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Rationale, concepts and approach to the assessment

Callaghan, Terry V.; Björn, Lars Olof LU ; Chernov, Yuri; Chapin, Terry; Christensen, Torben LU ; Huntley, Brian; Ims, Rolf A.; Johansson, Margareta; Jolly, Dyanna and Jonasson, Sven, et al. (2004) In Ambio 33(7). p.393-397
Abstract
A general recognition that the Arctic will amplify global climate warming, that UV-B radiation may continue to increase there because of possible delays in the repair of stratospheric ozone, and that the Arctic environment and its peoples are likely to be particularly susceptible to such environmental changes stimulated an international assessment of climate change impacts. The Arctic Climate Impacts Assessment (ACIA) is a four-year study, culminating in publication of a major scientific report (1) as well as other products. In this paper and those following in this Ambio

Special Issue, we present the findings of the section of the

report that focuses on terrestrial ecosystems of the Arctic, from the treeline ecotone to the... (More)
A general recognition that the Arctic will amplify global climate warming, that UV-B radiation may continue to increase there because of possible delays in the repair of stratospheric ozone, and that the Arctic environment and its peoples are likely to be particularly susceptible to such environmental changes stimulated an international assessment of climate change impacts. The Arctic Climate Impacts Assessment (ACIA) is a four-year study, culminating in publication of a major scientific report (1) as well as other products. In this paper and those following in this Ambio

Special Issue, we present the findings of the section of the

report that focuses on terrestrial ecosystems of the Arctic, from the treeline ecotone to the polar deserts.

The Arctic is generally recognized as a treeless wilderness

with cold winters and cool summers. However, definitions of

the southern boundary vary according to environmental, geographical or political biases. This paper and the assessment in the following papers of this Ambio Special Issue focus on biota (plants, animals and microorganisms) and processes in the region beyond the northern limit of the closed forest (the taiga), but we also include processes south of this boundary that affect ecosystems in the Arctic. Examples are overwintering periods of migratory animals spent in the south and the regulation of the latitudinal treeline. The geographical area we have defined as the current Arctic is the area we use for developing scenarios of future impacts: Our geographical area of interest will not decrease under a scenario of the replacement of current Arctic tundra by boreal forests. (Less)
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Ambio
volume
33
issue
7
pages
393 - 397
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000225006300002
  • pmid:15573567
  • scopus:8844261185
ISSN
0044-7447
DOI
10.1639/0044-7447%282004%29033%5B0393%3ARCAATT%5D2.0.CO%3B2
language
English
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yes
id
7a064ffa-4597-4302-9a86-2116118f865c (old id 132462)
date added to LUP
2007-07-23 09:07:47
date last changed
2017-08-27 05:23:28
@article{7a064ffa-4597-4302-9a86-2116118f865c,
  abstract     = {A general recognition that the Arctic will amplify global climate warming, that UV-B radiation may continue to increase there because of possible delays in the repair of stratospheric ozone, and that the Arctic environment and its peoples are likely to be particularly susceptible to such environmental changes stimulated an international assessment of climate change impacts. The Arctic Climate Impacts Assessment (ACIA) is a four-year study, culminating in publication of a major scientific report (1) as well as other products. In this paper and those following in this Ambio<br/><br>
Special Issue, we present the findings of the section of the<br/><br>
report that focuses on terrestrial ecosystems of the Arctic, from the treeline ecotone to the polar deserts.<br/><br>
The Arctic is generally recognized as a treeless wilderness<br/><br>
with cold winters and cool summers. However, definitions of<br/><br>
the southern boundary vary according to environmental, geographical or political biases. This paper and the assessment in the following papers of this Ambio Special Issue focus on biota (plants, animals and microorganisms) and processes in the region beyond the northern limit of the closed forest (the taiga), but we also include processes south of this boundary that affect ecosystems in the Arctic. Examples are overwintering periods of migratory animals spent in the south and the regulation of the latitudinal treeline. The geographical area we have defined as the current Arctic is the area we use for developing scenarios of future impacts: Our geographical area of interest will not decrease under a scenario of the replacement of current Arctic tundra by boreal forests.},
  author       = {Callaghan, Terry V. and Björn, Lars Olof and Chernov, Yuri and Chapin, Terry and Christensen, Torben and Huntley, Brian and Ims, Rolf A. and Johansson, Margareta and Jolly, Dyanna and Jonasson, Sven and Matveyeva, Nadya and Panikov, Nicolai and Oechel, Walter and Shaver, Gus},
  issn         = {0044-7447},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {393--397},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Ambio},
  title        = {Rationale, concepts and approach to the assessment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1639/0044-7447%282004%29033%5B0393%3ARCAATT%5D2.0.CO%3B2},
  volume       = {33},
  year         = {2004},
}