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Autism spectrum disorders in institutionalized subjects.

Anckarsäter, Henrik LU ; Nilsson, Thomas; Saury, Jean-Michel; Råstam, Maria LU and Gillberg, Christopher (2008) In Nordic Journal of Psychiatry 62(2). p.160-167
Abstract
What do we know about the prevalence and the specific features of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) among subjects in forensic psychiatry and special youth centres? A clinical case series consisting of 42 subjects with ASD, recruited from three well-characterized populations in forensic psychiatry and special youth care, was used to determine: 1) the prevalence of ASD in these institutions (at least 13%), 2) the distribution of diagnostic criteria in this special population (mostly social interaction and communication problems, few or atypical flexibility problems), 3) the degree of comorbidity (the rule rather than the exception), 4) neuropsychological test profiles (lowered IQ with uneven profiles), 5) types of crimes and offences (very... (More)
What do we know about the prevalence and the specific features of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) among subjects in forensic psychiatry and special youth centres? A clinical case series consisting of 42 subjects with ASD, recruited from three well-characterized populations in forensic psychiatry and special youth care, was used to determine: 1) the prevalence of ASD in these institutions (at least 13%), 2) the distribution of diagnostic criteria in this special population (mostly social interaction and communication problems, few or atypical flexibility problems), 3) the degree of comorbidity (the rule rather than the exception), 4) neuropsychological test profiles (lowered IQ with uneven profiles), 5) types of crimes and offences (very heterogeneous, often stress-related with dissociated features), 6) mental health care needs (high), and 7) special clinical features (especially expressions of flexibility deficits in non-classical areas and proneness to dissociation). This descriptive study indicates that ASD is a clinically relevant problem among forensic populations that has to be considered in diagnostics, assessments of needs and treatment planning. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
volume
62
issue
2
pages
160 - 167
publisher
Informa Healthcare
external identifiers
  • wos:000257070300011
  • pmid:18569781
  • scopus:46749134323
ISSN
1502-4725
DOI
10.1080/08039480801957269
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
68867014-1c54-4318-98a7-a9e4b243aef8 (old id 1168589)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18569781?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2008-07-02 14:13:34
date last changed
2017-09-17 08:18:17
@article{68867014-1c54-4318-98a7-a9e4b243aef8,
  abstract     = {What do we know about the prevalence and the specific features of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) among subjects in forensic psychiatry and special youth centres? A clinical case series consisting of 42 subjects with ASD, recruited from three well-characterized populations in forensic psychiatry and special youth care, was used to determine: 1) the prevalence of ASD in these institutions (at least 13%), 2) the distribution of diagnostic criteria in this special population (mostly social interaction and communication problems, few or atypical flexibility problems), 3) the degree of comorbidity (the rule rather than the exception), 4) neuropsychological test profiles (lowered IQ with uneven profiles), 5) types of crimes and offences (very heterogeneous, often stress-related with dissociated features), 6) mental health care needs (high), and 7) special clinical features (especially expressions of flexibility deficits in non-classical areas and proneness to dissociation). This descriptive study indicates that ASD is a clinically relevant problem among forensic populations that has to be considered in diagnostics, assessments of needs and treatment planning.},
  author       = {Anckarsäter, Henrik and Nilsson, Thomas and Saury, Jean-Michel and Råstam, Maria and Gillberg, Christopher},
  issn         = {1502-4725},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {160--167},
  publisher    = {Informa Healthcare},
  series       = {Nordic Journal of Psychiatry},
  title        = {Autism spectrum disorders in institutionalized subjects.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08039480801957269},
  volume       = {62},
  year         = {2008},
}