restricted to soils with contamination levels below 100 370 kBq m(-2) given the TFs on these soils (5 x 10(-4) and 2 x 10(-3) m(2) kg(-1)) and considering the Belarus exemption limit for firewood (740 Bq kg(-1)). In the case of high wood contamination levels ( > 1000 Bq kg(-1)). power plant personnel working in the vicinity of ash conveyers should be subjected to radiation protection measures. For appropriate soil conditions, potential SRC yields are high. In Belarus, most soils are sandy with a low water retention, for which yield estimates are too low to make production profitable without irrigation. The economic viability should be thoroughly calculated for the prevailing conditions. In W. Europe, SRC production or conversion is not profitable without price incentives. For Belarus, the profitability of SRC on the production side largely depends on crop yield and price of the delivered bio-fuel. Large-scale heat conversion systems seem the most profitable and revenue may be considerable. Electricity routes are usually unprofitable. It could be concluded that energy production from SRC is potentially a radiologically and economically sustainable land use option for contaminated agricultural land. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Short rotation coppice, Contamination, Chernobyl, Remediation, Willow
in
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
volume
56
issue
1-2
pages
157 - 184
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000169509300010
  • scopus:0034987381
ISSN
1879-1700
DOI
10.1016/S0265-931X(01)00052-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ce0e12eb-18e3-47ba-93b1-8420ff1340e6 (old id 1122628)
date added to LUP
2008-07-17 09:24:33
date last changed
2018-01-07 06:06:44
@article{ce0e12eb-18e3-47ba-93b1-8420ff1340e6,
  abstract     = {When dealing with large-scale environmental contamination, as following the Chernobyl accident, changed land use such that the products of the land are radiologically acceptable and sustain an economic return from the land is a potentially sustainable remediation option. In this paper, willow short rotation coppice (SRC) is evaluated on radiological, technical and economic grounds for W. European and Belarus site conditions. Radiocaesium uptake was studied in a newly established and existing SRC. Only for light-texture soils with low soil potassium should cultivation be restricted to soils with contamination levels below 100 370 kBq m(-2) given the TFs on these soils (5 x 10(-4) and 2 x 10(-3) m(2) kg(-1)) and considering the Belarus exemption limit for firewood (740 Bq kg(-1)). In the case of high wood contamination levels ( > 1000 Bq kg(-1)). power plant personnel working in the vicinity of ash conveyers should be subjected to radiation protection measures. For appropriate soil conditions, potential SRC yields are high. In Belarus, most soils are sandy with a low water retention, for which yield estimates are too low to make production profitable without irrigation. The economic viability should be thoroughly calculated for the prevailing conditions. In W. Europe, SRC production or conversion is not profitable without price incentives. For Belarus, the profitability of SRC on the production side largely depends on crop yield and price of the delivered bio-fuel. Large-scale heat conversion systems seem the most profitable and revenue may be considerable. Electricity routes are usually unprofitable. It could be concluded that energy production from SRC is potentially a radiologically and economically sustainable land use option for contaminated agricultural land.},
  author       = {Vandenhove, H. and Thiry, Y. and Gommers, A. and Goor, F. and Gossart, J.M. and Holm, Elis and Gäfvert, Torbjörn and Roed, J. and Grebenkov, A. and Timofeyev, S.},
  issn         = {1879-1700},
  keyword      = {Short rotation coppice,Contamination,Chernobyl,Remediation,Willow},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {157--184},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Environmental Radioactivity},
  title        = {Short rotation coppice for revaluation of contaminated land},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0265-931X(01)00052-2},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2001},
}