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6-Thioguanine therapy in Crohn's disease-Observational data in Swedish patients

Almer, S. H. C. ; Hjortswang, H. and Hindorf, Ulf LU (2009) In Digestive and Liver Disease 41(3). p.194-200
Abstract
Background and aims. Adverse events (AE) leading to discontinuation or dose-reduction of thiopurine therapy (TP) occur in 9-28% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. 6-Thioguanine (6-TG) has been proposed as an alternative treatment in patients intolerant for azathioprine (AZA), but some concerns have been raised about drug safety. Methods. We evaluated in a prospective manner the tolerance and efficacy of 6-TG in 23 Crohn's disease (CD) patients (13 men, median age 41 (19-65) years) with prior intolerance (n = 18) or resistance (It = 5) to AZA and/or 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP). In addition, eight patients had tried mycophenolate mofetil. Seventeen patients (74%) had undergone intestinal resection, often several times. Results.... (More)
Background and aims. Adverse events (AE) leading to discontinuation or dose-reduction of thiopurine therapy (TP) occur in 9-28% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. 6-Thioguanine (6-TG) has been proposed as an alternative treatment in patients intolerant for azathioprine (AZA), but some concerns have been raised about drug safety. Methods. We evaluated in a prospective manner the tolerance and efficacy of 6-TG in 23 Crohn's disease (CD) patients (13 men, median age 41 (19-65) years) with prior intolerance (n = 18) or resistance (It = 5) to AZA and/or 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP). In addition, eight patients had tried mycophenolate mofetil. Seventeen patients (74%) had undergone intestinal resection, often several times. Results. Patients were treated with a median daily dose of 40 mg 6-TG (range 20-60) for 259 (15-2272) days. Seven of 13 patients (54%) with active disease went into remission after 8 (4-26) weeks. Sixteen patients (70%) experienced AE that lead to discontinuation (n=10) after 85 (15-451) days or dose reduction (n=6) after 78 (10-853) days. Ten of 18 patients (56%) with prior TP-intolerance discontinued 6-TG treatment due to AE compared to none of five patients with TP-resistance (p=0.046). Of 13 patients that tolerated 6-TG, eight discontinued the drug due to therapeutic failure (n=5) or safety concerns (n=3). Eight patients (35%) continued treatment beyond 12 months. There was no significant difference in maximum thioguanine nucleotide levels between patients with AE leading to discontinuation/dose reduction and patients without AE, 652 (99-2488) vs. 551 (392-1574) pmol/8 x 10(8) RBC; p=0.80. Conclusions. In this cohort of CD patients with severe disease failing traditional thiopurine treatment, a small fraction (22%) had long-term benefit of 6-TG-treatment. 6-TG therapy seems to offer a limited therapeutic gain for patients intolerant to both AZA and 6-MP and other treatment options should be considered. (C) 2008 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
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publication status
published
subject
keywords
Thiopurine drugs, 6-thioguanine, Inflammatory bowel disease, toxicity, Drug
in
Digestive and Liver Disease
volume
41
issue
3
pages
194 - 200
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000264228700003
  • scopus:60649106530
ISSN
1590-8658
DOI
10.1016/j.dld.2008.07.314
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
11902a6e-7a1d-4f32-adae-be88ae82149f (old id 1404940)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 11:33:41
date last changed
2021-09-22 02:35:25
@article{11902a6e-7a1d-4f32-adae-be88ae82149f,
  abstract     = {Background and aims. Adverse events (AE) leading to discontinuation or dose-reduction of thiopurine therapy (TP) occur in 9-28% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. 6-Thioguanine (6-TG) has been proposed as an alternative treatment in patients intolerant for azathioprine (AZA), but some concerns have been raised about drug safety. Methods. We evaluated in a prospective manner the tolerance and efficacy of 6-TG in 23 Crohn's disease (CD) patients (13 men, median age 41 (19-65) years) with prior intolerance (n = 18) or resistance (It = 5) to AZA and/or 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP). In addition, eight patients had tried mycophenolate mofetil. Seventeen patients (74%) had undergone intestinal resection, often several times. Results. Patients were treated with a median daily dose of 40 mg 6-TG (range 20-60) for 259 (15-2272) days. Seven of 13 patients (54%) with active disease went into remission after 8 (4-26) weeks. Sixteen patients (70%) experienced AE that lead to discontinuation (n=10) after 85 (15-451) days or dose reduction (n=6) after 78 (10-853) days. Ten of 18 patients (56%) with prior TP-intolerance discontinued 6-TG treatment due to AE compared to none of five patients with TP-resistance (p=0.046). Of 13 patients that tolerated 6-TG, eight discontinued the drug due to therapeutic failure (n=5) or safety concerns (n=3). Eight patients (35%) continued treatment beyond 12 months. There was no significant difference in maximum thioguanine nucleotide levels between patients with AE leading to discontinuation/dose reduction and patients without AE, 652 (99-2488) vs. 551 (392-1574) pmol/8 x 10(8) RBC; p=0.80. Conclusions. In this cohort of CD patients with severe disease failing traditional thiopurine treatment, a small fraction (22%) had long-term benefit of 6-TG-treatment. 6-TG therapy seems to offer a limited therapeutic gain for patients intolerant to both AZA and 6-MP and other treatment options should be considered. (C) 2008 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Almer, S. H. C. and Hjortswang, H. and Hindorf, Ulf},
  issn         = {1590-8658},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {194--200},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Digestive and Liver Disease},
  title        = {6-Thioguanine therapy in Crohn's disease-Observational data in Swedish patients},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2008.07.314},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.dld.2008.07.314},
  volume       = {41},
  year         = {2009},
}