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Index-based dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer

Reedy, J; Mitrou, P N; Krebs-Smith, S M; Wirfält, Elisabet LU ; Flood, A; Kipnis, V; Leitzmann, M; Mouw, T; Hollenbeck, A and Schatzkin, A, et al. (2008) In American Journal of Epidemiology 168(1). p.38-48
Abstract
The authors compared how four indexes-the Healthy Eating Index-2005, Alternate Healthy Eating Index, Mediterranean Diet Score, and Recommended Food Score-are associated with colorectal cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study (n = 492,382). To calculate each score, they merged data from a 124-item food frequency questionnaire completed at study entry (1995-1996) with the MyPyramid Equivalents Database (version 1.0). Other variables included energy, nutrients, multivitamins, and alcohol. Models were stratified by sex and adjusted for age, ethnicity, education, body mass index, smoking, physical activity, and menopausal hormone therapy (in women). During 5 years of follow-up, 3,110 incident colorectal cancer... (More)
The authors compared how four indexes-the Healthy Eating Index-2005, Alternate Healthy Eating Index, Mediterranean Diet Score, and Recommended Food Score-are associated with colorectal cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study (n = 492,382). To calculate each score, they merged data from a 124-item food frequency questionnaire completed at study entry (1995-1996) with the MyPyramid Equivalents Database (version 1.0). Other variables included energy, nutrients, multivitamins, and alcohol. Models were stratified by sex and adjusted for age, ethnicity, education, body mass index, smoking, physical activity, and menopausal hormone therapy (in women). During 5 years of follow-up, 3,110 incident colorectal cancer cases were ascertained. Although the indexes differ in design, a similarly decreased risk of colorectal cancer was observed across all indexes for men when comparing the highest scores with the lowest: Healthy Eating Index-2005 (relative risk (RR) = 0.72, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.62, 0.83); Alternate Healthy Eating Index (RR = 0.70, 95% CI: 0.61, 0.81); Mediterranean Diet Score (RR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.63, 0.83); and Recommended Food Score (RR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.65, 0.87). For women, a significantly decreased risk was found with the Healthy Eating Index-2005, although Alternate Healthy Eating Index results were similar. Index-based dietary patterns that are consistent with given dietary guidelines are associated with reduced risk. (Less)
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
risk, colorectal neoplasms, food habits
in
American Journal of Epidemiology
volume
168
issue
1
pages
38 - 48
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000256976800006
  • scopus:45849093236
ISSN
0002-9262
DOI
10.1093/aje/kwn097
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
36288967-cfff-4484-941d-294491905789 (old id 1191202)
date added to LUP
2008-09-08 12:04:46
date last changed
2017-08-20 03:45:46
@article{36288967-cfff-4484-941d-294491905789,
  abstract     = {The authors compared how four indexes-the Healthy Eating Index-2005, Alternate Healthy Eating Index, Mediterranean Diet Score, and Recommended Food Score-are associated with colorectal cancer in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study (n = 492,382). To calculate each score, they merged data from a 124-item food frequency questionnaire completed at study entry (1995-1996) with the MyPyramid Equivalents Database (version 1.0). Other variables included energy, nutrients, multivitamins, and alcohol. Models were stratified by sex and adjusted for age, ethnicity, education, body mass index, smoking, physical activity, and menopausal hormone therapy (in women). During 5 years of follow-up, 3,110 incident colorectal cancer cases were ascertained. Although the indexes differ in design, a similarly decreased risk of colorectal cancer was observed across all indexes for men when comparing the highest scores with the lowest: Healthy Eating Index-2005 (relative risk (RR) = 0.72, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.62, 0.83); Alternate Healthy Eating Index (RR = 0.70, 95% CI: 0.61, 0.81); Mediterranean Diet Score (RR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.63, 0.83); and Recommended Food Score (RR = 0.75, 95% CI: 0.65, 0.87). For women, a significantly decreased risk was found with the Healthy Eating Index-2005, although Alternate Healthy Eating Index results were similar. Index-based dietary patterns that are consistent with given dietary guidelines are associated with reduced risk.},
  author       = {Reedy, J and Mitrou, P N and Krebs-Smith, S M and Wirfält, Elisabet and Flood, A and Kipnis, V and Leitzmann, M and Mouw, T and Hollenbeck, A and Schatzkin, A and Subar, A F},
  issn         = {0002-9262},
  keyword      = {risk,colorectal neoplasms,food habits},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {38--48},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {American Journal of Epidemiology},
  title        = {Index-based dietary patterns and risk of colorectal cancer},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwn097},
  volume       = {168},
  year         = {2008},
}