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Knowledge Bases, Talents, and Contexts: On the Usefulness of the Creative Class Approach in Sweden

Asheim, Björn LU and Kalsø Hansen, Høgni LU (2009) In Economic Geography 85(4). p.425-442
Abstract
The geography of the creative class and its impact on regional development has been debated for some years. While the ideas of Richard Florida have permeated local and regional planning strategies in most parts of the Western world, critiques have been numerous. Florida's 3T's (technology, talent, and tolerance) have been adopted without considering whether the theory fits into the settings of a specific urban and regional context. This article aims to contextualize and unpack the creative class approach by applying the knowledge-base approach and break down the rigid assumption that all people in the creative class share common locational preferences. We argue that the creative class draws on three different knowledge bases: synthetic,... (More)
The geography of the creative class and its impact on regional development has been debated for some years. While the ideas of Richard Florida have permeated local and regional planning strategies in most parts of the Western world, critiques have been numerous. Florida's 3T's (technology, talent, and tolerance) have been adopted without considering whether the theory fits into the settings of a specific urban and regional context. This article aims to contextualize and unpack the creative class approach by applying the knowledge-base approach and break down the rigid assumption that all people in the creative class share common locational preferences. We argue that the creative class draws on three different knowledge bases: synthetic, analytical, and symbolic, which have different implications for people's residential locational preferences with respect to a people climate and a business climate. Furthermore, the dominating knowledge base in a region has an influence on the importance of a people climate and a business climate for attracting and retaining talent. In this article, we present an empirical analysis in support of these arguments using original Swedish data. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Sweden, context, people climate, business climate, knowledge bases, creative class
in
Economic Geography
volume
85
issue
4
pages
425 - 442
publisher
Economic Geography
external identifiers
  • wos:000269491700004
  • scopus:72749122713
ISSN
0013-0095
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
bf91a5bd-4c89-4f94-9536-009ec61d3abd (old id 1476428)
date added to LUP
2009-09-28 13:46:42
date last changed
2017-11-19 03:39:27
@article{bf91a5bd-4c89-4f94-9536-009ec61d3abd,
  abstract     = {The geography of the creative class and its impact on regional development has been debated for some years. While the ideas of Richard Florida have permeated local and regional planning strategies in most parts of the Western world, critiques have been numerous. Florida's 3T's (technology, talent, and tolerance) have been adopted without considering whether the theory fits into the settings of a specific urban and regional context. This article aims to contextualize and unpack the creative class approach by applying the knowledge-base approach and break down the rigid assumption that all people in the creative class share common locational preferences. We argue that the creative class draws on three different knowledge bases: synthetic, analytical, and symbolic, which have different implications for people's residential locational preferences with respect to a people climate and a business climate. Furthermore, the dominating knowledge base in a region has an influence on the importance of a people climate and a business climate for attracting and retaining talent. In this article, we present an empirical analysis in support of these arguments using original Swedish data.},
  author       = {Asheim, Björn and Kalsø Hansen, Høgni},
  issn         = {0013-0095},
  keyword      = {Sweden,context,people climate,business climate,knowledge bases,creative class},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {425--442},
  publisher    = {Economic Geography},
  series       = {Economic Geography},
  title        = {Knowledge Bases, Talents, and Contexts: On the Usefulness of the Creative Class Approach in Sweden},
  volume       = {85},
  year         = {2009},
}