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Gender aspects on heart failure incidence and mortality in a middle-aged, urban, community-based population sample: the Malmö preventive project.

Tasevska, Gordana LU ; Kennedy, Linn LU ; Nilsson, P and Willenheimer, Ronnie LU (2009) In European Journal of Epidemiology 24. p.249-257
Abstract
There is little epidemiological data on heart failure (HF) in the younger age groups dominating clinical HF trials. We assessed gender-specific long-term HF incidence and mortality in an urban community-based sample of middle-aged subjects. Between 1974 and 1992, 33,342 HF-free subjects (10,900 [32.7%] women, mean age 45.7 +/- 7.4 years) were included in the Malmö Preventive Project, on average 21.7 +/- 4.3 years before study end. Patients hospitalised for or dying of HF were categorised as HF patients, and 120 (1.1%) women versus 644 (2.9%) men experienced HF: 6.0 vs. 12.3 cases per 10,000 person years; hazard ratio [HR] 0.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.50-0.74, P < 0.0001. Among all subjects, women compared with men had lower... (More)
There is little epidemiological data on heart failure (HF) in the younger age groups dominating clinical HF trials. We assessed gender-specific long-term HF incidence and mortality in an urban community-based sample of middle-aged subjects. Between 1974 and 1992, 33,342 HF-free subjects (10,900 [32.7%] women, mean age 45.7 +/- 7.4 years) were included in the Malmö Preventive Project, on average 21.7 +/- 4.3 years before study end. Patients hospitalised for or dying of HF were categorised as HF patients, and 120 (1.1%) women versus 644 (2.9%) men experienced HF: 6.0 vs. 12.3 cases per 10,000 person years; hazard ratio [HR] 0.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.50-0.74, P < 0.0001. Among all subjects, women compared with men had lower all-cause (49.3 vs. 84.0 cases per 10,000 person years; HR 0.68, 95% CI 0.64-0.73, P < 0.0001) and HF-related (2.6 vs. 7.4 cases per 10,000 person years; HR 0.50, 95% CI 0.37-0.67, P < 0.0001) mortality risk. Female and male HF patients had similar age-adjusted mortality risk: 1,314 vs. 1,602 cases per 10,000 patient years; HR 0.78, 95% CI 0.58-1.07, P = 0.12. Among HF patients, 55.3% of deaths in women and 40.6% in men were non-cardiovascular, and only 7.9% deaths were due to HF. In conclusion: In a middle-aged, urban, community-based sample, women had lower risk of HF, all-cause death and HF-related death over two decades of follow-up. Female and male HF patients had similar mortality risk after the diagnosis of HF. In these comparatively young HF patients, few deaths were due to HF and more than 4 out of 10 deaths were non -cardiovascular. (Less)
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published
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in
European Journal of Epidemiology
volume
24
pages
249 - 257
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • wos:000265523400005
  • pmid:19267248
  • scopus:67349163553
ISSN
1573-7284
DOI
10.1007/s10654-009-9320-4
language
English
LU publication?
yes
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b284864f-c98b-4ee3-b870-1bdda8f5e026 (old id 1367977)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19267248?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-04-03 12:38:05
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:33:24
@article{b284864f-c98b-4ee3-b870-1bdda8f5e026,
  abstract     = {There is little epidemiological data on heart failure (HF) in the younger age groups dominating clinical HF trials. We assessed gender-specific long-term HF incidence and mortality in an urban community-based sample of middle-aged subjects. Between 1974 and 1992, 33,342 HF-free subjects (10,900 [32.7%] women, mean age 45.7 +/- 7.4 years) were included in the Malmö Preventive Project, on average 21.7 +/- 4.3 years before study end. Patients hospitalised for or dying of HF were categorised as HF patients, and 120 (1.1%) women versus 644 (2.9%) men experienced HF: 6.0 vs. 12.3 cases per 10,000 person years; hazard ratio [HR] 0.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.50-0.74, P &lt; 0.0001. Among all subjects, women compared with men had lower all-cause (49.3 vs. 84.0 cases per 10,000 person years; HR 0.68, 95% CI 0.64-0.73, P &lt; 0.0001) and HF-related (2.6 vs. 7.4 cases per 10,000 person years; HR 0.50, 95% CI 0.37-0.67, P &lt; 0.0001) mortality risk. Female and male HF patients had similar age-adjusted mortality risk: 1,314 vs. 1,602 cases per 10,000 patient years; HR 0.78, 95% CI 0.58-1.07, P = 0.12. Among HF patients, 55.3% of deaths in women and 40.6% in men were non-cardiovascular, and only 7.9% deaths were due to HF. In conclusion: In a middle-aged, urban, community-based sample, women had lower risk of HF, all-cause death and HF-related death over two decades of follow-up. Female and male HF patients had similar mortality risk after the diagnosis of HF. In these comparatively young HF patients, few deaths were due to HF and more than 4 out of 10 deaths were non -cardiovascular.},
  author       = {Tasevska, Gordana and Kennedy, Linn and Nilsson, P and Willenheimer, Ronnie},
  issn         = {1573-7284},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {249--257},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {European Journal of Epidemiology},
  title        = {Gender aspects on heart failure incidence and mortality in a middle-aged, urban, community-based population sample: the Malmö preventive project.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10654-009-9320-4},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2009},
}