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Competitive physical activity early in life is associated with bone mineral density in elderly Swedish men

Nilsson, M.; Ohlsson, C.; Eriksson, A. L.; Frandin, K.; Karlsson, Magnus LU ; Ljunggren, O.; Mellstrom, D. and Lorentzon, M. (2008) In Osteoporosis International 19(11). p.1557-1566
Abstract
In this population-based study of 75-year-old men (n = 498), we investigated the association between physical activity (PA) early in life and present bone mineral density (BMD). We demonstrate that a high frequency of competitive sports early in life is associated with BMD at several bone sites, indicating that increases in BMD following PA are preserved longer than previously believed. Introduction Physical activity (PA) increases bone mineral density (BMD) during growth. It is unclear if the positive effects remain at old age. In this study, we aimed to determine if PA early in life was associated with BMD in elderly men. Methods In this population-based study, 498 men, 75.2 +/- .3 (mean +/- SD) years old, were included. BMD was assessed... (More)
In this population-based study of 75-year-old men (n = 498), we investigated the association between physical activity (PA) early in life and present bone mineral density (BMD). We demonstrate that a high frequency of competitive sports early in life is associated with BMD at several bone sites, indicating that increases in BMD following PA are preserved longer than previously believed. Introduction Physical activity (PA) increases bone mineral density (BMD) during growth. It is unclear if the positive effects remain at old age. In this study, we aimed to determine if PA early in life was associated with BMD in elderly men. Methods In this population-based study, 498 men, 75.2 +/- .3 (mean +/- SD) years old, were included. BMD was assessed using DXA. Data concerning lifetime PA, including both competitive (CS) and recreational sports (RS), and occupational physical load (OPL), were collected at interview. Results Subjects in the highest frequency group of CS in the early period (10-35 years), had higher BMD at the total body (4.2%, p < 0.01), total hip (7.0%, p < 0.01), trochanter (8.7%, p < 0.01), and lumbar spine (7.9%, p < 0.01), than subjects not involved in CS. A stepwise linear regression model showed that frequency of CS in the early period independently positively predicted present BMD at the total body (beta=0.12, p < 0.01), total hip (beta=0.11, p < 0.01), trochanter (beta=0.12, p < 0.01), and lumbar spine (beta=0.11, p=0.01). Conclusions We demonstrate that PA in CS early in life is associated with BMD in 75-year-old Swedish men, indicating that increases in BMD following PA are preserved longer than previously believed. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
bone mineral density, men, physical activity
in
Osteoporosis International
volume
19
issue
11
pages
1557 - 1566
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000259820200007
  • scopus:53549100185
ISSN
1433-2965
DOI
10.1007/s00198-008-0600-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1e5c291c-4140-4506-b72c-2aae42eb6231 (old id 1286595)
date added to LUP
2009-01-29 16:31:10
date last changed
2017-09-10 04:11:30
@article{1e5c291c-4140-4506-b72c-2aae42eb6231,
  abstract     = {In this population-based study of 75-year-old men (n = 498), we investigated the association between physical activity (PA) early in life and present bone mineral density (BMD). We demonstrate that a high frequency of competitive sports early in life is associated with BMD at several bone sites, indicating that increases in BMD following PA are preserved longer than previously believed. Introduction Physical activity (PA) increases bone mineral density (BMD) during growth. It is unclear if the positive effects remain at old age. In this study, we aimed to determine if PA early in life was associated with BMD in elderly men. Methods In this population-based study, 498 men, 75.2 +/- .3 (mean +/- SD) years old, were included. BMD was assessed using DXA. Data concerning lifetime PA, including both competitive (CS) and recreational sports (RS), and occupational physical load (OPL), were collected at interview. Results Subjects in the highest frequency group of CS in the early period (10-35 years), had higher BMD at the total body (4.2%, p &lt; 0.01), total hip (7.0%, p &lt; 0.01), trochanter (8.7%, p &lt; 0.01), and lumbar spine (7.9%, p &lt; 0.01), than subjects not involved in CS. A stepwise linear regression model showed that frequency of CS in the early period independently positively predicted present BMD at the total body (beta=0.12, p &lt; 0.01), total hip (beta=0.11, p &lt; 0.01), trochanter (beta=0.12, p &lt; 0.01), and lumbar spine (beta=0.11, p=0.01). Conclusions We demonstrate that PA in CS early in life is associated with BMD in 75-year-old Swedish men, indicating that increases in BMD following PA are preserved longer than previously believed.},
  author       = {Nilsson, M. and Ohlsson, C. and Eriksson, A. L. and Frandin, K. and Karlsson, Magnus and Ljunggren, O. and Mellstrom, D. and Lorentzon, M.},
  issn         = {1433-2965},
  keyword      = {bone mineral density,men,physical activity},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1557--1566},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Osteoporosis International},
  title        = {Competitive physical activity early in life is associated with bone mineral density in elderly Swedish men},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-008-0600-8},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2008},
}