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Social capital, political trust and daily smoking and smoking cessation: A population-based study in southern Sweden.

Lindström, Martin LU (2009) In Public Health 123(7). p.496-501
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between vertical (institutional) political trust in the Riksdag and daily smoking and smoking cessation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: In total, 27,757 individuals aged 18-80 years answered a postal questionnaire, which represents 59% of the random sample. A logistic regression model was used to investigate the associations between political trust in the Riksdag and daily smoking and smoking cessation. A multivariate analysis was performed to investigate the importance of possible confounders on the differences in daily smoking and smoking cessation according to political trust. RESULTS: In total, 14.9% of the men and 18.1% of the women were daily smokers. Middle-aged respondents... (More)
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between vertical (institutional) political trust in the Riksdag and daily smoking and smoking cessation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: In total, 27,757 individuals aged 18-80 years answered a postal questionnaire, which represents 59% of the random sample. A logistic regression model was used to investigate the associations between political trust in the Riksdag and daily smoking and smoking cessation. A multivariate analysis was performed to investigate the importance of possible confounders on the differences in daily smoking and smoking cessation according to political trust. RESULTS: In total, 14.9% of the men and 18.1% of the women were daily smokers. Middle-aged respondents were significantly more likely to be daily smokers than the young. The proportion of ever smokers who had quit smoking increased with age. Respondents with low generalized trust in other people [odds ratio (OR) 1.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5-1.8 among men; OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.5-1.8 among women] and not high political trust/no political trust at all (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.4-1.8 among men; OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.6-2.0 among women) had significantly higher ORs of daily smoking. Men and women with not particularly high political trust/no political trust at all and no opinion of the Riksdag had significantly lower ORs of smoking cessation than people with very high/high political trust. These associations remained significant after multiple adjustments. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that political trust is independently associated with both daily smoking and smoking cessation. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Public Health
volume
123
issue
7
pages
496 - 501
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000269575900007
  • pmid:19616270
  • scopus:68349104952
ISSN
1476-5616
DOI
10.1016/j.puhe.2009.06.010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9463d4d9-9672-4310-99d1-0de77b832975 (old id 1452987)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19616270?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-09-01 09:08:26
date last changed
2017-04-30 10:27:21
@article{9463d4d9-9672-4310-99d1-0de77b832975,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between vertical (institutional) political trust in the Riksdag and daily smoking and smoking cessation. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: In total, 27,757 individuals aged 18-80 years answered a postal questionnaire, which represents 59% of the random sample. A logistic regression model was used to investigate the associations between political trust in the Riksdag and daily smoking and smoking cessation. A multivariate analysis was performed to investigate the importance of possible confounders on the differences in daily smoking and smoking cessation according to political trust. RESULTS: In total, 14.9% of the men and 18.1% of the women were daily smokers. Middle-aged respondents were significantly more likely to be daily smokers than the young. The proportion of ever smokers who had quit smoking increased with age. Respondents with low generalized trust in other people [odds ratio (OR) 1.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5-1.8 among men; OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.5-1.8 among women] and not high political trust/no political trust at all (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.4-1.8 among men; OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.6-2.0 among women) had significantly higher ORs of daily smoking. Men and women with not particularly high political trust/no political trust at all and no opinion of the Riksdag had significantly lower ORs of smoking cessation than people with very high/high political trust. These associations remained significant after multiple adjustments. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that political trust is independently associated with both daily smoking and smoking cessation.},
  author       = {Lindström, Martin},
  issn         = {1476-5616},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {496--501},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Public Health},
  title        = {Social capital, political trust and daily smoking and smoking cessation: A population-based study in southern Sweden.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2009.06.010},
  volume       = {123},
  year         = {2009},
}