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A radiographic analysis of constriction locations for vowels

Wood, Sidney A J LU (1979) In Journal of Phonetics 7. p.25-43
Abstract
Vocal tract area functions estimated from 38 sets of X-rayed vowel articulations collected from the literature and from new X-ray motion films of English and Arabic speech reveal four constriction locations: along the hard palate, along the soft palate, in the upper pharynx and in the lower larynx. Each location is appropriate for a definable class of vowel qualities, confirming the quantal nature of at least this aspect of vowel articulation. The acoustical, physiological and phonological implications are discussed. In a given phonotactic environment the precision of the constricting tongue manoeuvre was good. The only truly language specific difference was a preference for either the midpalatal or prepalatal location for palatal... (More)
Vocal tract area functions estimated from 38 sets of X-rayed vowel articulations collected from the literature and from new X-ray motion films of English and Arabic speech reveal four constriction locations: along the hard palate, along the soft palate, in the upper pharynx and in the lower larynx. Each location is appropriate for a definable class of vowel qualities, confirming the quantal nature of at least this aspect of vowel articulation. The acoustical, physiological and phonological implications are discussed. In a given phonotactic environment the precision of the constricting tongue manoeuvre was good. The only truly language specific difference was a preference for either the midpalatal or prepalatal location for palatal constrictions. The tongue muscles are found to be admirably situated for creating constrictions at the four locations. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Phonetics
volume
7
pages
25 - 43
publisher
Academic Press
ISSN
0095-4470
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8b5b0744-5dc1-4b08-938a-4def0760fb5d (old id 135322)
date added to LUP
2007-07-30 09:00:03
date last changed
2016-08-03 09:42:33
@article{8b5b0744-5dc1-4b08-938a-4def0760fb5d,
  abstract     = {Vocal tract area functions estimated from 38 sets of X-rayed vowel articulations collected from the literature and from new X-ray motion films of English and Arabic speech reveal four constriction locations: along the hard palate, along the soft palate, in the upper pharynx and in the lower larynx. Each location is appropriate for a definable class of vowel qualities, confirming the quantal nature of at least this aspect of vowel articulation. The acoustical, physiological and phonological implications are discussed. In a given phonotactic environment the precision of the constricting tongue manoeuvre was good. The only truly language specific difference was a preference for either the midpalatal or prepalatal location for palatal constrictions. The tongue muscles are found to be admirably situated for creating constrictions at the four locations.},
  author       = {Wood, Sidney A J},
  issn         = {0095-4470},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {25--43},
  publisher    = {Academic Press},
  series       = {Journal of Phonetics},
  title        = {A radiographic analysis of constriction locations for vowels},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {1979},
}