Advanced

Investigation of local flame structures and statistics in partially premixed turbulent jet flames using simultaneous single-shot CH and OH planar laser-induced fluorescence imaging

Kiefer, J.; Li, Zhongshan LU ; Zetterberg, Johan LU ; Bai, Xue-Song LU and Aldén, Marcus LU (2008) In Combustion and Flame 154(4). p.802-818
Abstract
We report on the application of simultaneous single-shot imaging of CH and OH radicals using planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) to investigate partially permixed turbulent jet flames. Various flames have been stabilized on a coaxial jet flame burner consisting of an outer and an inner tube of diameter 22 and 2.2 mm, respectively. From the outer tube a rich methane/air mixture was supplied at a relatively low flow velocity, while a jet of pure air was introduced from the inner one, resulting in a turbulent jet flame on top of a laminar pilot flame. The turbulence intensity was controlled by varying the inner jet flow speed from 0 up to 120 m/s, corresponding to a maximal Reynolds number of the inner jet airflow of 13,200. The CH/OH... (More)
We report on the application of simultaneous single-shot imaging of CH and OH radicals using planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) to investigate partially permixed turbulent jet flames. Various flames have been stabilized on a coaxial jet flame burner consisting of an outer and an inner tube of diameter 22 and 2.2 mm, respectively. From the outer tube a rich methane/air mixture was supplied at a relatively low flow velocity, while a jet of pure air was introduced from the inner one, resulting in a turbulent jet flame on top of a laminar pilot flame. The turbulence intensity was controlled by varying the inner jet flow speed from 0 up to 120 m/s, corresponding to a maximal Reynolds number of the inner jet airflow of 13,200. The CH/OH PLIF imaging clearly revealed the local structure of the studied flames. In the proximity of the burner, a two-layer reaction zone structure was identified where an inner zone characterized by strong CH signals has a typical structure of rich premixed flames. An outer reaction zone characterized by strong OH signals has a typical structure of a diffusion flame that oxidizes the intermediate fuels formed in the inner rich premixed flame. In the moderate-turbulence flow, the CH layers were very thin closed surfaces in the entire flame, whereas the OH layers were much thicker. In the high-intensity-turbulence flame, the CH layer remained thin until it vanished in the upper part of the flame, showing local extinction and reignition behavior of the flame. The single-shot PLIF images have been utilized to determine the flame surface density (FSD). In low and moderate turbulence intensity cases the FSDs determined from CH and OH agreed with each other, while in the highly turbulent case a locally broken CH layer was observed, leading to a significant difference in the FSD results determined via the OH and CH radicals. Furthermore, the means and the standard deviations of CH and OH radicals were obtained to provide statistical information about the flames that may be used for validation of numerical calculations. (C) 2008 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
laser-induced fluorescence, planar, jet flame, partially premixed combustion, turbulent combustion, flame surface density, CH, OH
in
Combustion and Flame
volume
154
issue
4
pages
802 - 818
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000258940300012
  • scopus:49449100311
ISSN
0010-2180
DOI
10.1016/j.combustflame.2008.04.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
91c73e5c-e4d0-46ed-8582-38322e6b77c8 (old id 1247286)
date added to LUP
2008-11-11 08:31:18
date last changed
2017-11-05 03:57:19
@article{91c73e5c-e4d0-46ed-8582-38322e6b77c8,
  abstract     = {We report on the application of simultaneous single-shot imaging of CH and OH radicals using planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) to investigate partially permixed turbulent jet flames. Various flames have been stabilized on a coaxial jet flame burner consisting of an outer and an inner tube of diameter 22 and 2.2 mm, respectively. From the outer tube a rich methane/air mixture was supplied at a relatively low flow velocity, while a jet of pure air was introduced from the inner one, resulting in a turbulent jet flame on top of a laminar pilot flame. The turbulence intensity was controlled by varying the inner jet flow speed from 0 up to 120 m/s, corresponding to a maximal Reynolds number of the inner jet airflow of 13,200. The CH/OH PLIF imaging clearly revealed the local structure of the studied flames. In the proximity of the burner, a two-layer reaction zone structure was identified where an inner zone characterized by strong CH signals has a typical structure of rich premixed flames. An outer reaction zone characterized by strong OH signals has a typical structure of a diffusion flame that oxidizes the intermediate fuels formed in the inner rich premixed flame. In the moderate-turbulence flow, the CH layers were very thin closed surfaces in the entire flame, whereas the OH layers were much thicker. In the high-intensity-turbulence flame, the CH layer remained thin until it vanished in the upper part of the flame, showing local extinction and reignition behavior of the flame. The single-shot PLIF images have been utilized to determine the flame surface density (FSD). In low and moderate turbulence intensity cases the FSDs determined from CH and OH agreed with each other, while in the highly turbulent case a locally broken CH layer was observed, leading to a significant difference in the FSD results determined via the OH and CH radicals. Furthermore, the means and the standard deviations of CH and OH radicals were obtained to provide statistical information about the flames that may be used for validation of numerical calculations. (C) 2008 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Kiefer, J. and Li, Zhongshan and Zetterberg, Johan and Bai, Xue-Song and Aldén, Marcus},
  issn         = {0010-2180},
  keyword      = {laser-induced fluorescence,planar,jet flame,partially premixed combustion,turbulent combustion,flame surface density,CH,OH},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {802--818},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Combustion and Flame},
  title        = {Investigation of local flame structures and statistics in partially premixed turbulent jet flames using simultaneous single-shot CH and OH planar laser-induced fluorescence imaging},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2008.04.002},
  volume       = {154},
  year         = {2008},
}