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Reappraisal of the intravenous glucose tolerance index for a simple assessment of insulin sensitivity in mice

Pacini, Giovanni; Ahren, Maria and Ahrén, Bo LU (2009) In American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 296(5). p.1316-1324
Abstract
Pacini G, Ahren M, Ahren B. Reappraisal of the intravenous glucose tolerance index for a simple assessment of insulin sensitivity in mice. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 296: R1316-R1324, 2009. First published February 11, 2009; doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.90575.2008.- Mice are increasingly used in studies where measuring insulin sensitivity (IS) is a common procedure. The glucose clamp is labor intensive, cannot be used in large numbers of animals, cannot be repeated in the same mouse, and has been questioned as a valid tool for IS in mice; thus, the minimal model with 50-min intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) data was adapted for studies in mice. However, specific software and particular ability was needed. The aim of this study... (More)
Pacini G, Ahren M, Ahren B. Reappraisal of the intravenous glucose tolerance index for a simple assessment of insulin sensitivity in mice. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 296: R1316-R1324, 2009. First published February 11, 2009; doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.90575.2008.- Mice are increasingly used in studies where measuring insulin sensitivity (IS) is a common procedure. The glucose clamp is labor intensive, cannot be used in large numbers of animals, cannot be repeated in the same mouse, and has been questioned as a valid tool for IS in mice; thus, the minimal model with 50-min intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) data was adapted for studies in mice. However, specific software and particular ability was needed. The aim of this study was to establish a simple procedure for evaluating IS during IVGTT in mice (CSI). IVGTTs (n = 520) were performed in NMRI and C57BL/6J mice (20-25g). After glucose injection (1 g/kg), seven samples were collected for 50 min for glucose and insulin measurements, analyzed with a minimal model that provided the validated reference IS (S-perpendicular to). By using the regression CS perpendicular to = alpha(1) + alpha(2) x K-G/AUC(D), where K-G is intravenous glucose tolerance index and AUC(D) is the dynamic area under the curve, IS was calculated in 134 control animals randomly selected (regression CSI vs. S-I: r = 0.66, P < 0.0001) and yielded alpha(1) = 1.93 and alpha(2) = 0.24. KG is the slope of log (glucose(5-20)) and AUCD is the mean dynamic area under insulin curve in the IVGTT. By keeping fixed alpha(1) and alpha(2), CSI was validated in 143 control mice (4.7 +/- 0.2 min . mu U- . ml(-1), virtually identical to S-I: 4.7 +/- 0.3, r = 0.89, P < 0.0001); and in 123 mice in different conditions: transgenic, addition of neuropeptides, incretins, and insulin (CSI: 6.0 +/- 0.4 vs. SI: 6.1 +/- 0.4, r = 0.94, P < 0.0001). In the other 120 animals, CSI revealed its ability to segregate different categories, as does S-I. This easily usable formula for calculating CSI overcomes many experimental obstacles and may be a simple alternative to more complex procedures when large numbers of mice or repeated experiments in the same animals are required. (Less)
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published
subject
keywords
intravenous glucose tolerance test, glucose effectiveness, adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide, pituitary, glucagon-like peptide-1, insulin resistance, animal model
in
American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
volume
296
issue
5
pages
1316 - 1324
publisher
American Physiological Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000266246900003
  • scopus:66149096190
ISSN
0363-6119
DOI
10.1152/ajpregu.90575.2008
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
98914c6d-16d3-4ba3-9c1f-6d150402b322 (old id 1425759)
date added to LUP
2009-06-26 15:21:13
date last changed
2017-10-08 03:58:33
@article{98914c6d-16d3-4ba3-9c1f-6d150402b322,
  abstract     = {Pacini G, Ahren M, Ahren B. Reappraisal of the intravenous glucose tolerance index for a simple assessment of insulin sensitivity in mice. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 296: R1316-R1324, 2009. First published February 11, 2009; doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.90575.2008.- Mice are increasingly used in studies where measuring insulin sensitivity (IS) is a common procedure. The glucose clamp is labor intensive, cannot be used in large numbers of animals, cannot be repeated in the same mouse, and has been questioned as a valid tool for IS in mice; thus, the minimal model with 50-min intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) data was adapted for studies in mice. However, specific software and particular ability was needed. The aim of this study was to establish a simple procedure for evaluating IS during IVGTT in mice (CSI). IVGTTs (n = 520) were performed in NMRI and C57BL/6J mice (20-25g). After glucose injection (1 g/kg), seven samples were collected for 50 min for glucose and insulin measurements, analyzed with a minimal model that provided the validated reference IS (S-perpendicular to). By using the regression CS perpendicular to = alpha(1) + alpha(2) x K-G/AUC(D), where K-G is intravenous glucose tolerance index and AUC(D) is the dynamic area under the curve, IS was calculated in 134 control animals randomly selected (regression CSI vs. S-I: r = 0.66, P &lt; 0.0001) and yielded alpha(1) = 1.93 and alpha(2) = 0.24. KG is the slope of log (glucose(5-20)) and AUCD is the mean dynamic area under insulin curve in the IVGTT. By keeping fixed alpha(1) and alpha(2), CSI was validated in 143 control mice (4.7 +/- 0.2 min . mu U- . ml(-1), virtually identical to S-I: 4.7 +/- 0.3, r = 0.89, P &lt; 0.0001); and in 123 mice in different conditions: transgenic, addition of neuropeptides, incretins, and insulin (CSI: 6.0 +/- 0.4 vs. SI: 6.1 +/- 0.4, r = 0.94, P &lt; 0.0001). In the other 120 animals, CSI revealed its ability to segregate different categories, as does S-I. This easily usable formula for calculating CSI overcomes many experimental obstacles and may be a simple alternative to more complex procedures when large numbers of mice or repeated experiments in the same animals are required.},
  author       = {Pacini, Giovanni and Ahren, Maria and Ahrén, Bo},
  issn         = {0363-6119},
  keyword      = {intravenous glucose tolerance test,glucose effectiveness,adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide,pituitary,glucagon-like peptide-1,insulin resistance,animal model},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1316--1324},
  publisher    = {American Physiological Society},
  series       = {American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology},
  title        = {Reappraisal of the intravenous glucose tolerance index for a simple assessment of insulin sensitivity in mice},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.90575.2008},
  volume       = {296},
  year         = {2009},
}