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Incidence of cardiac events in hypertensive men related to adaptive behavior in stressful encounters

André-Petersson, Lena LU ; Hagberg, Bo LU ; Hedblad, Bo LU ; Janzon, Lars LU and Steen, Gunilla (1999) In International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 6(4). p.331-355
Abstract
The Serial Color Word Test was administered at baseline to 253 hypertensive men participating in the prospective cohort study of cardiovascular diseases "Men born in 1914" in Malmo, Sweden. This test of psychological adaptation to a stressful encounter was used to investigate whether susceptibility to stress moderates the risk of a cardiac event in association with hypertension. Adaptive behavior, as measured by test performance, can be categorized in two dimensions. The regression dimension refers to linear change of time spent in the test session whereas the variability dimension refers to nonlinear change. Both dimensions consist of four different patterns. At follow-up (mean time = 8.2 +/- 3.5 years), the risk of a cardiac event varied... (More)
The Serial Color Word Test was administered at baseline to 253 hypertensive men participating in the prospective cohort study of cardiovascular diseases "Men born in 1914" in Malmo, Sweden. This test of psychological adaptation to a stressful encounter was used to investigate whether susceptibility to stress moderates the risk of a cardiac event in association with hypertension. Adaptive behavior, as measured by test performance, can be categorized in two dimensions. The regression dimension refers to linear change of time spent in the test session whereas the variability dimension refers to nonlinear change. Both dimensions consist of four different patterns. At follow-up (mean time = 8.2 +/- 3.5 years), the risk of a cardiac event varied between men with different adaptive patterns. One pattern, the Cumulative-Dissociative pattern of the variability dimension, characterized by a discontinuous and fluctuating time-consumption, was associated to an almost three-fold risk of a cardiac event during follow-up (relative risk [RR], 2.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33 - 6.70, p = .010) after adjustment for medical-, socioeconomic-, and lifestyle-related factors. No association existed between adaptive patterns and overall mortality. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
volume
6
issue
4
pages
331 - 355
publisher
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates
external identifiers
  • scopus:1642602491
ISSN
1070-5503
DOI
10.1207/s15327558ijbm0604_3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f8790f40-3d18-4fa6-8a1f-41cced23a7f9 (old id 1296588)
date added to LUP
2009-07-31 13:06:54
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:13:23
@article{f8790f40-3d18-4fa6-8a1f-41cced23a7f9,
  abstract     = {The Serial Color Word Test was administered at baseline to 253 hypertensive men participating in the prospective cohort study of cardiovascular diseases "Men born in 1914" in Malmo, Sweden. This test of psychological adaptation to a stressful encounter was used to investigate whether susceptibility to stress moderates the risk of a cardiac event in association with hypertension. Adaptive behavior, as measured by test performance, can be categorized in two dimensions. The regression dimension refers to linear change of time spent in the test session whereas the variability dimension refers to nonlinear change. Both dimensions consist of four different patterns. At follow-up (mean time = 8.2 +/- 3.5 years), the risk of a cardiac event varied between men with different adaptive patterns. One pattern, the Cumulative-Dissociative pattern of the variability dimension, characterized by a discontinuous and fluctuating time-consumption, was associated to an almost three-fold risk of a cardiac event during follow-up (relative risk [RR], 2.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33 - 6.70, p = .010) after adjustment for medical-, socioeconomic-, and lifestyle-related factors. No association existed between adaptive patterns and overall mortality.},
  author       = {André-Petersson, Lena and Hagberg, Bo and Hedblad, Bo and Janzon, Lars and Steen, Gunilla},
  issn         = {1070-5503},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {331--355},
  publisher    = {Lawrence Erlbaum Associates},
  series       = {International Journal of Behavioral Medicine},
  title        = {Incidence of cardiac events in hypertensive men related to adaptive behavior in stressful encounters},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327558ijbm0604_3},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {1999},
}