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Identification of a Ser/Thr cluster in the C-terminal domain of the human prostaglandin EP4-R essential for agonist-induced beta-arrestin1 recruitment that differs from the apparent principal phosphorylation site.

Neuschäfer-Rube, Frank; Hermosilla, Ricardo; Rehwald, Mathias; Rönnstrand, Lars LU ; Schülein, Ralf; Wernstedt, Christer and Püschel, Gerhard (2004) In Biochemical Journal 379(3). p.573-585
Abstract
hEP4-R (human prostaglandin E2 receptor, subtype EP4) is a Gs-linked heterotrimeric GPCR (G-protein-coupled receptor). It undergoes agonist-induced desensitization and internalization that depend on the presence of its C-terminal domain. Desensitization and internalization of GPCRs are often linked to agonist-induced b-arrestin complex formation, which is stabilized by phosphorylation. Subsequently b-arrestin uncouples the receptor from its G-protein and links it to the endocytotic machinery. The C-terminal domain of hEP4-R contains 38 Ser/Thr residues that represent potential phosphorylation sites. The present study aimed to analyse the relevance of these Ser/Thr residues for agonist-induced phosphorylation, interaction with b-arrestin... (More)
hEP4-R (human prostaglandin E2 receptor, subtype EP4) is a Gs-linked heterotrimeric GPCR (G-protein-coupled receptor). It undergoes agonist-induced desensitization and internalization that depend on the presence of its C-terminal domain. Desensitization and internalization of GPCRs are often linked to agonist-induced b-arrestin complex formation, which is stabilized by phosphorylation. Subsequently b-arrestin uncouples the receptor from its G-protein and links it to the endocytotic machinery. The C-terminal domain of hEP4-R contains 38 Ser/Thr residues that represent potential phosphorylation sites. The present study aimed to analyse the relevance of these Ser/Thr residues for agonist-induced phosphorylation, interaction with b-arrestin and internalization. In response to agonist treatment, hEP4-R was phosphorylated. By analysis of proteolytic phosphopeptides of the wild-type receptor and mutants in which groups of Ser/Thr residues had been replaced by Ala, the principal phosphorylation site was mapped to a Ser/Thr-containing region comprising residues 370–382, the presence of which was necessary and sufficient to obtain full agonist-induced phosphorylation. A cluster of Ser/Thr residues (Ser-389–Ser-390–Thr-391–Ser-392) distal to this site, but not the principal phosphorylation site, was essential to allow agonist-induced recruitment of b-arrestin1. However, phosphorylation greatly enhanced the stability of the b-arrestin1–receptor complexes. For maximal agonist-induced internalization, phosphorylation of the principal phosphorylation site was not required, but both b-arrestin1 recruitment and the presence of Ser/Thr residues in the distal half of the C-terminal domain were necessary. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Biochemical Journal
volume
379
issue
3
pages
573 - 585
publisher
Portland Press Limited
external identifiers
  • wos:000221535000007
  • pmid:14709160
  • scopus:2542565698
ISSN
0264-6021
DOI
10.1042/BJ20031820
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
052b0b73-d88d-45b5-8981-e6d6bbe47eb8 (old id 121745)
date added to LUP
2007-07-26 10:52:30
date last changed
2017-11-12 04:00:00
@article{052b0b73-d88d-45b5-8981-e6d6bbe47eb8,
  abstract     = {hEP4-R (human prostaglandin E2 receptor, subtype EP4) is a Gs-linked heterotrimeric GPCR (G-protein-coupled receptor). It undergoes agonist-induced desensitization and internalization that depend on the presence of its C-terminal domain. Desensitization and internalization of GPCRs are often linked to agonist-induced b-arrestin complex formation, which is stabilized by phosphorylation. Subsequently b-arrestin uncouples the receptor from its G-protein and links it to the endocytotic machinery. The C-terminal domain of hEP4-R contains 38 Ser/Thr residues that represent potential phosphorylation sites. The present study aimed to analyse the relevance of these Ser/Thr residues for agonist-induced phosphorylation, interaction with b-arrestin and internalization. In response to agonist treatment, hEP4-R was phosphorylated. By analysis of proteolytic phosphopeptides of the wild-type receptor and mutants in which groups of Ser/Thr residues had been replaced by Ala, the principal phosphorylation site was mapped to a Ser/Thr-containing region comprising residues 370–382, the presence of which was necessary and sufficient to obtain full agonist-induced phosphorylation. A cluster of Ser/Thr residues (Ser-389–Ser-390–Thr-391–Ser-392) distal to this site, but not the principal phosphorylation site, was essential to allow agonist-induced recruitment of b-arrestin1. However, phosphorylation greatly enhanced the stability of the b-arrestin1–receptor complexes. For maximal agonist-induced internalization, phosphorylation of the principal phosphorylation site was not required, but both b-arrestin1 recruitment and the presence of Ser/Thr residues in the distal half of the C-terminal domain were necessary.},
  author       = {Neuschäfer-Rube, Frank and Hermosilla, Ricardo and Rehwald, Mathias and Rönnstrand, Lars and Schülein, Ralf and Wernstedt, Christer and Püschel, Gerhard},
  issn         = {0264-6021},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {573--585},
  publisher    = {Portland Press Limited},
  series       = {Biochemical Journal},
  title        = {Identification of a Ser/Thr cluster in the C-terminal domain of the human prostaglandin EP4-R essential for agonist-induced beta-arrestin1 recruitment that differs from the apparent principal phosphorylation site.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BJ20031820},
  volume       = {379},
  year         = {2004},
}