Advanced

How important is the crustacean plankton for the maintenance of water clarity in shallow lakes with abundant submerged vegetation?

Blindow, I; Hargeby, Anders LU ; Wagner, Bálint LU and Andersson, G (2000) In Freshwater Biology 44(2). p.185-197
Abstract
1. We measured the abundance and biomass of filter-feeding microcrustacean zooplankton and calculated their grazing impact on phytoplankton biomass during summer in five shallow, mesotrophic to eutrophic lakes. For three of the lakes data exist both from years with dense submerged vegetation and low turbidity (the clearwater state), as well as from years characterised by sparse vegetation and high turbidity (the turbid state). In the other two lakes data are available only for clearwater conditions. 2. In all lakes conditions of dense vegetation and clear water coincided with a low abundance of crustacean plankton during summer. In the three lakes that shifted, the calculated biovolume ingested by crustacean plankton (filtering rate) was... (More)
1. We measured the abundance and biomass of filter-feeding microcrustacean zooplankton and calculated their grazing impact on phytoplankton biomass during summer in five shallow, mesotrophic to eutrophic lakes. For three of the lakes data exist both from years with dense submerged vegetation and low turbidity (the clearwater state), as well as from years characterised by sparse vegetation and high turbidity (the turbid state). In the other two lakes data are available only for clearwater conditions. 2. In all lakes conditions of dense vegetation and clear water coincided with a low abundance of crustacean plankton during summer. In the three lakes that shifted, the calculated biovolume ingested by crustacean plankton (filtering rate) was 3-11 times lower during clearwater conditions compared with turbid conditions. Because phytoplankton biomass was lower during clearwater conditions, however, daily grazing pressure from microcrustacea (expressed as percentage of phytoplankton biomass) did not differ between states. In three of the five lakes, grazers were estimated to take less than 10% of the phytoplankton biomass per day, indicating filtration by zooplankton was not the most important mechanism to maintain clearwater conditions. 3. High densities of Cladocera were found in three of the lakes within dense stands of Charophyta. However, these samples were dominated by plant-associated taxa that even during the night were rarely found outside the vegetation. This indicates that plant-associated zooplankton has no major influence on the maintenance of water clarity outside the vegetation. 4. Spring peak abundance of Cladocera was observed in three of the lakes. In two of these, where seasonal development was studied in both the clearwater and the turbid state, spring peaks were lower during the clearwater state. 5. Predation, low food availability or a combination of both may explain the low zooplankton densities. Phytoplankton may be limited by low phosphorus availability in the lakes dominated by Charophyta. Our results indicate that the importance of zooplankton grazing may have minor importance for the maintenance of the clearwater state in lakes with dense, well-established submerged vegetation. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Freshwater Biology
volume
44
issue
2
pages
185 - 197
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:0034124150
ISSN
0046-5070
DOI
10.1046/j.1365-2427.2000.00552.x
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
343ae83d-e7ae-43d4-a58b-63f8bc6c44dc (old id 146717)
date added to LUP
2007-06-28 12:32:51
date last changed
2017-04-16 04:14:37
@article{343ae83d-e7ae-43d4-a58b-63f8bc6c44dc,
  abstract     = {1. We measured the abundance and biomass of filter-feeding microcrustacean zooplankton and calculated their grazing impact on phytoplankton biomass during summer in five shallow, mesotrophic to eutrophic lakes. For three of the lakes data exist both from years with dense submerged vegetation and low turbidity (the clearwater state), as well as from years characterised by sparse vegetation and high turbidity (the turbid state). In the other two lakes data are available only for clearwater conditions. 2. In all lakes conditions of dense vegetation and clear water coincided with a low abundance of crustacean plankton during summer. In the three lakes that shifted, the calculated biovolume ingested by crustacean plankton (filtering rate) was 3-11 times lower during clearwater conditions compared with turbid conditions. Because phytoplankton biomass was lower during clearwater conditions, however, daily grazing pressure from microcrustacea (expressed as percentage of phytoplankton biomass) did not differ between states. In three of the five lakes, grazers were estimated to take less than 10% of the phytoplankton biomass per day, indicating filtration by zooplankton was not the most important mechanism to maintain clearwater conditions. 3. High densities of Cladocera were found in three of the lakes within dense stands of Charophyta. However, these samples were dominated by plant-associated taxa that even during the night were rarely found outside the vegetation. This indicates that plant-associated zooplankton has no major influence on the maintenance of water clarity outside the vegetation. 4. Spring peak abundance of Cladocera was observed in three of the lakes. In two of these, where seasonal development was studied in both the clearwater and the turbid state, spring peaks were lower during the clearwater state. 5. Predation, low food availability or a combination of both may explain the low zooplankton densities. Phytoplankton may be limited by low phosphorus availability in the lakes dominated by Charophyta. Our results indicate that the importance of zooplankton grazing may have minor importance for the maintenance of the clearwater state in lakes with dense, well-established submerged vegetation.},
  author       = {Blindow, I and Hargeby, Anders and Wagner, Bálint and Andersson, G},
  issn         = {0046-5070},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {185--197},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Freshwater Biology},
  title        = {How important is the crustacean plankton for the maintenance of water clarity in shallow lakes with abundant submerged vegetation?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2427.2000.00552.x},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2000},
}