Advanced

The determination of ecological status in shallow lakes - a tested system (ECOFRAME) for implementation of the European Water Framework Directive

Moss, B; Stephen, D; Alvarez, C; Becares, E; Van de Bund, W; Collings, SE; Van Donk, E; De Eyto, E; Feldmann, T and Fernandez-Alaez, C, et al. (2003) In Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 13(6). p.507-549
Abstract
1. The European Water Framework Directive requires the determination of ecological status in European fresh and saline waters. This is to be through the establishment of a typology of surface water bodies, the determination of reference (high status) conditions in each element (ecotype) of the typology and of lower grades of status (good, moderate, poor and bad) for each ecotype. It then requires classification of the status of the water bodies and their restoration to at least 'good status' in a specified period. 2. Though there are many methods for assessing water quality, none has the scope of that defined in the Directive. The provisions of the Directive require a wide range of variables to be measured and give only general guidance as... (More)
1. The European Water Framework Directive requires the determination of ecological status in European fresh and saline waters. This is to be through the establishment of a typology of surface water bodies, the determination of reference (high status) conditions in each element (ecotype) of the typology and of lower grades of status (good, moderate, poor and bad) for each ecotype. It then requires classification of the status of the water bodies and their restoration to at least 'good status' in a specified period. 2. Though there are many methods for assessing water quality, none has the scope of that defined in the Directive. The provisions of the Directive require a wide range of variables to be measured and give only general guidance as to how systems of classification should be established. This raises issues of comparability across States and of the costs of making the determinations. 3. Using expert workshops and subsequent field testing, a practicable pan-European typology and classification system has been developed for shallow lakes, which can easily be extended to all lakes. It is parsimonious in its choice of determinands, but based on current limnological understanding and therefore as cost-effective as possible. 4. A core typology is described, which can be expanded easily in particular States to meet local conditions. The core includes 48 ecotypes across the entire European climate gradient and incorporates climate, lake area, geology of the catchment and conductivity. 5. The classification system is founded on a liberal interpretation of Annexes in the Directive and uses variables that are inexpensive to measure and ecologically relevant. The need for taxonomic expertise is minimized. 6. The scheme has been through eight iterations, two of which were tested in the field on tranches of 66 lakes. The final version, Version 8, is offered for operational testing and further refinement by statutory authorities. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
, et al. (More)
(Less)
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems
volume
13
issue
6
pages
507 - 549
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • wos:000187186900004
  • scopus:0344153404
DOI
10.1002/aqc.592
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
8231bdbd-3ed1-4391-b142-1ba73d0ada7a (old id 136725)
alternative location
http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-opus-48678
date added to LUP
2007-06-28 14:42:20
date last changed
2017-08-06 04:57:09
@article{8231bdbd-3ed1-4391-b142-1ba73d0ada7a,
  abstract     = {1. The European Water Framework Directive requires the determination of ecological status in European fresh and saline waters. This is to be through the establishment of a typology of surface water bodies, the determination of reference (high status) conditions in each element (ecotype) of the typology and of lower grades of status (good, moderate, poor and bad) for each ecotype. It then requires classification of the status of the water bodies and their restoration to at least 'good status' in a specified period. 2. Though there are many methods for assessing water quality, none has the scope of that defined in the Directive. The provisions of the Directive require a wide range of variables to be measured and give only general guidance as to how systems of classification should be established. This raises issues of comparability across States and of the costs of making the determinations. 3. Using expert workshops and subsequent field testing, a practicable pan-European typology and classification system has been developed for shallow lakes, which can easily be extended to all lakes. It is parsimonious in its choice of determinands, but based on current limnological understanding and therefore as cost-effective as possible. 4. A core typology is described, which can be expanded easily in particular States to meet local conditions. The core includes 48 ecotypes across the entire European climate gradient and incorporates climate, lake area, geology of the catchment and conductivity. 5. The classification system is founded on a liberal interpretation of Annexes in the Directive and uses variables that are inexpensive to measure and ecologically relevant. The need for taxonomic expertise is minimized. 6. The scheme has been through eight iterations, two of which were tested in the field on tranches of 66 lakes. The final version, Version 8, is offered for operational testing and further refinement by statutory authorities.},
  author       = {Moss, B and Stephen, D and Alvarez, C and Becares, E and Van de Bund, W and Collings, SE and Van Donk, E and De Eyto, E and Feldmann, T and Fernandez-Alaez, C and Fernandez-Alaez, M and Franken, RJM and Garcia-Criado, F and Gross, EM and Gyllström, Mikael and Hansson, Lars-Anders and Irvine, K and Järvalt, A and Jensen, JP and Jeppesen, E and Kairesalo, T and Kornijow, R and Krause, T and Kunnap, H and Laas, A and Lille, E and Lorens, B and Luup, H and Miracle, MR and Noges, P and Noges, T and Nykänen, M and Ott, I and Peczula, W and Peeters, ETHM and Phillips, G and Romo, S and Russell, V and Salujoe, J and Scheffer, M and Siewertsen, K and Smal, H and Tesch, C and Timm, H and Tuvikene, L and Tonno, I and Virro, T and Vicente, E and Wilson, D},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {507--549},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems},
  title        = {The determination of ecological status in shallow lakes - a tested system (ECOFRAME) for implementation of the European Water Framework Directive},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aqc.592},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2003},
}