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Models for chloride ingress into concrete – from Collepardi to today

Nilsson, Lars-Olof LU (2009) In International Journal of Modeling, Identification and Control 7(2). p.129-134
Abstract
The first model to predict chloride ingress into concrete was presented by Collepardi in 1970, in Italian! That model was used for some 20 years for design of concrete structures before it was realized that the main parameter, the apparent chloride diffusion coefficient, is not a material property! Since then the Collepardi model has been significantly improved and developed into more or less sophisticated probabilistic models. Today we have numerous models for predicting chloride ingress but all of them have serious limitations that restrict the present use for long term predictions.

The paper describes the history of developing chloride ingress models. An overview is given of the fundamental differences between various models,... (More)
The first model to predict chloride ingress into concrete was presented by Collepardi in 1970, in Italian! That model was used for some 20 years for design of concrete structures before it was realized that the main parameter, the apparent chloride diffusion coefficient, is not a material property! Since then the Collepardi model has been significantly improved and developed into more or less sophisticated probabilistic models. Today we have numerous models for predicting chloride ingress but all of them have serious limitations that restrict the present use for long term predictions.

The paper describes the history of developing chloride ingress models. An overview is given of the fundamental differences between various models, from those based on Fick’s 2nd law and constant or time-dependent diffusion coefficients and surface chloride contents to those based on chloride transport equations with or without a multi-species approach.

The three main limitations are shown to be the lack of understanding the time-dependency of the apparent chloride diffusion coefficients, and the lack of good long-term data, the chloride content increase with time close to the exposed surface and the difficulties in quantifying the boundary conditions for sophisticated ingress models. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
chloride, ingress, models, flux, binding, interaction
in
International Journal of Modeling, Identification and Control
volume
7
issue
2
pages
129 - 134
publisher
Inderscience
external identifiers
  • scopus:67749127908
ISSN
1746-6180
DOI
10.1504/IJMIC.2009.027065
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f29df9ca-510f-4d8f-a0ca-e02dfe4d0683 (old id 1481912)
date added to LUP
2009-09-29 14:27:17
date last changed
2017-01-01 05:14:47
@article{f29df9ca-510f-4d8f-a0ca-e02dfe4d0683,
  abstract     = {The first model to predict chloride ingress into concrete was presented by Collepardi in 1970, in Italian! That model was used for some 20 years for design of concrete structures before it was realized that the main parameter, the apparent chloride diffusion coefficient, is not a material property! Since then the Collepardi model has been significantly improved and developed into more or less sophisticated probabilistic models. Today we have numerous models for predicting chloride ingress but all of them have serious limitations that restrict the present use for long term predictions.<br/><br>
The paper describes the history of developing chloride ingress models. An overview is given of the fundamental differences between various models, from those based on Fick’s 2nd law and constant or time-dependent diffusion coefficients and surface chloride contents to those based on chloride transport equations with or without a multi-species approach. <br/><br>
The three main limitations are shown to be the lack of understanding the time-dependency of the apparent chloride diffusion coefficients, and the lack of good long-term data, the chloride content increase with time close to the exposed surface and the difficulties in quantifying the boundary conditions for sophisticated ingress models.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Lars-Olof},
  issn         = {1746-6180},
  keyword      = {chloride,ingress,models,flux,binding,interaction},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {129--134},
  publisher    = {Inderscience},
  series       = {International Journal of Modeling, Identification and Control},
  title        = {Models for chloride ingress into concrete – from Collepardi to today},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJMIC.2009.027065},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2009},
}