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Quality indicators for woodwind reed material

Glave, Stefan; Pallon, Jan LU ; Bornman, Chris; Björn, Lars Olof LU ; Wallén, Rita LU ; Råstam, Jacob; Kristiansson, Per LU ; Elfman, Mikael LU and Malmqvist, Klas LU (1999) In Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 150(1-4). p.673-678
Abstract
For the generation of sound, some woodwind musical instruments, e.g. oboe, bassoon, clarinet and saxophone, are provided with mouthpieces made from reeds. These reeds are the culms of Arundo donax, a tall, cane-like perennial grass. A general problem is that the material is of varying quality, yet externally differences cannot be observed. Hence, large proportions of the prepared reeds are unusable. One hypothesis is that the changes in quality are correlated with differences in the chemical and anatomical structure of the tissue. Therefore, a comparison of superior and inferior mouthpieces, used by professional musicians, was undertaken to determinate potential indicators of quality. Nuclear microprobe analysis of reeds was carried out... (More)
For the generation of sound, some woodwind musical instruments, e.g. oboe, bassoon, clarinet and saxophone, are provided with mouthpieces made from reeds. These reeds are the culms of Arundo donax, a tall, cane-like perennial grass. A general problem is that the material is of varying quality, yet externally differences cannot be observed. Hence, large proportions of the prepared reeds are unusable. One hypothesis is that the changes in quality are correlated with differences in the chemical and anatomical structure of the tissue. Therefore, a comparison of superior and inferior mouthpieces, used by professional musicians, was undertaken to determinate potential indicators of quality. Nuclear microprobe analysis of reeds was carried out and complemented by scanning electron and light microscopy. The elemental levels of Si, P, S, Cl, K and Ca were compared between good and poor mouthpieces using appropriate statistical tests. No statistically significant differences could be identified. Microscopical observations showed that partial occlusion of vessels by tylose formation was associated with material deemed unusable. (Less)
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
volume
150
issue
1-4
pages
673 - 678
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:0033515119
ISSN
0168-583X
DOI
10.1016/S0168-583X(98)01025-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
56e2995a-cec1-4b3d-ac3f-435891ec1d2c (old id 134424)
date added to LUP
2007-07-23 10:57:35
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:01:24
@article{56e2995a-cec1-4b3d-ac3f-435891ec1d2c,
  abstract     = {For the generation of sound, some woodwind musical instruments, e.g. oboe, bassoon, clarinet and saxophone, are provided with mouthpieces made from reeds. These reeds are the culms of Arundo donax, a tall, cane-like perennial grass. A general problem is that the material is of varying quality, yet externally differences cannot be observed. Hence, large proportions of the prepared reeds are unusable. One hypothesis is that the changes in quality are correlated with differences in the chemical and anatomical structure of the tissue. Therefore, a comparison of superior and inferior mouthpieces, used by professional musicians, was undertaken to determinate potential indicators of quality. Nuclear microprobe analysis of reeds was carried out and complemented by scanning electron and light microscopy. The elemental levels of Si, P, S, Cl, K and Ca were compared between good and poor mouthpieces using appropriate statistical tests. No statistically significant differences could be identified. Microscopical observations showed that partial occlusion of vessels by tylose formation was associated with material deemed unusable.},
  author       = {Glave, Stefan and Pallon, Jan and Bornman, Chris and Björn, Lars Olof and Wallén, Rita and Råstam, Jacob and Kristiansson, Per and Elfman, Mikael and Malmqvist, Klas},
  issn         = {0168-583X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-4},
  pages        = {673--678},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms},
  title        = {Quality indicators for woodwind reed material},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-583X(98)01025-8},
  volume       = {150},
  year         = {1999},
}