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Will restrictions on CO2 emissions require reductions in transport demand?

Johansson, Bengt LU (2009) In Energy Policy 37(8). p.3212-3220
Abstract
In this paper, the potential for the transportation sector to develop in a way that is consistent with long-term climate targets will be discussed. An important question is whether technical measures will be sufficient for reaching long-term climate targets. Although there is a large potential to significantly increase the use of bioenergy from today's level, there will be severe restrictions to its use within the transportation sector. Other renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are much more abundant and could provide the majority of the necessary transportation fuel in the long run. Although potentially much more expensive than current fuels they could, in combination with strong efficiency improvements, provide transport... (More)
In this paper, the potential for the transportation sector to develop in a way that is consistent with long-term climate targets will be discussed. An important question is whether technical measures will be sufficient for reaching long-term climate targets. Although there is a large potential to significantly increase the use of bioenergy from today's level, there will be severe restrictions to its use within the transportation sector. Other renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are much more abundant and could provide the majority of the necessary transportation fuel in the long run. Although potentially much more expensive than current fuels they could, in combination with strong efficiency improvements, provide transport services at costs that could be acceptable in a growing economy. Transport levels as high as today or even higher could be consistent from a climate perspective if such fuels and technologies are utilised. Relying only on technical measures would, however, be risky, as there is no guarantee that the technology will develop at a sufficient rate. Furthermore, the existence of other negative environmental effects would argue for the implementation of measures affecting transport demand as well. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Resource limitations, CO2 emission reductions, Alternative fuels
in
Energy Policy
volume
37
issue
8
pages
3212 - 3220
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000267417300039
  • scopus:65749098007
ISSN
1873-6777
DOI
10.1016/j.enpol.2009.04.013
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
91f7b733-ed2d-4531-aa72-bf7d7579b9d0 (old id 1441454)
date added to LUP
2009-07-28 09:25:25
date last changed
2017-10-01 04:27:41
@article{91f7b733-ed2d-4531-aa72-bf7d7579b9d0,
  abstract     = {In this paper, the potential for the transportation sector to develop in a way that is consistent with long-term climate targets will be discussed. An important question is whether technical measures will be sufficient for reaching long-term climate targets. Although there is a large potential to significantly increase the use of bioenergy from today's level, there will be severe restrictions to its use within the transportation sector. Other renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are much more abundant and could provide the majority of the necessary transportation fuel in the long run. Although potentially much more expensive than current fuels they could, in combination with strong efficiency improvements, provide transport services at costs that could be acceptable in a growing economy. Transport levels as high as today or even higher could be consistent from a climate perspective if such fuels and technologies are utilised. Relying only on technical measures would, however, be risky, as there is no guarantee that the technology will develop at a sufficient rate. Furthermore, the existence of other negative environmental effects would argue for the implementation of measures affecting transport demand as well. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
  author       = {Johansson, Bengt},
  issn         = {1873-6777},
  keyword      = {Resource limitations,CO2 emission reductions,Alternative fuels},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {3212--3220},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Energy Policy},
  title        = {Will restrictions on CO2 emissions require reductions in transport demand?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2009.04.013},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2009},
}