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Law in Progress? A Contextual Study of Norm-Generating Processes - The Example of GMES

Bergman, Anna-Karin LU (2009) In Lund Studies in Sociology of Law 30.
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Denna rättssociologiska avhandling studerar "law in progress" genom att undersöka de normbildningsprocesser som framkommer i en interaktion mellan aktörer över tid. Avhandlingen har en empirisk utgångspunkt och illustrerar dessa processer utifrån ett empiriskt exempel, ett Europeiskt "Earth Observation" (EO) initiativ: Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES). Avhandlingens huvudsakliga frågeställning är om det är nödvändigt att reglera GMES, och om ja, vilka områden bör då bli föremål för denna reglering. Frågeställningen har i sin tur besvarats genom tre subfrågor, 1) Hur många normbildningsprocesser existerar i relation till GMES? 2) Hur är dessa norm-bildningsprocesser... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

Denna rättssociologiska avhandling studerar "law in progress" genom att undersöka de normbildningsprocesser som framkommer i en interaktion mellan aktörer över tid. Avhandlingen har en empirisk utgångspunkt och illustrerar dessa processer utifrån ett empiriskt exempel, ett Europeiskt "Earth Observation" (EO) initiativ: Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES). Avhandlingens huvudsakliga frågeställning är om det är nödvändigt att reglera GMES, och om ja, vilka områden bör då bli föremål för denna reglering. Frågeställningen har i sin tur besvarats genom tre subfrågor, 1) Hur många normbildningsprocesser existerar i relation till GMES? 2) Hur är dessa norm-bildningsprocesser konstruerade? 3) Vilken betydelse har dess antal och konstruktion för undersökandet av om GMES behöver regleras? Det empiriska materialet består av intervjuer med relevanta GMES stakeholders (organisationer), observationer i GMES Advisory Council, samt dokumentstudier. Det empiriska materialet har analyserats med det heuristiska verktyget "norm-modellen" och en efterföljande syntetisering av dess tre dimensioner har utförts. Analysen visar att GMES för närvarande verkar bestå av två parallella normbildningsprocesser, vilka är separerade p.g.a. olikheter i värden. Den ena upprätthåller till synes ett "business" perspektiv som grundar sig i ekonomiska värden, medan den andra upprätthåller ett "environmental management" perspektiv som grundar sig på forskningsvärden. Det är tydligt att båda normbildningsprocesser måste säkras för att GMES skall kunna implementeras, och för att detta skall bli möjligt är det rekommenderat att någon form av reglering antas på området som säkrar existerandet av dessa processer. Nästa fråga är dock: vad behöver regleras? En gemensam nämnare för de båda processerna är intresset i teknologin (satelliter), intresset ser dock olika ut och ett resultat är att en reglering av teknologin kan styra upp separationen mellan dessa intressen och på så sätt vara en nyckel till att skapa en hållbar länk mellan "business" och "environmental managment" perspektiven. Regleringen av teknologin skulle därmed öka chansen för att GMES implementeras effektivt. Avhandlingen för inte enbart med sig resultat vis-á-vis GMES utan resulterar också i en inomvetenskaplig "spin-off-insikt": vidareutvecklandet av analysen av normbildningsprocesser. Inför man System Analys (SA) samt system dynamik i form av pil-diagram och det datorbaserade verktyget STELLA som ett komplement till norm-modellen kan man ta analysen av normbildningsprocesser ett steg längre och illustrera både hur och var norm-modellens tre dimensioner länkar och påverkar varandra, samt hur systemet som bildats av dessa delar kommer bete sig över tid. (Less)
Abstract
This PhD-thesis in Sociology of Law studies ”Law in Progress” by investigating norm-generating processes, which emerge through an interaction between actors over time. The thesis has an empirical approach, thus illustrates these processes through an empirical example, a European “Earth Observation” (EO) initiative: Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES). The main research questions dealt with are if GMES needs to be regulated and, if so, what areas need to be regulated. The thesis has produced two very interesting results: 1) the first result shows that the norm-generating processes illustrate means towards a goal. In most cases norm-generating processes give rise to a goal, whereas in this thesis the norm-generating... (More)
This PhD-thesis in Sociology of Law studies ”Law in Progress” by investigating norm-generating processes, which emerge through an interaction between actors over time. The thesis has an empirical approach, thus illustrates these processes through an empirical example, a European “Earth Observation” (EO) initiative: Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES). The main research questions dealt with are if GMES needs to be regulated and, if so, what areas need to be regulated. The thesis has produced two very interesting results: 1) the first result shows that the norm-generating processes illustrate means towards a goal. In most cases norm-generating processes give rise to a goal, whereas in this thesis the norm-generating processes instead identified the means towards the goal of implementing GMES. By identifying the means towards the goal one is able to produce a future regulation which will mirror reality to a large extent, thereby providing a valuable link between the norm-generating processes and the future regulation; 2) the second result shows the important role played by technology. The result of the study shows that GMES currently consist of two parallel norm-generating processes, which seem to be separated because of different values. One process upholds a “business perspective” which is based on economic values, while the other process upholds an “environmental management” perspective which has its foundation in research values. Both norm-generating processes have to be safeguarded in order for GMES to be implemented and legal regulations may assist in this process. A common denominator for actors adhering to the respective processes seems to be the interest in the technology (foremost Space infrastructure) and its generated information. The result of the study shows that a joint regulation of the technology and its generated data, especially of its utilisation, access (e.g. regulate who have the right to access and procedures around this issue) and data pricing (e.g. regulating pricing levels and the procedures regarding this issue), together can form one of the keys to providing a sustainable connection between the business- and the environmental management perspectives; and thereby is able to connect the two parallel norm-generating processes into a functioning system, GMES.

