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Extraterrestrial chromite in latest Maastrichtian and Paleocene pelagic limestone at Gubbio, Italy: The flux of unmelted ordinary chondrites

Cronholm, Anders LU and Schmitz, Birger LU (2007) In Meteoritics and Planetary Science 42(12). p.2099-2109
Abstract
The distribution of sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial (ordinary chondritic) chromite (EC) grains (>63 pm) has been studied across the latest Maastrichtian and Paleocene in the Bottaccione Gorge section at Gubbio, Italy. This section is ideal for determining the accumulation rate of EC because of its condensed nature and well-constrained sedimentation rates. In a total of 210 kg of limestone representing eight samples of 14-28 kg distributed across 24 m of the Bottaccione section, only 6 EC grains were found (an average of 0.03 EC grains kg(-1)). In addition, one probable pallasitic chromite grain was found. No EC grains could be found in two samples at the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary, which is consistent with the K-T boundary... (More)
The distribution of sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial (ordinary chondritic) chromite (EC) grains (>63 pm) has been studied across the latest Maastrichtian and Paleocene in the Bottaccione Gorge section at Gubbio, Italy. This section is ideal for determining the accumulation rate of EC because of its condensed nature and well-constrained sedimentation rates. In a total of 210 kg of limestone representing eight samples of 14-28 kg distributed across 24 m of the Bottaccione section, only 6 EC grains were found (an average of 0.03 EC grains kg(-1)). In addition, one probable pallasitic chromite grain was found. No EC grains could be found in two samples at the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary, which is consistent with the K-T boundary impactor being a carbonaceous chondrite or comet low in chromite. The average influx of EC to Earth is calculated to similar to 0.26 grain m(-2) kyr(-1). This corresponds to a total flux of similar to 200 tons of extraterrestrial matter per year, compared to similar to 30,000 tons per year, as estimated from Os isotopes in deep-sea sediments. The difference is explained by the EC grains representing only unmelted ordinary chondritic matter, predominantly in the size range from similar to 0.1 mm to a few centimeters in diameter. Sedimentary EC grains can thus give important information on the extent to which micrometeorites and small meteorites survive the passage through the atmosphere. The average of 0.03 EC grain kg(-1) in the Gubbio limestone contrasts with the up to similar to 3 EC grains kg(-1) in mid-Ordovician limestone that formed after the disruption of the L chondrite parent body in the asteroid belt at similar to 470 Ma. The two types of limestone were deposited at about the same rate, and the difference in EC abundance gives support for an increase by two orders of magnitude in the flux of chondritic matter directly after the asteroid breakup. (Less)
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Contribution to journal
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published
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in
Meteoritics and Planetary Science
volume
42
issue
12
pages
2099 - 2109
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000254941000006
  • scopus:43149102261
ISSN
1086-9379
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
304ebfe4-8cc1-44eb-a52e-e049dd4bdb7a (old id 1407313)
alternative location
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=2007M%26PS...42.2099C&link_type=ARTICLE&db_key=AST&high=
date added to LUP
2009-06-02 15:25:01
date last changed
2017-09-10 04:29:13
@article{304ebfe4-8cc1-44eb-a52e-e049dd4bdb7a,
  abstract     = {The distribution of sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial (ordinary chondritic) chromite (EC) grains (>63 pm) has been studied across the latest Maastrichtian and Paleocene in the Bottaccione Gorge section at Gubbio, Italy. This section is ideal for determining the accumulation rate of EC because of its condensed nature and well-constrained sedimentation rates. In a total of 210 kg of limestone representing eight samples of 14-28 kg distributed across 24 m of the Bottaccione section, only 6 EC grains were found (an average of 0.03 EC grains kg(-1)). In addition, one probable pallasitic chromite grain was found. No EC grains could be found in two samples at the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary, which is consistent with the K-T boundary impactor being a carbonaceous chondrite or comet low in chromite. The average influx of EC to Earth is calculated to similar to 0.26 grain m(-2) kyr(-1). This corresponds to a total flux of similar to 200 tons of extraterrestrial matter per year, compared to similar to 30,000 tons per year, as estimated from Os isotopes in deep-sea sediments. The difference is explained by the EC grains representing only unmelted ordinary chondritic matter, predominantly in the size range from similar to 0.1 mm to a few centimeters in diameter. Sedimentary EC grains can thus give important information on the extent to which micrometeorites and small meteorites survive the passage through the atmosphere. The average of 0.03 EC grain kg(-1) in the Gubbio limestone contrasts with the up to similar to 3 EC grains kg(-1) in mid-Ordovician limestone that formed after the disruption of the L chondrite parent body in the asteroid belt at similar to 470 Ma. The two types of limestone were deposited at about the same rate, and the difference in EC abundance gives support for an increase by two orders of magnitude in the flux of chondritic matter directly after the asteroid breakup.},
  author       = {Cronholm, Anders and Schmitz, Birger},
  issn         = {1086-9379},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {2099--2109},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Meteoritics and Planetary Science},
  title        = {Extraterrestrial chromite in latest Maastrichtian and Paleocene pelagic limestone at Gubbio, Italy: The flux of unmelted ordinary chondrites},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2007},
}