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Measuring sustainable development - Nation by nation

Moran, Daniel LU ; Wackernagel, Mathis; Kitzes, Justin A; Goldfinger, Steven H and Boutaud, Aurelien (2008) In Ecological Economics 64(3). p.470-474
Abstract
Sustainable development represents a commitment to advancing human well-being, with the added constraint that this development needs to take place within the ecological limits of the biosphere. Progress in both these dimensions of sustainable development can be assessed: we use the UN Human Development Index (HDI) as an indicator of development and the Ecological Footprint as an indicator of human demand on the biosphere. We argue that an HDI of no less than 0.8 and a per capita Ecological Footprint less than the globally available biocapacity per person represent minimum requirements for sustainable development that is globally replicable. Despite growing global adoption of sustainable development as an explicit policy goal, we find that... (More)
Sustainable development represents a commitment to advancing human well-being, with the added constraint that this development needs to take place within the ecological limits of the biosphere. Progress in both these dimensions of sustainable development can be assessed: we use the UN Human Development Index (HDI) as an indicator of development and the Ecological Footprint as an indicator of human demand on the biosphere. We argue that an HDI of no less than 0.8 and a per capita Ecological Footprint less than the globally available biocapacity per person represent minimum requirements for sustainable development that is globally replicable. Despite growing global adoption of sustainable development as an explicit policy goal, we find that in the year 2003 only one of the 93 countries surveyed met both of these minimum requirements. We also find an overall trend in high-income countries over the past twenty five years that improvements to HDI come with disproportionately larger increases in Ecological Footprint, showing a movement away from sustainability. Some lower-income countries, however, have achieved higher levels of development without a corresponding increase in per capita demand on ecosystem resources. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
policy measurement, human development index, sustainable development, Ecological footprint
in
Ecological Economics
volume
64
issue
3
pages
470 - 474
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000252917100002
  • scopus:37049013276
ISSN
0921-8009
DOI
10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.08.017
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b92e0fb0-604e-4811-a4b2-b1e49afda574 (old id 1198745)
date added to LUP
2008-09-10 16:39:57
date last changed
2017-11-05 04:02:09
@misc{b92e0fb0-604e-4811-a4b2-b1e49afda574,
  abstract     = {Sustainable development represents a commitment to advancing human well-being, with the added constraint that this development needs to take place within the ecological limits of the biosphere. Progress in both these dimensions of sustainable development can be assessed: we use the UN Human Development Index (HDI) as an indicator of development and the Ecological Footprint as an indicator of human demand on the biosphere. We argue that an HDI of no less than 0.8 and a per capita Ecological Footprint less than the globally available biocapacity per person represent minimum requirements for sustainable development that is globally replicable. Despite growing global adoption of sustainable development as an explicit policy goal, we find that in the year 2003 only one of the 93 countries surveyed met both of these minimum requirements. We also find an overall trend in high-income countries over the past twenty five years that improvements to HDI come with disproportionately larger increases in Ecological Footprint, showing a movement away from sustainability. Some lower-income countries, however, have achieved higher levels of development without a corresponding increase in per capita demand on ecosystem resources.},
  author       = {Moran, Daniel and Wackernagel, Mathis and Kitzes, Justin A and Goldfinger, Steven H and Boutaud, Aurelien},
  issn         = {0921-8009},
  keyword      = {policy measurement,human development index,sustainable development,Ecological footprint},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {470--474},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Ecological Economics},
  title        = {Measuring sustainable development - Nation by nation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.08.017},
  volume       = {64},
  year         = {2008},
}