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Somatostatin, misoprostol and galanin inhibit gastrin- and PACAP-stimulated secretion of histamine and pancreastatin from ECL cells by blocking specific Ca(2+) channels.

Björkqvist, Maria LU ; Lundgren, Maria LU ; Eliasson, Lena LU ; Håkanson, Rolf LU and Lindström, Erik (2005) In Regulatory Peptides 130(1-2). p.81-90
Abstract
The oxyntic mucosa is rich in ECL cells. They secrete histamine and chromogranin A-derived peptides, such as pancreastatin, in response to gastrin and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP). Secretion is initiated by Ca2+ entry. While gastrin stimulates secretion by opening L-type and N-type Ca2+ channels, PACAP stimulates secretion by activating L-type and receptor-operated Ca2+ channels. Somatostatin, galanin and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) inhibit gastrin- and PACAP-stimulated secretion from the ECL cells. In the present study, somatostatin and the PGE2 congener misoprostol inhibited gastrin- and PACAP-stimulated secretion 100%, while galanin inhibited at most 60–65%. Bay K 8644, a specific activator of L-type Ca2+ channels,... (More)
The oxyntic mucosa is rich in ECL cells. They secrete histamine and chromogranin A-derived peptides, such as pancreastatin, in response to gastrin and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP). Secretion is initiated by Ca2+ entry. While gastrin stimulates secretion by opening L-type and N-type Ca2+ channels, PACAP stimulates secretion by activating L-type and receptor-operated Ca2+ channels. Somatostatin, galanin and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) inhibit gastrin- and PACAP-stimulated secretion from the ECL cells. In the present study, somatostatin and the PGE2 congener misoprostol inhibited gastrin- and PACAP-stimulated secretion 100%, while galanin inhibited at most 60–65%. Bay K 8644, a specific activator of L-type Ca2+ channels, stimulated ECL-cell secretion, an effect that was inhibited equally effectively by somatostatin, misoprostol and galanin (75–80% inhibition). Pretreatment with pertussis toxin, that inactivates inhibitory G-proteins, prevented all three agents from inhibiting stimulated secretion (regardless of the stimulus). Pretreatment with nifedipine (10 μM), an L-type Ca2+ channel blocker, reduced PACAP-evoked pancreastatin secretion by 50–60%, gastrin-evoked secretion by not, vert, similar 80% and abolished the response to Bay K 8644. The nifedipine-resistant response to PACAP was abolished by somatostatin and misoprostol but not by galanin. Gastrin and PACAP raised the intracellular Ca2+ concentration in a biphasic manner, believed to reflect mobilization of internal Ca2+ followed by Ca2+ entry. Somatostatin and misoprostol blocked Ca2+ entry (and histamine and pancreastatin secretion) but not mobilization of internal Ca2+.



The present observations on isolated ECL cells suggest that Ca2+ entry rather than mobilization of internal Ca2+ triggers exocytosis, that gastrin and PACAP activate different (but over-lapping) Ca2+ channels, that somatostatin, misoprostol and galanin interact with inhibitory G-proteins to block Ca2+ entry via L-type Ca2+ channels, and that somatostatin and misoprostol (but not galanin) in addition block N-type and/or receptor-operated Ca2+ channels. (Less)
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organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Gastrin, PACAP, Bay K 8644, PRL-2903, Galanin, Somatostatin, PGE2, Misoprostol
in
Regulatory Peptides
volume
130
issue
1-2
pages
81 - 90
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000230973700012
  • pmid:15935492
  • scopus:22044443032
ISSN
1873-1686
DOI
10.1016/j.regpep.2005.04.002
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
13b9175d-c4d9-403d-9de9-ac4cde1b4835 (old id 140255)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15935492
date added to LUP
2007-07-10 14:30:11
date last changed
2017-10-01 03:56:45
@article{13b9175d-c4d9-403d-9de9-ac4cde1b4835,
  abstract     = {The oxyntic mucosa is rich in ECL cells. They secrete histamine and chromogranin A-derived peptides, such as pancreastatin, in response to gastrin and pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP). Secretion is initiated by Ca2+ entry. While gastrin stimulates secretion by opening L-type and N-type Ca2+ channels, PACAP stimulates secretion by activating L-type and receptor-operated Ca2+ channels. Somatostatin, galanin and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) inhibit gastrin- and PACAP-stimulated secretion from the ECL cells. In the present study, somatostatin and the PGE2 congener misoprostol inhibited gastrin- and PACAP-stimulated secretion 100%, while galanin inhibited at most 60–65%. Bay K 8644, a specific activator of L-type Ca2+ channels, stimulated ECL-cell secretion, an effect that was inhibited equally effectively by somatostatin, misoprostol and galanin (75–80% inhibition). Pretreatment with pertussis toxin, that inactivates inhibitory G-proteins, prevented all three agents from inhibiting stimulated secretion (regardless of the stimulus). Pretreatment with nifedipine (10 μM), an L-type Ca2+ channel blocker, reduced PACAP-evoked pancreastatin secretion by 50–60%, gastrin-evoked secretion by not, vert, similar 80% and abolished the response to Bay K 8644. The nifedipine-resistant response to PACAP was abolished by somatostatin and misoprostol but not by galanin. Gastrin and PACAP raised the intracellular Ca2+ concentration in a biphasic manner, believed to reflect mobilization of internal Ca2+ followed by Ca2+ entry. Somatostatin and misoprostol blocked Ca2+ entry (and histamine and pancreastatin secretion) but not mobilization of internal Ca2+.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The present observations on isolated ECL cells suggest that Ca2+ entry rather than mobilization of internal Ca2+ triggers exocytosis, that gastrin and PACAP activate different (but over-lapping) Ca2+ channels, that somatostatin, misoprostol and galanin interact with inhibitory G-proteins to block Ca2+ entry via L-type Ca2+ channels, and that somatostatin and misoprostol (but not galanin) in addition block N-type and/or receptor-operated Ca2+ channels.},
  author       = {Björkqvist, Maria and Lundgren, Maria and Eliasson, Lena and Håkanson, Rolf and Lindström, Erik},
  issn         = {1873-1686},
  keyword      = {Gastrin,PACAP,Bay K 8644,PRL-2903,Galanin,Somatostatin,PGE2,Misoprostol},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1-2},
  pages        = {81--90},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Regulatory Peptides},
  title        = {Somatostatin, misoprostol and galanin inhibit gastrin- and PACAP-stimulated secretion of histamine and pancreastatin from ECL cells by blocking specific Ca(2+) channels.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.regpep.2005.04.002},
  volume       = {130},
  year         = {2005},
}