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Reduced neuronal injury after treatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) or 2-sulfo-phenyl-N-tert-butyl nitrone (S-PBN) following experimental brain contusion

Gahm, Caroline; Danilov, Alexandre LU ; Holmin, Staffan; Wiklund, Peter N; Brundin, Lou and Mathiesen, Tiit (2005) In Neurosurgery 57(6). p.1272-1281
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Nitric oxide (NO) and oxygen free radicals are implicated in the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Peroxynitrite formation from NO and superoxide contributes to secondary neuronal injury but the neuroprotective effects of nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-inhibitors have been contradictory. This study was undertaken to examine whether PTtic administration of the (NOS)-inhibitor N-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), and a combination of L-NAME and the nitrone radical scavenger 2-sulfo-phenyl-N-tert-butyl nitrone (S-PBN) favorable affects neuronal injury in a model of TBI. METHODS: A weight-drop model of TBI was used. The animals received L-NAME, S-PBN or a combination of the drugs 15 minutes prothrombin time (PT) and... (More)
OBJECTIVE: Nitric oxide (NO) and oxygen free radicals are implicated in the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Peroxynitrite formation from NO and superoxide contributes to secondary neuronal injury but the neuroprotective effects of nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-inhibitors have been contradictory. This study was undertaken to examine whether PTtic administration of the (NOS)-inhibitor N-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), and a combination of L-NAME and the nitrone radical scavenger 2-sulfo-phenyl-N-tert-butyl nitrone (S-PBN) favorable affects neuronal injury in a model of TBI. METHODS: A weight-drop model of TBI was used. The animals received L-NAME, S-PBN or a combination of the drugs 15 minutes prothrombin time (PT) and sacrificed after 24 hours or six days. NOS activity was measured by the conversion of L-[U-C]arginine to L-[U-C]citrulline. Peroxynitrite formation, cellular apoptosis, neuronal degeneration and survival were assessed by nitrotyrosine-, TUNEL-, Fluoro-Jade- and NeuN-stainings. RESULTS: eNOS and nNOS activity was significantly reduced in animals that received L-NAME alone or the combination with S-PBN. iNOS activity or iNOS immunoreactivity was not affected. All treatments significantly reduced neuronal degeneration and nitrotyrosine immunoreactivity at 24 hours and increased neuronal survival at six days PT. No differences were detected between L-NAME and L-NAME + S-PBN groups. CONCLUSION: NO from NOS contributes to secondary neuronal injury in this TBI-model. PTtic treatment does not inhibit early beneficial NO-related effects. L-NAME and S-PBN limit peroxynitrite formation, promoting neuronal survival. The combination of L-NAME and S-PBN was neuroprotective; surprisingly no additive effects were found on nitrotyrosine formation, apoptosis or neuronal survival. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Neurosurgery
volume
57
issue
6
pages
1272 - 1281
publisher
Congress of Neurological Surgeons
external identifiers
  • pmid:16331176
ISSN
0148-396X
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
51ef7c3b-e222-4c75-b19a-3ebc9aae4db6 (old id 1134272)
alternative location
http://www.neurosurgery-online.com/pt/re/neurosurg/abstract.00006123-200512000-00024.htm;jsessionid=LY6FRnFQGMdJhvkMHWLwnnZfxnnBRmnhxpyC2kWBMQ2FLyzlbWnX!-642914462!181195628!8091!-1
date added to LUP
2008-06-18 09:37:09
date last changed
2016-04-16 03:57:30
@article{51ef7c3b-e222-4c75-b19a-3ebc9aae4db6,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: Nitric oxide (NO) and oxygen free radicals are implicated in the pathophysiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Peroxynitrite formation from NO and superoxide contributes to secondary neuronal injury but the neuroprotective effects of nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-inhibitors have been contradictory. This study was undertaken to examine whether PTtic administration of the (NOS)-inhibitor N-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), and a combination of L-NAME and the nitrone radical scavenger 2-sulfo-phenyl-N-tert-butyl nitrone (S-PBN) favorable affects neuronal injury in a model of TBI. METHODS: A weight-drop model of TBI was used. The animals received L-NAME, S-PBN or a combination of the drugs 15 minutes prothrombin time (PT) and sacrificed after 24 hours or six days. NOS activity was measured by the conversion of L-[U-C]arginine to L-[U-C]citrulline. Peroxynitrite formation, cellular apoptosis, neuronal degeneration and survival were assessed by nitrotyrosine-, TUNEL-, Fluoro-Jade- and NeuN-stainings. RESULTS: eNOS and nNOS activity was significantly reduced in animals that received L-NAME alone or the combination with S-PBN. iNOS activity or iNOS immunoreactivity was not affected. All treatments significantly reduced neuronal degeneration and nitrotyrosine immunoreactivity at 24 hours and increased neuronal survival at six days PT. No differences were detected between L-NAME and L-NAME + S-PBN groups. CONCLUSION: NO from NOS contributes to secondary neuronal injury in this TBI-model. PTtic treatment does not inhibit early beneficial NO-related effects. L-NAME and S-PBN limit peroxynitrite formation, promoting neuronal survival. The combination of L-NAME and S-PBN was neuroprotective; surprisingly no additive effects were found on nitrotyrosine formation, apoptosis or neuronal survival.},
  author       = {Gahm, Caroline and Danilov, Alexandre and Holmin, Staffan and Wiklund, Peter N and Brundin, Lou and Mathiesen, Tiit},
  issn         = {0148-396X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1272--1281},
  publisher    = {Congress of Neurological Surgeons},
  series       = {Neurosurgery},
  title        = {Reduced neuronal injury after treatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) or 2-sulfo-phenyl-N-tert-butyl nitrone (S-PBN) following experimental brain contusion},
  volume       = {57},
  year         = {2005},
}