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Aphasia and Computerised Writing Aid Supported Treatment

Behrns, Ingrid; Hartelius, Lena and Wengelin, Åsa LU (2009) In Aphasiology 23(10). p.1276-1294
Abstract (Swedish)
Abstract in Undetermined

Background: Individuals with aphasia often experience difficulties in writing. Word processors with a spell checker and a grammar checker can compensate for some of the writing difficulties associated with aphasia. Aims: To determine if writing difficulties associated with aphasia may be reduced by the use of a computerised writing aid when training patients. Methods Procedures: The writing aids used in this study were originally designed specifically for persons with developmental reading and writing difficulties and are based on statistics of frequent misspellings and phonotactic rules. Three participants with aphasia selected one of two offered writing aids. Written production during treatment... (More)
Abstract in Undetermined

Background: Individuals with aphasia often experience difficulties in writing. Word processors with a spell checker and a grammar checker can compensate for some of the writing difficulties associated with aphasia. Aims: To determine if writing difficulties associated with aphasia may be reduced by the use of a computerised writing aid when training patients. Methods Procedures: The writing aids used in this study were originally designed specifically for persons with developmental reading and writing difficulties and are based on statistics of frequent misspellings and phonotactic rules. Three participants with aphasia selected one of two offered writing aids. Written production during treatment and evaluation was recorded and analysed by keystroke logging. The study had a single-subject ABA design replicated across three participants. The baseline (A) was established by measuring four dependent variables. During a 9-week intervention phase (B) the dependent variables were measured once a week. A follow-up (A) was done 10 months after the training was finished. The dependent variables were: total number of words in a writing task; proportion of correctly written words; words per minute; proportion of successful edits. The results were analysed both visually and by statistical calculations. Outcomes Results: All participants experienced a positive improvement in their writing ability. Results showed individual differences; after completed training the first participant made more successful edits, the second wrote more words, had a larger proportion of correctly written words, and made more successful edits. The third participant's results did not show any improvement that could be statistically supported. Conclusions: This study showed that the computerised training facilitated the generating process and made the revision process more efficient for the participants. The results are important in that they indicate possible ways of designing writing treatment. However, they also show the need for careful analyses when evaluating different treatment strategies and in discussing what improved writing ability may be. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Aphasia, Writing process, Writing difficulties, Computerised writing, Aids, Treatment, Keystroke logging
in
Aphasiology
volume
23
issue
10
pages
1276 - 1294
publisher
Psychology Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000269542400005
  • scopus:70349133098
ISSN
1464-5041
DOI
10.1080/02687030802436892
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
22e9a3ba-a5bb-4f74-a5a4-214cf31a2721 (old id 1418510)
alternative location
http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~db=all~content=a908036918~fulltext=713240930
date added to LUP
2009-06-11 08:58:28
date last changed
2017-06-25 03:27:21
@article{22e9a3ba-a5bb-4f74-a5a4-214cf31a2721,
  abstract     = {<b>Abstract in Undetermined</b><br/><br>
Background: Individuals with aphasia often experience difficulties in writing. Word processors with a spell checker and a grammar checker can compensate for some of the writing difficulties associated with aphasia. Aims: To determine if writing difficulties associated with aphasia may be reduced by the use of a computerised writing aid when training patients. Methods Procedures: The writing aids used in this study were originally designed specifically for persons with developmental reading and writing difficulties and are based on statistics of frequent misspellings and phonotactic rules. Three participants with aphasia selected one of two offered writing aids. Written production during treatment and evaluation was recorded and analysed by keystroke logging. The study had a single-subject ABA design replicated across three participants. The baseline (A) was established by measuring four dependent variables. During a 9-week intervention phase (B) the dependent variables were measured once a week. A follow-up (A) was done 10 months after the training was finished. The dependent variables were: total number of words in a writing task; proportion of correctly written words; words per minute; proportion of successful edits. The results were analysed both visually and by statistical calculations. Outcomes Results: All participants experienced a positive improvement in their writing ability. Results showed individual differences; after completed training the first participant made more successful edits, the second wrote more words, had a larger proportion of correctly written words, and made more successful edits. The third participant's results did not show any improvement that could be statistically supported. Conclusions: This study showed that the computerised training facilitated the generating process and made the revision process more efficient for the participants. The results are important in that they indicate possible ways of designing writing treatment. However, they also show the need for careful analyses when evaluating different treatment strategies and in discussing what improved writing ability may be.},
  author       = {Behrns, Ingrid and Hartelius, Lena and Wengelin, Åsa},
  issn         = {1464-5041},
  keyword      = {Aphasia,Writing process,Writing difficulties,Computerised writing,Aids,Treatment,Keystroke logging},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {1276--1294},
  publisher    = {Psychology Press},
  series       = {Aphasiology},
  title        = {Aphasia and Computerised Writing Aid Supported Treatment},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02687030802436892},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2009},
}