Skip to main content

Lund University Publications

LUND UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES

Socioeconomic, psychosocial, behavioural, and psychological determinants of BMI among young women: differing patterns for underweight and overweight/obesity.

Ali, Sadiq Mohammad LU and Lindström, Martin LU (2006) In European Journal of Public Health 16(3). p.324-330
Abstract
Objectives: Underweight, overweight, and obese women aged 18–34 years were compared with normal weight women of the corresponding age according to socioeconomic, psychosocial, health behaviour, self reported global and psychological health, and locus of control characteristics. Methods: The 2000 public health survey in Scania is a cross-sectional study. A total 13 715 persons aged 18–80 years, of which 1967 were females of 18–34 years of age, were included in this study. They answered a postal questionnaire, which represents 59% of the random sample. A logistic regression model adjusted for age was used to investigate the association between socioeconomic, psychosocial, health behaviour, self reported global and psychological health, locus... (More)
Objectives: Underweight, overweight, and obese women aged 18–34 years were compared with normal weight women of the corresponding age according to socioeconomic, psychosocial, health behaviour, self reported global and psychological health, and locus of control characteristics. Methods: The 2000 public health survey in Scania is a cross-sectional study. A total 13 715 persons aged 18–80 years, of which 1967 were females of 18–34 years of age, were included in this study. They answered a postal questionnaire, which represents 59% of the random sample. A logistic regression model adjusted for age was used to investigate the association between socioeconomic, psychosocial, health behaviour, self reported global and psychological health, locus of control, and the BMI categories. Results: A 17.5% proportion of the women, aged 18–34 years, were underweight (BMI < 20.0), 18.4% were overweight, and 7.0% obese. The prevalence of underweight according to the BMI < 18.5 definition was 5.8% among women aged 18–34 years. Women who were underweight had significantly higher odds ratios for overtime work, being students, low emotional support, and poor self reported global as well as poor psychological health than normal weight women. Women who were overweight/obese were unemployed, had low education, low social participation, low emotional and instrumental support, were daily smokers, had a sedentary lifestyle, had poor self reported global health, and had lack of internal locus of control compared with normal weight women. Conclusions: Underweight women are more likely to have poorer psychological health than normal weight women. In contrast, overweight and obese women are more likely to have poor health related behaviours and lack of internal locus of control compared with normal weight women. These differing patterns suggest both different etiology and different preventive strategies to deal with the health risks of people who are underweight as opposed to those who are overweight/obese. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
psychological health, obesity, health related behaviour, locus of control, socioeconomic, underweight
in
European Journal of Public Health
volume
16
issue
3
pages
324 - 330
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • wos:000238762100020
  • scopus:33745684538
  • pmid:16162598
ISSN
1101-1262
DOI
10.1093/eurpub/cki187
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f199430b-ad43-4573-89a5-0c90dd26a9cf (old id 143657)
date added to LUP
2016-04-01 11:47:02
date last changed
2021-10-10 04:50:47
@article{f199430b-ad43-4573-89a5-0c90dd26a9cf,
  abstract     = {Objectives: Underweight, overweight, and obese women aged 18–34 years were compared with normal weight women of the corresponding age according to socioeconomic, psychosocial, health behaviour, self reported global and psychological health, and locus of control characteristics. Methods: The 2000 public health survey in Scania is a cross-sectional study. A total 13 715 persons aged 18–80 years, of which 1967 were females of 18–34 years of age, were included in this study. They answered a postal questionnaire, which represents 59% of the random sample. A logistic regression model adjusted for age was used to investigate the association between socioeconomic, psychosocial, health behaviour, self reported global and psychological health, locus of control, and the BMI categories. Results: A 17.5% proportion of the women, aged 18–34 years, were underweight (BMI &lt; 20.0), 18.4% were overweight, and 7.0% obese. The prevalence of underweight according to the BMI &lt; 18.5 definition was 5.8% among women aged 18–34 years. Women who were underweight had significantly higher odds ratios for overtime work, being students, low emotional support, and poor self reported global as well as poor psychological health than normal weight women. Women who were overweight/obese were unemployed, had low education, low social participation, low emotional and instrumental support, were daily smokers, had a sedentary lifestyle, had poor self reported global health, and had lack of internal locus of control compared with normal weight women. Conclusions: Underweight women are more likely to have poorer psychological health than normal weight women. In contrast, overweight and obese women are more likely to have poor health related behaviours and lack of internal locus of control compared with normal weight women. These differing patterns suggest both different etiology and different preventive strategies to deal with the health risks of people who are underweight as opposed to those who are overweight/obese.},
  author       = {Ali, Sadiq Mohammad and Lindström, Martin},
  issn         = {1101-1262},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {324--330},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {European Journal of Public Health},
  title        = {Socioeconomic, psychosocial, behavioural, and psychological determinants of BMI among young women: differing patterns for underweight and overweight/obesity.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cki187},
  doi          = {10.1093/eurpub/cki187},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2006},
}