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Dealing with Economic Stress Through Migration: Lessons from Nineteenth Century Rural Sweden

Dribe, Martin LU (2003) In European Review of Economic History 7(3). p.271-299
Abstract
Preindustrial society was characterised by vast uncertainties due to harvest failures and fluctuations in prices of basic commodities. These economic fluctuations had severe effects on the standard of living, especially for the poorer segments of the population, as shown for instance, by the increased mortality following economic crises. This article examines the extent to which migration could be used as a measure to deal with economic stress by sending individual family members away, or relocating the entire family. A micro-level approach is taken, where a longitudinal dataset at the individual level is used in the analysis of a rural community in southern Sweden for the period 1829–1866. The results show that landless people did not... (More)
Preindustrial society was characterised by vast uncertainties due to harvest failures and fluctuations in prices of basic commodities. These economic fluctuations had severe effects on the standard of living, especially for the poorer segments of the population, as shown for instance, by the increased mortality following economic crises. This article examines the extent to which migration could be used as a measure to deal with economic stress by sending individual family members away, or relocating the entire family. A micro-level approach is taken, where a longitudinal dataset at the individual level is used in the analysis of a rural community in southern Sweden for the period 1829–1866. The results show that landless people did not move in response to economic stress, most likely because of the lack of available alternatives and prohibitively high costs of long-range migration. Thus, migration does not appear to have been an effective way of dealing with economic stress in this preindustrial rural community. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Review of Economic History
volume
7
issue
3
pages
271 - 299
publisher
Cambridge University Press
external identifiers
  • Scopus:1642398699
ISSN
1474-0044
DOI
10.1017/S1361491603000108
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
b8f06caf-76fb-4fe0-a6c7-317ca13a74e4 (old id 1385678)
alternative location
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayIssue?jid=ERE&volumeId=7&issueId=03#
date added to LUP
2009-04-20 12:27:18
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:15:54
@article{b8f06caf-76fb-4fe0-a6c7-317ca13a74e4,
  abstract     = {Preindustrial society was characterised by vast uncertainties due to harvest failures and fluctuations in prices of basic commodities. These economic fluctuations had severe effects on the standard of living, especially for the poorer segments of the population, as shown for instance, by the increased mortality following economic crises. This article examines the extent to which migration could be used as a measure to deal with economic stress by sending individual family members away, or relocating the entire family. A micro-level approach is taken, where a longitudinal dataset at the individual level is used in the analysis of a rural community in southern Sweden for the period 1829–1866. The results show that landless people did not move in response to economic stress, most likely because of the lack of available alternatives and prohibitively high costs of long-range migration. Thus, migration does not appear to have been an effective way of dealing with economic stress in this preindustrial rural community.},
  author       = {Dribe, Martin},
  issn         = {1474-0044},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {271--299},
  publisher    = {Cambridge University Press},
  series       = {European Review of Economic History},
  title        = {Dealing with Economic Stress Through Migration: Lessons from Nineteenth Century Rural Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1361491603000108},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2003},
}