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Emotional tone in young adolescents’ interpersonal relations and its association with deliberate self-harm.

Lundh, Lars-Gunnar LU ; Wångby, Margit LU and Ulander, Jenny (2009) In Interpersona 3(Suppl. 1). p.111-138
Abstract
Previous research has shown that a less positive emotional tone in adolescents’ relationships to parents, but not in their relationships to peers, predicts more of behaviour problems and substance use. The purpose of the present study was to replicate these findings, and to extend this research to deliberate self-harm. In a first study with a variable-oriented approach, correlations were analysed between emotional tone in close relationships and a number of behaviour problems. The main results showed that deliberate self-harm among girls, as well as conduct problems, hyperactivity, aggressive behaviour, and the use of alcohol, were more strongly associated with poor emotional relations to their parents than with poor emotional relations to... (More)
Previous research has shown that a less positive emotional tone in adolescents’ relationships to parents, but not in their relationships to peers, predicts more of behaviour problems and substance use. The purpose of the present study was to replicate these findings, and to extend this research to deliberate self-harm. In a first study with a variable-oriented approach, correlations were analysed between emotional tone in close relationships and a number of behaviour problems. The main results showed that deliberate self-harm among girls, as well as conduct problems, hyperactivity, aggressive behaviour, and the use of alcohol, were more strongly associated with poor emotional relations to their parents than with poor emotional relations to friends. In a second study, a person-oriented approach was used to investigate girls’ profiles of emotional tone in close relationships by means of cluster analysis, and to compare the clusters on measures of deliberate self-harm. The analysis led to the identification of five clusters; of these, deliberate self-harm was most frequent in a cluster of girls who reported poor emotional relations to parents in combination with good emotional relations to friends. Self-harm was also frequent in a cluster of girls characterized by poor emotional relations to both parents and friends. The results are discussed in terms of good emotional relations to friends not necessarily serving as a protective factor against emotional and behavioural problems, and the methodological value of a person-oriented approach as a complement to a traditional variable-oriented approach. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
behaviour problems, person-oriented approach, close relationships, deliberate self-harm, adolescents, Emotional tone
in
Interpersona
volume
3
issue
Suppl. 1
pages
111 - 138
publisher
International Center for Interpersonal Relationship Research
ISSN
1981-6472
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
39cb03b1-0de7-4af9-9192-2deab163069d (old id 1482804)
date added to LUP
2009-10-01 08:47:21
date last changed
2016-04-15 21:58:49
@article{39cb03b1-0de7-4af9-9192-2deab163069d,
  abstract     = {Previous research has shown that a less positive emotional tone in adolescents’ relationships to parents, but not in their relationships to peers, predicts more of behaviour problems and substance use. The purpose of the present study was to replicate these findings, and to extend this research to deliberate self-harm. In a first study with a variable-oriented approach, correlations were analysed between emotional tone in close relationships and a number of behaviour problems. The main results showed that deliberate self-harm among girls, as well as conduct problems, hyperactivity, aggressive behaviour, and the use of alcohol, were more strongly associated with poor emotional relations to their parents than with poor emotional relations to friends. In a second study, a person-oriented approach was used to investigate girls’ profiles of emotional tone in close relationships by means of cluster analysis, and to compare the clusters on measures of deliberate self-harm. The analysis led to the identification of five clusters; of these, deliberate self-harm was most frequent in a cluster of girls who reported poor emotional relations to parents in combination with good emotional relations to friends. Self-harm was also frequent in a cluster of girls characterized by poor emotional relations to both parents and friends. The results are discussed in terms of good emotional relations to friends not necessarily serving as a protective factor against emotional and behavioural problems, and the methodological value of a person-oriented approach as a complement to a traditional variable-oriented approach.},
  author       = {Lundh, Lars-Gunnar and Wångby, Margit and Ulander, Jenny},
  issn         = {1981-6472},
  keyword      = {behaviour problems,person-oriented approach,close relationships,deliberate self-harm,adolescents,Emotional tone},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {Suppl. 1},
  pages        = {111--138},
  publisher    = {International Center for Interpersonal Relationship Research},
  series       = {Interpersona},
  title        = {Emotional tone in young adolescents’ interpersonal relations and its association with deliberate self-harm.},
  volume       = {3},
  year         = {2009},
}