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Familial risks in nervous-system tumours: a histology-specific analysis from Sweden and Norway

Hemminki, Kari; Tretli, Steinar; Sundquist, Jan LU ; Johannesen, Tom B. and Granstrom, Charlotta (2009) In The Lancet Oncology 10(5). p.481-488
Abstract
Background There are limited data available on tumour subtype-specific familial risks for nervous-system tumours. We aimed to provide such data at the population level. Methods We used data from the nationwide Swedish and Norwegian databases on familial cancer to calculate standardised incidence ratios (SIRS) for the familial risk of developing a nervous-system tumour in offspring born after 1931 (Sweden) or 1900 (Norway) whose parents or siblings were probands. Findings 54195 patients had nervous-system tumours, 22331 of whom belonged to the offspring generation aged 0-72 years in Sweden and 0-51 years in Norway. Of 709 familial patients in the offspring generation, 438 (61.8%) had a parent affected by a nervous-system tumour (SIR 1.66;... (More)
Background There are limited data available on tumour subtype-specific familial risks for nervous-system tumours. We aimed to provide such data at the population level. Methods We used data from the nationwide Swedish and Norwegian databases on familial cancer to calculate standardised incidence ratios (SIRS) for the familial risk of developing a nervous-system tumour in offspring born after 1931 (Sweden) or 1900 (Norway) whose parents or siblings were probands. Findings 54195 patients had nervous-system tumours, 22331 of whom belonged to the offspring generation aged 0-72 years in Sweden and 0-51 years in Norway. Of 709 familial patients in the offspring generation, 438 (61.8%) had a parent affected by a nervous-system tumour (SIR 1.66; 95% CI 1.51-1.82), 236 (33.3%) had a sibling affected by a nervous-system tumour (SIR 2.01; 95% CI 1.76-2.28), and 35 (4.9%) belonged to families with a parent and at least two siblings affected by a nervous-system tumour (multiplex families; SIR 13.40; 95% CI 9.33-18.66). The SIR for glioma was 1.8 (1.5-2.0) when a parent was a proband, but increased to 11.2 (5.7-19.5) in multiplex families. Early-onset neurinoma and haemangioma showed high familial risks; with an SIR for neurinoma of 1.7 (1.4-2.2) for offspring of affected parents, 2.7 (2.0-3.5) for siblings, and 27.2 (13.5-48.8) for multiplex families, and an SIR for haemangioma of 2.4 (1.4-3.8) for offspring of affected parents. Histology-specific population-based familial risks were shown for meningioma (1.6 for offspring of affected parents; 95% CI 1.3-2.0), ependymoma (2.7 for young offspring <20 years; 1.1-5.5), medulloblastoma (4.1 for siblings; 1.7-8.1), and neuroblastoma (3.2 for siblings; 1.1-6.9). Interpretation Our results suggest a complex genetic background for nervous-system tumours, which differs depending on the age of onset and histological subtype of the tumour. High sibling risks might suggest recessive inheritance. As the high-penetrant multiplex families only accounted for about 5% of familial nervous-system tumours, most familial cases are probably caused by low-penetrance genes. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
The Lancet Oncology
volume
10
issue
5
pages
481 - 488
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000265908100022
  • scopus:65349119958
ISSN
1474-5488
DOI
10.1016/S1470-2045(09)70076-2
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e707ad7b-4cbb-4e53-a982-78919c32f67c (old id 1425893)
date added to LUP
2009-06-26 14:49:03
date last changed
2017-10-08 03:42:23
@article{e707ad7b-4cbb-4e53-a982-78919c32f67c,
  abstract     = {Background There are limited data available on tumour subtype-specific familial risks for nervous-system tumours. We aimed to provide such data at the population level. Methods We used data from the nationwide Swedish and Norwegian databases on familial cancer to calculate standardised incidence ratios (SIRS) for the familial risk of developing a nervous-system tumour in offspring born after 1931 (Sweden) or 1900 (Norway) whose parents or siblings were probands. Findings 54195 patients had nervous-system tumours, 22331 of whom belonged to the offspring generation aged 0-72 years in Sweden and 0-51 years in Norway. Of 709 familial patients in the offspring generation, 438 (61.8%) had a parent affected by a nervous-system tumour (SIR 1.66; 95% CI 1.51-1.82), 236 (33.3%) had a sibling affected by a nervous-system tumour (SIR 2.01; 95% CI 1.76-2.28), and 35 (4.9%) belonged to families with a parent and at least two siblings affected by a nervous-system tumour (multiplex families; SIR 13.40; 95% CI 9.33-18.66). The SIR for glioma was 1.8 (1.5-2.0) when a parent was a proband, but increased to 11.2 (5.7-19.5) in multiplex families. Early-onset neurinoma and haemangioma showed high familial risks; with an SIR for neurinoma of 1.7 (1.4-2.2) for offspring of affected parents, 2.7 (2.0-3.5) for siblings, and 27.2 (13.5-48.8) for multiplex families, and an SIR for haemangioma of 2.4 (1.4-3.8) for offspring of affected parents. Histology-specific population-based familial risks were shown for meningioma (1.6 for offspring of affected parents; 95% CI 1.3-2.0), ependymoma (2.7 for young offspring &lt;20 years; 1.1-5.5), medulloblastoma (4.1 for siblings; 1.7-8.1), and neuroblastoma (3.2 for siblings; 1.1-6.9). Interpretation Our results suggest a complex genetic background for nervous-system tumours, which differs depending on the age of onset and histological subtype of the tumour. High sibling risks might suggest recessive inheritance. As the high-penetrant multiplex families only accounted for about 5% of familial nervous-system tumours, most familial cases are probably caused by low-penetrance genes.},
  author       = {Hemminki, Kari and Tretli, Steinar and Sundquist, Jan and Johannesen, Tom B. and Granstrom, Charlotta},
  issn         = {1474-5488},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {481--488},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {The Lancet Oncology},
  title        = {Familial risks in nervous-system tumours: a histology-specific analysis from Sweden and Norway},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(09)70076-2},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2009},
}