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Formation and transformation of five different phases in the CaSO4-H2O system: Crystal structure of the subhydrate beta-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O and soluble anhydrite CaSO4

Norlund Christensen, Axel; Olesen, Maja; Cerenius, Yngve LU and Jensen, Torben R (2008) In Chemistry of Materials 20(6). p.2124-2132
Abstract
At least five crystalline-phases can be found in the CaSO4-H2O system, which are gypsum CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O, the subhydrates alpha- and beta-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O, and the soluble and insoluble anhydrite CaSO4. The formation of these five phases in the CaSO4-H2O system and their transformations were investigated by in situ time-resolved synchrotron radiation powder X-ray diffraction (SR-PXD) in this study. Furthermore, revised structural models for beta-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O and soluble anhydrite CaSO4 are presented. The hydration of alpha-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O was studied at 25 degrees C and showed that the reaction with H2O started immediately after mixing the two reactants and that the formation of CaSO4 center dot... (More)
At least five crystalline-phases can be found in the CaSO4-H2O system, which are gypsum CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O, the subhydrates alpha- and beta-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O, and the soluble and insoluble anhydrite CaSO4. The formation of these five phases in the CaSO4-H2O system and their transformations were investigated by in situ time-resolved synchrotron radiation powder X-ray diffraction (SR-PXD) in this study. Furthermore, revised structural models for beta-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O and soluble anhydrite CaSO4 are presented. The hydration of alpha-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O was studied at 25 degrees C and showed that the reaction with H2O started immediately after mixing the two reactants and that the formation of CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O was coupled to the depletion of alpha-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O. The thermal decomposition of CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O was investigated in the temperature range of 25-500 degrees C and showed the fon-nation of alpha-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O followed by the formation of soluble anhydrite AIII-CaSO4, which was gradually converted to insoluble anhydrite AII-CaSO4. The thermal decomposition of alpha-CaSO4 center dot 0.5D(2)O was investigated in the temperature range of 25-500 degrees C and showed successive phase transformations to beta-CaSO4 center dot 0.5D(2)O, soluble anhydrite AIII-CaSO4, and insoluble anhydrite AII-CaS04. The two polymorphs of anhydrite coexist in the investigated temperature range of 200-500 degrees C. The hydrothermal decomposition of CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O was investigated in the temperature range of 25-200 degrees C using a 1 M HNO3 or a 1 M LiCl solution, and in both experiments, CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O was converted to alpha-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O and further to insoluble anhydrite AII-CaSO4. A structural model for beta-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O is proposed on the basis of SR-PXD data and a trigonal unit cell (in hexagonal setting) a = 6.93145(3), c = 12.736 17(4) angstrom, Z = 6, and space group P3(1). A structural model for soluble anhydrite AIII-CaSO4 is also proposed on the basis of powder neutron diffraction data, and a hexagonal unit cell parameters are a = 6.9687(1), c = 6.3004(1) angstrom, Z = 3, and space group P6(2)22. (Less)
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Chemistry of Materials
volume
20
issue
6
pages
2124 - 2132
publisher
The American Chemical Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000254128800015
  • scopus:41749120978
ISSN
0897-4756
DOI
10.1021/cm7027542
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ea7dce38-065c-4b8e-addb-51bd6f51ff45 (old id 1185111)
date added to LUP
2008-09-02 15:51:14
date last changed
2017-08-13 03:35:37
@article{ea7dce38-065c-4b8e-addb-51bd6f51ff45,
  abstract     = {At least five crystalline-phases can be found in the CaSO4-H2O system, which are gypsum CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O, the subhydrates alpha- and beta-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O, and the soluble and insoluble anhydrite CaSO4. The formation of these five phases in the CaSO4-H2O system and their transformations were investigated by in situ time-resolved synchrotron radiation powder X-ray diffraction (SR-PXD) in this study. Furthermore, revised structural models for beta-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O and soluble anhydrite CaSO4 are presented. The hydration of alpha-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O was studied at 25 degrees C and showed that the reaction with H2O started immediately after mixing the two reactants and that the formation of CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O was coupled to the depletion of alpha-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O. The thermal decomposition of CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O was investigated in the temperature range of 25-500 degrees C and showed the fon-nation of alpha-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O followed by the formation of soluble anhydrite AIII-CaSO4, which was gradually converted to insoluble anhydrite AII-CaSO4. The thermal decomposition of alpha-CaSO4 center dot 0.5D(2)O was investigated in the temperature range of 25-500 degrees C and showed successive phase transformations to beta-CaSO4 center dot 0.5D(2)O, soluble anhydrite AIII-CaSO4, and insoluble anhydrite AII-CaS04. The two polymorphs of anhydrite coexist in the investigated temperature range of 200-500 degrees C. The hydrothermal decomposition of CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O was investigated in the temperature range of 25-200 degrees C using a 1 M HNO3 or a 1 M LiCl solution, and in both experiments, CaSO4 center dot 2H(2)O was converted to alpha-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O and further to insoluble anhydrite AII-CaSO4. A structural model for beta-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O is proposed on the basis of SR-PXD data and a trigonal unit cell (in hexagonal setting) a = 6.93145(3), c = 12.736 17(4) angstrom, Z = 6, and space group P3(1). A structural model for soluble anhydrite AIII-CaSO4 is also proposed on the basis of powder neutron diffraction data, and a hexagonal unit cell parameters are a = 6.9687(1), c = 6.3004(1) angstrom, Z = 3, and space group P6(2)22.},
  author       = {Norlund Christensen, Axel and Olesen, Maja and Cerenius, Yngve and Jensen, Torben R},
  issn         = {0897-4756},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {2124--2132},
  publisher    = {The American Chemical Society},
  series       = {Chemistry of Materials},
  title        = {Formation and transformation of five different phases in the CaSO4-H2O system: Crystal structure of the subhydrate beta-CaSO4 center dot 0.5H(2)O and soluble anhydrite CaSO4},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cm7027542},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2008},
}