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The childhood-onset neuropsychiatric background to adulthood psychopathic traits and personality disorders

Anckarsäter, Henrik LU ; Nilsson, Thomas LU ; Sjodin, Anna-Kari; Carlstedt, Anita and Forsman, Anders (2005) In Comprehensive Psychiatry 46(2). p.111-116
Abstract
Childhood conduct disorder (CD) and adult psychopathic traits according to the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R) were the closest psychiatric covariates to repeated violent crimes and aggression among offenders under forensic psychiatric investigation in Sweden. As psychopathy is not included in the present psychiatric diagnostic systems, we compared total and factor PCL-R scores to Axis I disorders, including childhood-onset neuropsychiatric disorders, and to Axis II personality disorders, to establish the convergence of psychopathic traits with other psychiatric diagnoses, and to identify possible unique features. Psychopathic traits were positively correlated with bipolar mood disorder and negatively with unipolar depression. The... (More)
Childhood conduct disorder (CD) and adult psychopathic traits according to the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R) were the closest psychiatric covariates to repeated violent crimes and aggression among offenders under forensic psychiatric investigation in Sweden. As psychopathy is not included in the present psychiatric diagnostic systems, we compared total and factor PCL-R scores to Axis I disorders, including childhood-onset neuropsychiatric disorders, and to Axis II personality disorders, to establish the convergence of psychopathic traits with other psychiatric diagnoses, and to identify possible unique features. Psychopathic traits were positively correlated with bipolar mood disorder and negatively with unipolar depression. The total PCL-R scores as well as the Factor 2 (unemotionality) and Factor 3 (behavioral dyscontrol) scores were significantly correlated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Asperger's syndrome/high-functioning autistic traits, CD, substance abuse, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Cluster B personality disorders. The interpersonal Factor 1 showed none of these correlations and may capture features that are specific to psychopathy, distinguishing core psychopathy from other diagnostic definitions. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Comprehensive Psychiatry
volume
46
issue
2
pages
111 - 116
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:15723027
  • scopus:13844276571
ISSN
0010-440X
DOI
10.1016/j.comppsych.2004.07.030
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4ee6c186-43a0-496d-973b-a715c3c7c203 (old id 1132530)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15723027
http://www.sciencedirect.com.ludwig.lub.lu.se/science/article/pii/S0010440X0400118X
date added to LUP
2013-10-16 15:11:03
date last changed
2017-07-09 04:29:28
@article{4ee6c186-43a0-496d-973b-a715c3c7c203,
  abstract     = {Childhood conduct disorder (CD) and adult psychopathic traits according to the Psychopathy Checklist Revised (PCL-R) were the closest psychiatric covariates to repeated violent crimes and aggression among offenders under forensic psychiatric investigation in Sweden. As psychopathy is not included in the present psychiatric diagnostic systems, we compared total and factor PCL-R scores to Axis I disorders, including childhood-onset neuropsychiatric disorders, and to Axis II personality disorders, to establish the convergence of psychopathic traits with other psychiatric diagnoses, and to identify possible unique features. Psychopathic traits were positively correlated with bipolar mood disorder and negatively with unipolar depression. The total PCL-R scores as well as the Factor 2 (unemotionality) and Factor 3 (behavioral dyscontrol) scores were significantly correlated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Asperger's syndrome/high-functioning autistic traits, CD, substance abuse, and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Cluster B personality disorders. The interpersonal Factor 1 showed none of these correlations and may capture features that are specific to psychopathy, distinguishing core psychopathy from other diagnostic definitions.},
  author       = {Anckarsäter, Henrik and Nilsson, Thomas and Sjodin, Anna-Kari and Carlstedt, Anita and Forsman, Anders},
  issn         = {0010-440X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {111--116},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Comprehensive Psychiatry},
  title        = {The childhood-onset neuropsychiatric background to adulthood psychopathic traits and personality disorders},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2004.07.030},
  volume       = {46},
  year         = {2005},
}