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A comparison between written and spoken narratives in aphasia

Behrns, Ingrid; Wengelin, Åsa LU ; Broberg Olsson, Malin LU and Hartelius, Lena (2009) In Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics 23(7). p.507-528
Abstract
The aim of the present study was to explore how a personal narrative told by a group of eight persons with aphasia differed between written and spoken language, and to compare this with findings from 10 participants in a reference group. The stories were analysed through holistic assessments made by 60 participants without experience of aphasia and through measurement of lexical and syntactic variables. The findings showed that the participants with aphasia generally received lower ratings than the reference group, but also that stories written by participants with aphasia were rated as easier to understand, more interesting, and more coherent than the group's spoken stories. Regression analysis showed that syntax could predict several of... (More)
The aim of the present study was to explore how a personal narrative told by a group of eight persons with aphasia differed between written and spoken language, and to compare this with findings from 10 participants in a reference group. The stories were analysed through holistic assessments made by 60 participants without experience of aphasia and through measurement of lexical and syntactic variables. The findings showed that the participants with aphasia generally received lower ratings than the reference group, but also that stories written by participants with aphasia were rated as easier to understand, more interesting, and more coherent than the group's spoken stories. Regression analysis showed that syntax could predict several of the rated variables for the stories told by the participants with aphasia. Results point to the need to include writing training in language rehabilitation in order to increase the ability for persons with aphasia to participate in communicative situations in everyday life. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
untrained raters, spoken language, written language, Aphasia, narratives
in
Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
volume
23
issue
7
pages
507 - 528
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • wos:000267766600003
  • scopus:68449094347
ISSN
1464-5076
DOI
10.1080/02699200902916129
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
7b4d7383-44b4-420a-98ce-0b61871cd957 (old id 1462795)
date added to LUP
2009-08-20 10:44:54
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:26:49
@article{7b4d7383-44b4-420a-98ce-0b61871cd957,
  abstract     = {The aim of the present study was to explore how a personal narrative told by a group of eight persons with aphasia differed between written and spoken language, and to compare this with findings from 10 participants in a reference group. The stories were analysed through holistic assessments made by 60 participants without experience of aphasia and through measurement of lexical and syntactic variables. The findings showed that the participants with aphasia generally received lower ratings than the reference group, but also that stories written by participants with aphasia were rated as easier to understand, more interesting, and more coherent than the group's spoken stories. Regression analysis showed that syntax could predict several of the rated variables for the stories told by the participants with aphasia. Results point to the need to include writing training in language rehabilitation in order to increase the ability for persons with aphasia to participate in communicative situations in everyday life.},
  author       = {Behrns, Ingrid and Wengelin, Åsa and Broberg Olsson, Malin and Hartelius, Lena},
  issn         = {1464-5076},
  keyword      = {untrained raters,spoken language,written language,Aphasia,narratives},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {507--528},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics},
  title        = {A comparison between written and spoken narratives in aphasia},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02699200902916129},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2009},
}