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Evacuation experiment in a road tunnel: A study of human behaviour and technical installations

Nilsson, Daniel LU ; Johansson, Maria and Frantzich, Håkan LU (2009) In Fire Safety Journal 44(4). p.458-468
Abstract
An evacuation experiment was performed in a road tunnel in order to investigate how motorists behave and emotionally respond when exposed to a fire emergency, how information and wayfinding systems are perceived and whether green flashing lights can influence exit choice. The participants believed that they were taking part in a study about driving behaviour. Approximately I kill inside the tunnel participants encountered an accident, i.e., cars and smoke. The fire alarm, which consists of a prerecorded alarm and information signs, was also activated and green flashing lights at emergency exits were started, The results show that it was difficult to make out what was said in the pre-recorded alarm. However, an acoustic signal was positive... (More)
An evacuation experiment was performed in a road tunnel in order to investigate how motorists behave and emotionally respond when exposed to a fire emergency, how information and wayfinding systems are perceived and whether green flashing lights can influence exit choice. The participants believed that they were taking part in a study about driving behaviour. Approximately I kill inside the tunnel participants encountered an accident, i.e., cars and smoke. The fire alarm, which consists of a prerecorded alarm and information signs, was also activated and green flashing lights at emergency exits were started, The results show that it was difficult to make out what was said in the pre-recorded alarm. However, an acoustic signal was positive since it alerted motorists and made them look for additional information. The information signs were also important for the decision to leave the vehicle. Social influence was found to be essential, both with regards to the decision to leave the vehicle and the choice of exit. The results also suggest that arousal level influences the amount of information noticed by motorists, which implies that technical installations, e.g., wayfinding systems, should be tested under stressful conditions before they can be relied upon in a real tunnel fire. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
Journal Article (original article)
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Emotional state, Social influence, flashing lights, Green, Information signs, Pre-recorded alarm, Tunnel fire, Evacuation
journal title
Fire Safety Journal
volume
44
issue
4
pages
458 - 468
publisher
Elsevier Sci Ltd
external identifiers
  • ISI:000265736200003
ISSN
0379-7112
DOI
10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.09.009
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1427953
date added to LUP
2009-06-25 14:03:08
date last changed
2014-03-10 10:40:28
@article{1427953,
  abstract     = {An evacuation experiment was performed in a road tunnel in order to investigate how motorists behave and emotionally respond when exposed to a fire emergency, how information and wayfinding systems are perceived and whether green flashing lights can influence exit choice. The participants believed that they were taking part in a study about driving behaviour. Approximately I kill inside the tunnel participants encountered an accident, i.e., cars and smoke. The fire alarm, which consists of a prerecorded alarm and information signs, was also activated and green flashing lights at emergency exits were started, The results show that it was difficult to make out what was said in the pre-recorded alarm. However, an acoustic signal was positive since it alerted motorists and made them look for additional information. The information signs were also important for the decision to leave the vehicle. Social influence was found to be essential, both with regards to the decision to leave the vehicle and the choice of exit. The results also suggest that arousal level influences the amount of information noticed by motorists, which implies that technical installations, e.g., wayfinding systems, should be tested under stressful conditions before they can be relied upon in a real tunnel fire. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Daniel and Johansson, Maria and Frantzich, H\aa kan},
  issn         = {0379-7112},
  keyword      = {Emotional state,Social influence,flashing lights,Green,Information signs,Pre-recorded alarm,Tunnel fire,Evacuation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {458--468},
  publisher    = {Elsevier Sci Ltd},
  series       = {Fire Safety Journal},
  title        = {Evacuation experiment in a road tunnel: A study of human behaviour and technical installations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2008.09.009},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2009},
}