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Purification of protein and recycling of polymers in a new aqueous two-phase system using two thermoseparating polymers

Persson, Josefine; Johansson, Hans-Olof LU and Tjerneld, Folke LU (1999) In Journal of Chromatography A 864(1). p.31-48
Abstract
In this study we present a new aqueous two-phase system where both polymers are thermoseparating. In this system it is possible to recycle both polymers by temperature induced phase separation, which is an improvement of the aqueous two-phase system previously reported where one of the polymers was thermoseparating and the other polymer was dextran or a starch derivative. The polymers used in this work are EO50PO50, a random copolymer of 50% ethylene oxide (EO) and 50% propylene oxide (PO), and a hydrophobically modified random copolymer of EO and PO with aliphatic C14H29-groups coupled to each end of the polymer (HM-EOPO). In water solution both polymers will phase separate above a critical temperature (cloud point for EO50PO50 50oC,... (More)
In this study we present a new aqueous two-phase system where both polymers are thermoseparating. In this system it is possible to recycle both polymers by temperature induced phase separation, which is an improvement of the aqueous two-phase system previously reported where one of the polymers was thermoseparating and the other polymer was dextran or a starch derivative. The polymers used in this work are EO50PO50, a random copolymer of 50% ethylene oxide (EO) and 50% propylene oxide (PO), and a hydrophobically modified random copolymer of EO and PO with aliphatic C14H29-groups coupled to each end of the polymer (HM-EOPO). In water solution both polymers will phase separate above a critical temperature (cloud point for EO50PO50 50oC, HM-EOPO, 14oC) and this will for both polymers lead to formation of an upper water phase and a lower polymer enriched phase. When EO50PO50 and HM-EOPO are mixed in water, the solution will separate in two phases above a certain concentration i.e. an aqueous two-phase system is formed analogous to poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)/dextran system. The partitioning of three proteins, bovine serum albumin, lysozyme and apolipoprotein A-1, has been studied in the EO50PO50/HM-EOPO system and how the partitioning is affected by salt additions. Protein partitioning is affected by salts in similar way as in traditional PEG/dextran system. Recombinant apolipoprotein A-1 has been purified from a cell free E. coli fermentation solution. Protein concentrations of 20 and 63 mg/ml were used, and the target protein could be concentrated in the HM-EOPO phase with purification factors of 6.6 and 7.3 giving the yields 66 and 45%, respectively. Recycling of both copolymers by thermoseparation was investigated. In protein free systems 73 and 97.5% of the EO50PO50 and HM-EOPO polymer could be recycled respectively. Both polymers were recycled after aqueous two-phase extraction of apolipoprotein A-1 from a cell free E. coli fermentation solution. Apolipoprotein A-1 was extracted to the HM-EOPO phase with contaminating proteins in the EO50PO50 phase. The yield (78%) and purification factor (5.5) of apolipoprotein A-1 was constant during three polymer recyclings. This new phase system based on two thermoseparating polymers is of great interest in large scale extractions where polymer recycling is of increasing importance. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Proteins, Polymers
in
Journal of Chromatography A
volume
864
issue
1
pages
31 - 48
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0032703909
ISSN
0021-9673
DOI
10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00991-7
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
64a9248a-f31e-4967-8476-4f7de710555d (old id 125383)
date added to LUP
2007-07-06 12:47:33
date last changed
2017-04-09 04:18:19
@article{64a9248a-f31e-4967-8476-4f7de710555d,
  abstract     = {In this study we present a new aqueous two-phase system where both polymers are thermoseparating. In this system it is possible to recycle both polymers by temperature induced phase separation, which is an improvement of the aqueous two-phase system previously reported where one of the polymers was thermoseparating and the other polymer was dextran or a starch derivative. The polymers used in this work are EO50PO50, a random copolymer of 50% ethylene oxide (EO) and 50% propylene oxide (PO), and a hydrophobically modified random copolymer of EO and PO with aliphatic C14H29-groups coupled to each end of the polymer (HM-EOPO). In water solution both polymers will phase separate above a critical temperature (cloud point for EO50PO50 50oC, HM-EOPO, 14oC) and this will for both polymers lead to formation of an upper water phase and a lower polymer enriched phase. When EO50PO50 and HM-EOPO are mixed in water, the solution will separate in two phases above a certain concentration i.e. an aqueous two-phase system is formed analogous to poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)/dextran system. The partitioning of three proteins, bovine serum albumin, lysozyme and apolipoprotein A-1, has been studied in the EO50PO50/HM-EOPO system and how the partitioning is affected by salt additions. Protein partitioning is affected by salts in similar way as in traditional PEG/dextran system. Recombinant apolipoprotein A-1 has been purified from a cell free E. coli fermentation solution. Protein concentrations of 20 and 63 mg/ml were used, and the target protein could be concentrated in the HM-EOPO phase with purification factors of 6.6 and 7.3 giving the yields 66 and 45%, respectively. Recycling of both copolymers by thermoseparation was investigated. In protein free systems 73 and 97.5% of the EO50PO50 and HM-EOPO polymer could be recycled respectively. Both polymers were recycled after aqueous two-phase extraction of apolipoprotein A-1 from a cell free E. coli fermentation solution. Apolipoprotein A-1 was extracted to the HM-EOPO phase with contaminating proteins in the EO50PO50 phase. The yield (78%) and purification factor (5.5) of apolipoprotein A-1 was constant during three polymer recyclings. This new phase system based on two thermoseparating polymers is of great interest in large scale extractions where polymer recycling is of increasing importance.},
  author       = {Persson, Josefine and Johansson, Hans-Olof and Tjerneld, Folke},
  issn         = {0021-9673},
  keyword      = {Proteins,Polymers},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {31--48},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Chromatography A},
  title        = {Purification of protein and recycling of polymers in a new aqueous two-phase system using two thermoseparating polymers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(99)00991-7},
  volume       = {864},
  year         = {1999},
}