Advanced

Influence of the membrane cut-off during ultrafiltration of kraft black liquor with ceramic membranes

Wallberg, Ola LU and Jönsson, Ann-Sofi LU (2003) In Chemical Engineering Research & Design 81(10). p.1379-1384
Abstract
Fractionation of kraft black liquor by ultrafiltration is receiving a great deal of interest at the moment, mainly because the extracted lignin can be used as a biofuel, but also because there are indications that the pulp quality is improved when permeate is used instead of black liquor as the diluent in the cooking process. Fractionation of kraft black liquor calls for membranes that can withstand high temperatures at high pH. In this investigation the performance of two ceramic membranes manufactured by Orelis, France, with cut-offs of 5 and 15 kDa was studied. The temperature during the experiments was 90°C and no adjustment of the pH was made. The retention of cooking chemicals was almost zero for both membranes. The volume of black... (More)
Fractionation of kraft black liquor by ultrafiltration is receiving a great deal of interest at the moment, mainly because the extracted lignin can be used as a biofuel, but also because there are indications that the pulp quality is improved when permeate is used instead of black liquor as the diluent in the cooking process. Fractionation of kraft black liquor calls for membranes that can withstand high temperatures at high pH. In this investigation the performance of two ceramic membranes manufactured by Orelis, France, with cut-offs of 5 and 15 kDa was studied. The temperature during the experiments was 90°C and no adjustment of the pH was made. The retention of cooking chemicals was almost zero for both membranes. The volume of black liquor was reduced by 80% with the 5 kDa membrane and by 90% with the 15 kDa membrane. The average flux during concentration with the 5 kDa membrane was 45 l m−2 h−1 (transmembrane pressure 400 kPa and circulation velocity 3.6 m s−1) while the flux of the 15 kDa membrane was 95 l m−2 h−1 (transmembrane pressure 100 kPa and circulation velocity 4.5 m s−1). The lignin recovery was 66% and 28% for the 5 and 15 kDa membranes, respectively. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Chemical Engineering Research & Design
volume
81
issue
10
pages
1379 - 1384
publisher
IChemE
external identifiers
  • wos:000187158700010
  • scopus:0346934928
ISSN
0263-8762
DOI
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
23f31293-8ddd-45ac-b2b4-daae0f834e34 (old id 129399)
date added to LUP
2007-06-25 16:36:31
date last changed
2018-05-29 09:35:25
@article{23f31293-8ddd-45ac-b2b4-daae0f834e34,
  abstract     = {Fractionation of kraft black liquor by ultrafiltration is receiving a great deal of interest at the moment, mainly because the extracted lignin can be used as a biofuel, but also because there are indications that the pulp quality is improved when permeate is used instead of black liquor as the diluent in the cooking process. Fractionation of kraft black liquor calls for membranes that can withstand high temperatures at high pH. In this investigation the performance of two ceramic membranes manufactured by Orelis, France, with cut-offs of 5 and 15 kDa was studied. The temperature during the experiments was 90°C and no adjustment of the pH was made. The retention of cooking chemicals was almost zero for both membranes. The volume of black liquor was reduced by 80% with the 5 kDa membrane and by 90% with the 15 kDa membrane. The average flux during concentration with the 5 kDa membrane was 45 l m−2 h−1 (transmembrane pressure 400 kPa and circulation velocity 3.6 m s−1) while the flux of the 15 kDa membrane was 95 l m−2 h−1 (transmembrane pressure 100 kPa and circulation velocity 4.5 m s−1). The lignin recovery was 66% and 28% for the 5 and 15 kDa membranes, respectively.},
  author       = {Wallberg, Ola and Jönsson, Ann-Sofi},
  issn         = {0263-8762},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {1379--1384},
  publisher    = {IChemE},
  series       = {Chemical Engineering Research & Design},
  title        = {Influence of the membrane cut-off during ultrafiltration of kraft black liquor with ceramic membranes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/},
  volume       = {81},
  year         = {2003},
}