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Snuff use associated with abdominal obesity in former smokers.

Sundbeck, Mats; Grahn, Mathias LU ; Lönngren, Vincent; Månsson, Nils-Ove LU ; Råstam, Lennart LU and Lindblad, Ulf LU (2009) In Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 37. p.487-493
Abstract
Abstract Aim: To describe the consumption of snuff in a rural male population and to explore associations between snuff use and obesity. Participants and Methods: Tobacco use was explored in 834 men aged 30-75 years old who participated in a cross-sectional population survey in the municipality of Vara (participation rate was 81%). Self-reported questionnaires assessed the habits of smoking and snuff use. Anthropometric measures were obtained during a health examination. Results: Of these men 21% (n = 179) were snuff users, 13% (n = 109) current smokers, and 65% (n = 546) were non-users. Of all snuff users 65% (n = 116) were former smokers, and 35% (n = 63) were exclusive snuff users (current users who never smoked). Among non-users 65% (n... (More)
Abstract Aim: To describe the consumption of snuff in a rural male population and to explore associations between snuff use and obesity. Participants and Methods: Tobacco use was explored in 834 men aged 30-75 years old who participated in a cross-sectional population survey in the municipality of Vara (participation rate was 81%). Self-reported questionnaires assessed the habits of smoking and snuff use. Anthropometric measures were obtained during a health examination. Results: Of these men 21% (n = 179) were snuff users, 13% (n = 109) current smokers, and 65% (n = 546) were non-users. Of all snuff users 65% (n = 116) were former smokers, and 35% (n = 63) were exclusive snuff users (current users who never smoked). Among non-users 65% (n = 357) were never users and 35% (n = 189) had quit smoking without nicotine substitution. These men were characterized by abdominal obesity; OR 1.84 (1.08-3.12) (p = 0.002) (WHR >1.0) and OR 1.71 (1.08-2.72) (p = 0.022) (waist circumference >102 cm). One can/week use of snuff among ex-smokers was associated with a 1.21 cm wider (0.05-2.36) (p = 0.041) waist circumference and 0.01 (0.00-0.02) units higher (p = 0.021) WHR. There were statistically significant associations between former smoking without current nicotine substitute and both general and abdominal obesity. No similar association with abdominal obesity was seen among exclusive snuff users. CONCLUSIONS: Abdominal obesity in current snuff users is limited to former smokers. The remaining effect of previous smoking has to be considered in future studies on obesity and related disorders in snuff users. Counselling among people who substitute snuff for smoking should include measures to prevent weight gain. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
volume
37
pages
487 - 493
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • WOS:000267558100007
  • PMID:19451197
  • Scopus:67651085114
ISSN
1651-1905
DOI
10.1177/1403494809105546
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
621bc77a-ab3c-4fda-9069-8d34ae41417d (old id 1412184)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19451197?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-06-04 09:01:11
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:50:03
@article{621bc77a-ab3c-4fda-9069-8d34ae41417d,
  abstract     = {Abstract Aim: To describe the consumption of snuff in a rural male population and to explore associations between snuff use and obesity. Participants and Methods: Tobacco use was explored in 834 men aged 30-75 years old who participated in a cross-sectional population survey in the municipality of Vara (participation rate was 81%). Self-reported questionnaires assessed the habits of smoking and snuff use. Anthropometric measures were obtained during a health examination. Results: Of these men 21% (n = 179) were snuff users, 13% (n = 109) current smokers, and 65% (n = 546) were non-users. Of all snuff users 65% (n = 116) were former smokers, and 35% (n = 63) were exclusive snuff users (current users who never smoked). Among non-users 65% (n = 357) were never users and 35% (n = 189) had quit smoking without nicotine substitution. These men were characterized by abdominal obesity; OR 1.84 (1.08-3.12) (p = 0.002) (WHR >1.0) and OR 1.71 (1.08-2.72) (p = 0.022) (waist circumference >102 cm). One can/week use of snuff among ex-smokers was associated with a 1.21 cm wider (0.05-2.36) (p = 0.041) waist circumference and 0.01 (0.00-0.02) units higher (p = 0.021) WHR. There were statistically significant associations between former smoking without current nicotine substitute and both general and abdominal obesity. No similar association with abdominal obesity was seen among exclusive snuff users. CONCLUSIONS: Abdominal obesity in current snuff users is limited to former smokers. The remaining effect of previous smoking has to be considered in future studies on obesity and related disorders in snuff users. Counselling among people who substitute snuff for smoking should include measures to prevent weight gain.},
  author       = {Sundbeck, Mats and Grahn, Mathias and Lönngren, Vincent and Månsson, Nils-Ove and Råstam, Lennart and Lindblad, Ulf},
  issn         = {1651-1905},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {487--493},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Public Health},
  title        = {Snuff use associated with abdominal obesity in former smokers.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494809105546},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2009},
}