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Factors regulating the recruitment of cyanobacterial and eukaryotic phytoplankton from littoral and profundal sediments

Rengefors, Karin LU ; Gustafsson, Susanne LU and Ståhl-Delbanco, Annika LU (2004) In Aquatic Microbial Ecology 36(3). p.213-226
Abstract
Many phytoplankton species produce resting cysts, forming 'seed banks' on lake sediments until they germinate and provide inocula (recruitment) for future pelagic populations. We have addressed the question of whether the littoral or the profundal zone provides the inoculum for planktonic populations in a eutrophic and dimictic lake (Lake Erken, Sweden). Our hypotheses were that high temperature, light, and sediment mixing would enhance recruitment. Also, we hypothesized that recruitment from littoral sediments would be greater than from profundal sediments. In situ recruitment traps were utilized to compare littoral and profundal recruitment, while laboratory experiments were performed to analyze which factors were most important. Seven... (More)
Many phytoplankton species produce resting cysts, forming 'seed banks' on lake sediments until they germinate and provide inocula (recruitment) for future pelagic populations. We have addressed the question of whether the littoral or the profundal zone provides the inoculum for planktonic populations in a eutrophic and dimictic lake (Lake Erken, Sweden). Our hypotheses were that high temperature, light, and sediment mixing would enhance recruitment. Also, we hypothesized that recruitment from littoral sediments would be greater than from profundal sediments. In situ recruitment traps were utilized to compare littoral and profundal recruitment, while laboratory experiments were performed to analyze which factors were most important. Seven common taxa were investigated: Asterionella formosa (Bacillariophyceae), Ceratium hirundinella (Dinophyceae), Microcystis botrys, M. wesenbergii, Anabaena sp., A. solitaria, and A. lemmermannii (Cyanobacteria). Our main findings were that light and sediment mixing were the most important factors in triggering and enhancing recruitment in the laboratory. Temperature and sediment origin (littoral/profundal) had a significant effect on recruitment only for A. lemmermannii and C. hirundinella, respectively. The field experiments showed that recruitment at the littoral site was much higher than at the profundal site, where little or no recruitment occurred. Together, these results strongly suggest that littoral sediments in temperate lakes provide inocula for most phytoplankton populations, likely due to favorable light conditions and high sediment mixing. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Aquatic Microbial Ecology
volume
36
issue
3
pages
213 - 226
publisher
Inter-Research
external identifiers
  • wos:000224897600002
  • scopus:6344284721
ISSN
0948-3055
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8c9fdcd1-ad4c-4453-8480-17dd2a0b0114 (old id 136606)
alternative location
http://www.int-res.com/articles/ame2004/36/a036p213.pdf
date added to LUP
2007-06-29 07:25:08
date last changed
2017-09-10 04:35:38
@article{8c9fdcd1-ad4c-4453-8480-17dd2a0b0114,
  abstract     = {Many phytoplankton species produce resting cysts, forming 'seed banks' on lake sediments until they germinate and provide inocula (recruitment) for future pelagic populations. We have addressed the question of whether the littoral or the profundal zone provides the inoculum for planktonic populations in a eutrophic and dimictic lake (Lake Erken, Sweden). Our hypotheses were that high temperature, light, and sediment mixing would enhance recruitment. Also, we hypothesized that recruitment from littoral sediments would be greater than from profundal sediments. In situ recruitment traps were utilized to compare littoral and profundal recruitment, while laboratory experiments were performed to analyze which factors were most important. Seven common taxa were investigated: Asterionella formosa (Bacillariophyceae), Ceratium hirundinella (Dinophyceae), Microcystis botrys, M. wesenbergii, Anabaena sp., A. solitaria, and A. lemmermannii (Cyanobacteria). Our main findings were that light and sediment mixing were the most important factors in triggering and enhancing recruitment in the laboratory. Temperature and sediment origin (littoral/profundal) had a significant effect on recruitment only for A. lemmermannii and C. hirundinella, respectively. The field experiments showed that recruitment at the littoral site was much higher than at the profundal site, where little or no recruitment occurred. Together, these results strongly suggest that littoral sediments in temperate lakes provide inocula for most phytoplankton populations, likely due to favorable light conditions and high sediment mixing.},
  author       = {Rengefors, Karin and Gustafsson, Susanne and Ståhl-Delbanco, Annika},
  issn         = {0948-3055},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {213--226},
  publisher    = {Inter-Research},
  series       = {Aquatic Microbial Ecology},
  title        = {Factors regulating the recruitment of cyanobacterial and eukaryotic phytoplankton from littoral and profundal sediments},
  volume       = {36},
  year         = {2004},
}