The thesis does not only bring about results vis-à-vis GMES, but also provide some future outlook. This outlook includes an introduction of Systems Analysis (SA) and systems dynamic (STELLA) in the investigation of norm-generating processes. With the introduction of these tools, one may be able to take the analysis of the norm-generating processes one step further and thereby provide a more dynamic image of the processes. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
supervisor
opponent
  • Professor Petersen, Hanne, University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Law
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sociology of Law, Law, Law in progress, GMES, norms, Norm-generating processes, Norm-model, Technology, Earth Observation, Systems analysis, Values, Environmental management, Business
in
Lund Studies in Sociology of Law
volume
30
pages
228 pages
publisher
Lund University
defense location
Pufendorfsalen, 1 vån. i före detta Berglingska boktryckeriets gårdsbyggnad, med ingång genom porten på Lilla Gråbrödersgatan 3 C. Lund
defense date
2009-04-03 13:00
ISSN
1403-7246
ISBN
91-7267-284-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f644b458-326e-43c3-af69-f5b486c1c082 (old id 1301008)
date added to LUP
2009-03-05 14:57:58
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:44:49
@phdthesis{f644b458-326e-43c3-af69-f5b486c1c082,
  abstract     = {This PhD-thesis in Sociology of Law studies ”Law in Progress” by investigating norm-generating processes, which emerge through an interaction between actors over time. The thesis has an empirical approach, thus illustrates these processes through an empirical example, a European “Earth Observation” (EO) initiative: Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES). The main research questions dealt with are if GMES needs to be regulated and, if so, what areas need to be regulated. The thesis has produced two very interesting results: 1) the first result shows that the norm-generating processes illustrate means towards a goal. In most cases norm-generating processes give rise to a goal, whereas in this thesis the norm-generating processes instead identified the means towards the goal of implementing GMES. By identifying the means towards the goal one is able to produce a future regulation which will mirror reality to a large extent, thereby providing a valuable link between the norm-generating processes and the future regulation; 2) the second result shows the important role played by technology. The result of the study shows that GMES currently consist of two parallel norm-generating processes, which seem to be separated because of different values. One process upholds a “business perspective” which is based on economic values, while the other process upholds an “environmental management” perspective which has its foundation in research values. Both norm-generating processes have to be safeguarded in order for GMES to be implemented and legal regulations may assist in this process. A common denominator for actors adhering to the respective processes seems to be the interest in the technology (foremost Space infrastructure) and its generated information. The result of the study shows that a joint regulation of the technology and its generated data, especially of its utilisation, access (e.g. regulate who have the right to access and procedures around this issue) and data pricing (e.g. regulating pricing levels and the procedures regarding this issue), together can form one of the keys to providing a sustainable connection between the business- and the environmental management perspectives; and thereby is able to connect the two parallel norm-generating processes into a functioning system, GMES. <br/><br>
The thesis does not only bring about results vis-à-vis GMES, but also provide some future outlook. This outlook includes an introduction of Systems Analysis (SA) and systems dynamic (STELLA) in the investigation of norm-generating processes. With the introduction of these tools, one may be able to take the analysis of the norm-generating processes one step further and thereby provide a more dynamic image of the processes.},
  author       = {Bergman, Anna-Karin},
  isbn         = {91-7267-284-6},
  issn         = {1403-7246},
  keyword      = {Sociology of Law,Law,Law in progress,GMES,norms,Norm-generating processes,Norm-model,Technology,Earth Observation,Systems analysis,Values,Environmental management,Business},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {228},
  publisher    = {Lund University},
  school       = {Lund University},
  series       = {Lund Studies in Sociology of Law},
  title        = {Law in Progress? A Contextual Study of Norm-Generating Processes - The Example of GMES},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2009},
}