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A compare between myocardial topical negative pressure levels of-25 mmHg and-50 mmHg in a porcine model

Lindstedt Ingemansson, Sandra LU ; Paulsson, Per LU ; Mokhtari, Arash LU ; Gesslein, Bodil LU ; Hlebowicz, Joanna LU ; Malmsjö, Malin LU and Ingemansson, Richard LU (2008) In BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 8(14).
Abstract
Background: Topical negative pressure (TNP), widely used in wound therapy, is known to stimulate wound edge blood flow, granulation tissue formation, angiogenesis, and revascularization. We have previously shown that application of a TNP of -50 mmHg to the myocardium significantly increases microvascular blood flow in the underlying tissue. We have also shown that a myocardial TNP levels between -75 mmHg and -150 mmHg do not induce microvascular blood flow changes in the underlying myocardium. The present study was designed to elucidate the difference between -25 mmHg and -50 mmHg TNP on microvascular flow in normal and ischemic myocardium. Methods: Six pigs underwent median sternotomy. The microvascular blood flow in the myocardium was... (More)
Background: Topical negative pressure (TNP), widely used in wound therapy, is known to stimulate wound edge blood flow, granulation tissue formation, angiogenesis, and revascularization. We have previously shown that application of a TNP of -50 mmHg to the myocardium significantly increases microvascular blood flow in the underlying tissue. We have also shown that a myocardial TNP levels between -75 mmHg and -150 mmHg do not induce microvascular blood flow changes in the underlying myocardium. The present study was designed to elucidate the difference between -25 mmHg and -50 mmHg TNP on microvascular flow in normal and ischemic myocardium. Methods: Six pigs underwent median sternotomy. The microvascular blood flow in the myocardium was recorded before and after the application of TNP using laser Doppler flowmetry. Analyses were performed before left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusion (normal myocardium), and after 20 minutes of LAD occlusion (ischemic myocardium). Results: A TNP of -25 mmHg significantly increased microvascular blood flow in both normal (from 263.3 +/- 62.8 PU before, to 380.0 +/- 80.6 PU after TNP application, *p = 0.03) and ischemic myocardium (from 58.8 +/- 17.7 PU before, to 85.8 +/- 20.9 PU after TNP application, *p = 0.04). A TNP of -50 mmHg also significantly increased microvascular blood flow in both normal (from 174.2 +/- 20.8 PU before, to 240.0 +/- 34.4 PU after TNP application, *p = 0.02) and ischemic myocardium (from 44.5 +/- 14.0 PU before, to 106.2 +/- 26.6 PU after TNP application, **p = 0.01). Conclusion: Topical negative pressure of -25 mmHg and -50 mmHg both induced a significant increase in microvascular blood flow in normal and in ischemic myocardium. The increase in microvascular blood flow was larger when using -25 mmHg on normal myocardium, and was larger when using -50 mmHg on ischemic myocardium; however these differences were not statistically significant. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
volume
8
issue
14
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • wos:000266854800001
  • scopus:47949131694
ISSN
1471-2261
DOI
10.1186/1471-2261-8-14
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
5792963d-12e2-4457-8921-c1c71ce1bb54 (old id 1440529)
date added to LUP
2009-07-27 11:39:04
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:09:51
@article{5792963d-12e2-4457-8921-c1c71ce1bb54,
  abstract     = {Background: Topical negative pressure (TNP), widely used in wound therapy, is known to stimulate wound edge blood flow, granulation tissue formation, angiogenesis, and revascularization. We have previously shown that application of a TNP of -50 mmHg to the myocardium significantly increases microvascular blood flow in the underlying tissue. We have also shown that a myocardial TNP levels between -75 mmHg and -150 mmHg do not induce microvascular blood flow changes in the underlying myocardium. The present study was designed to elucidate the difference between -25 mmHg and -50 mmHg TNP on microvascular flow in normal and ischemic myocardium. Methods: Six pigs underwent median sternotomy. The microvascular blood flow in the myocardium was recorded before and after the application of TNP using laser Doppler flowmetry. Analyses were performed before left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusion (normal myocardium), and after 20 minutes of LAD occlusion (ischemic myocardium). Results: A TNP of -25 mmHg significantly increased microvascular blood flow in both normal (from 263.3 +/- 62.8 PU before, to 380.0 +/- 80.6 PU after TNP application, *p = 0.03) and ischemic myocardium (from 58.8 +/- 17.7 PU before, to 85.8 +/- 20.9 PU after TNP application, *p = 0.04). A TNP of -50 mmHg also significantly increased microvascular blood flow in both normal (from 174.2 +/- 20.8 PU before, to 240.0 +/- 34.4 PU after TNP application, *p = 0.02) and ischemic myocardium (from 44.5 +/- 14.0 PU before, to 106.2 +/- 26.6 PU after TNP application, **p = 0.01). Conclusion: Topical negative pressure of -25 mmHg and -50 mmHg both induced a significant increase in microvascular blood flow in normal and in ischemic myocardium. The increase in microvascular blood flow was larger when using -25 mmHg on normal myocardium, and was larger when using -50 mmHg on ischemic myocardium; however these differences were not statistically significant.},
  author       = {Lindstedt Ingemansson, Sandra and Paulsson, Per and Mokhtari, Arash and Gesslein, Bodil and Hlebowicz, Joanna and Malmsjö, Malin and Ingemansson, Richard},
  issn         = {1471-2261},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {14},
  publisher    = {BioMed Central},
  series       = {BMC Cardiovascular Disorders},
  title        = {A compare between myocardial topical negative pressure levels of-25 mmHg and-50 mmHg in a porcine model},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2261-8-14},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2008},
}