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Fast Spectral Velocity Estimation Using Adaptive Techniques: In-vivo Results

Gran, Fredrik; Jakobsson, Andreas LU ; Udesen, Jesper and Jensen, Jörgen (2007) IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, 2007 In IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, 2007 p.993-996
Abstract
Adaptive spectral estimation techniques are known to provide good spectral resolution and contrast even when the observation window (OW) is very short. In this paper two adaptive techniques are tested and compared to the averaged periodogram (Welch) for blood velocity estimation. The blood power spectral capon (BPC) method is based on a standard minimum variance technique adapted to account for both averaging over slow-time and depth. The blood amplitude and phase estimation technique (BAPES) is based on finding a set of matched filters (one for each velocity component of interest) and filtering the blood process over slow-time and averaging over depth to find the power spectral density estimate. In this paper, the two adaptive methods are... (More)
Adaptive spectral estimation techniques are known to provide good spectral resolution and contrast even when the observation window (OW) is very short. In this paper two adaptive techniques are tested and compared to the averaged periodogram (Welch) for blood velocity estimation. The blood power spectral capon (BPC) method is based on a standard minimum variance technique adapted to account for both averaging over slow-time and depth. The blood amplitude and phase estimation technique (BAPES) is based on finding a set of matched filters (one for each velocity component of interest) and filtering the blood process over slow-time and averaging over depth to find the power spectral density estimate. In this paper, the two adaptive methods are explained, and performance is assessed in controlled steady flow experiments and in-vivo measurements. The three methods were tested on a circulating flow rig with a blood mimicking fluid flowing in the tube. The scanning section is submerged in water to allow ultrasound data acquisition. Data was recorded using a BK8804 linear array transducer and the RASMUS ultrasound scanner. The controlled experiments showed that the OW could be significantly reduced when applying the adaptive methods without compromising spectral resolution or contrast. The in-vivo data was acquired using a BK8812 transducer. OWs of 128, 64, 32 and 16 slow- time samples were tested. Spectrograms with duration of 2 seconds were generated. Welch's method required 128 samples to give a reasonable spectrogram, whereas the BPC only required 32 samples before the SNR became a limiting factor. The BAPES managed to display the spectrogram with sufficient quality at 16 slow-time samples. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, 2007
pages
993 - 996
publisher
IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
conference name
IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, 2007
external identifiers
  • scopus:48149088964
ISSN
1051-0117
ISBN
978-1-4244-1384-3
DOI
10.1109/ULTSYM.2007.253
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
66a5a4c9-1b99-4196-afa5-00262e7919ba (old id 1274706)
date added to LUP
2009-03-02 13:48:33
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:27:12
@inproceedings{66a5a4c9-1b99-4196-afa5-00262e7919ba,
  abstract     = {Adaptive spectral estimation techniques are known to provide good spectral resolution and contrast even when the observation window (OW) is very short. In this paper two adaptive techniques are tested and compared to the averaged periodogram (Welch) for blood velocity estimation. The blood power spectral capon (BPC) method is based on a standard minimum variance technique adapted to account for both averaging over slow-time and depth. The blood amplitude and phase estimation technique (BAPES) is based on finding a set of matched filters (one for each velocity component of interest) and filtering the blood process over slow-time and averaging over depth to find the power spectral density estimate. In this paper, the two adaptive methods are explained, and performance is assessed in controlled steady flow experiments and in-vivo measurements. The three methods were tested on a circulating flow rig with a blood mimicking fluid flowing in the tube. The scanning section is submerged in water to allow ultrasound data acquisition. Data was recorded using a BK8804 linear array transducer and the RASMUS ultrasound scanner. The controlled experiments showed that the OW could be significantly reduced when applying the adaptive methods without compromising spectral resolution or contrast. The in-vivo data was acquired using a BK8812 transducer. OWs of 128, 64, 32 and 16 slow- time samples were tested. Spectrograms with duration of 2 seconds were generated. Welch's method required 128 samples to give a reasonable spectrogram, whereas the BPC only required 32 samples before the SNR became a limiting factor. The BAPES managed to display the spectrogram with sufficient quality at 16 slow-time samples.},
  author       = {Gran, Fredrik and Jakobsson, Andreas and Udesen, Jesper and Jensen, Jörgen},
  booktitle    = {IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium, 2007},
  isbn         = {978-1-4244-1384-3},
  issn         = {1051-0117},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {993--996},
  publisher    = {IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.},
  title        = {Fast Spectral Velocity Estimation Using Adaptive Techniques: In-vivo Results},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ULTSYM.2007.253},
  year         = {2007},
}