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Psychosocial work conditions, unemployment and self-reported psychological health: a population-based study.

Lindström, Martin LU (2005) In Occupational Medicine 55(7). p.568-571
Abstract
Aim To investigate the association between psychosocial conditions at work, unemployment and self-reported psychological health.



Methods A cross-sectional postal questionnaire for the 2000 public health survey in Scania was administered to both working and unemployed people aged 18–64 years. Logistic regression models were used to investigate the association between psychosocial factors at work/unemployment and self-reported psychological health (General Health Questionnaire 12). Psychosocial conditions at work were classified according to the Karasek–Theorell demand–control/decision latitudes into relaxed, active, passive and job strain. The multivariate analyses included age, country of origin, education, economic... (More)
Aim To investigate the association between psychosocial conditions at work, unemployment and self-reported psychological health.



Methods A cross-sectional postal questionnaire for the 2000 public health survey in Scania was administered to both working and unemployed people aged 18–64 years. Logistic regression models were used to investigate the association between psychosocial factors at work/unemployment and self-reported psychological health (General Health Questionnaire 12). Psychosocial conditions at work were classified according to the Karasek–Theorell demand–control/decision latitudes into relaxed, active, passive and job strain. The multivariate analyses included age, country of origin, education, economic stress and social participation.



Results A total of 5180 people returned their questionnaire, giving a participation rate of 59%. Fifteen per cent of men and 20% of women reported poor psychological health. Those with high demands and high control (active category), those with high demands and low control (job strain category) and the unemployed had significantly higher odds ratios of poor psychological health compared to those with low demands and high control (relaxed category). Those with low demands and low control (passive category) did not differ significantly from the relaxed category. The associations remained in the multivariate analyses.



Conclusions The study found that certain psychosocial work factors are associated with higher levels of self-reported psychological ill-health and illustrates the great importance of psychosocial conditions in determining psychological health at the population level. As found elsewhere, being unemployed was an even stronger predictor of psychological ill-health. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
self-reported psychological health, psychosocial conditions at work, social participation, Economic stress
in
Occupational Medicine
volume
55
issue
7
pages
568 - 571
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • pmid:16251376
  • wos:000233431800012
  • scopus:28044438893
ISSN
0962-7480
DOI
10.1093/occmed/kqi122
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c8fe632c-3f18-411a-b5b8-3d814427bb58 (old id 148325)
date added to LUP
2007-07-24 14:07:21
date last changed
2017-09-24 03:45:48
@article{c8fe632c-3f18-411a-b5b8-3d814427bb58,
  abstract     = {Aim To investigate the association between psychosocial conditions at work, unemployment and self-reported psychological health.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Methods A cross-sectional postal questionnaire for the 2000 public health survey in Scania was administered to both working and unemployed people aged 18–64 years. Logistic regression models were used to investigate the association between psychosocial factors at work/unemployment and self-reported psychological health (General Health Questionnaire 12). Psychosocial conditions at work were classified according to the Karasek–Theorell demand–control/decision latitudes into relaxed, active, passive and job strain. The multivariate analyses included age, country of origin, education, economic stress and social participation.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Results A total of 5180 people returned their questionnaire, giving a participation rate of 59%. Fifteen per cent of men and 20% of women reported poor psychological health. Those with high demands and high control (active category), those with high demands and low control (job strain category) and the unemployed had significantly higher odds ratios of poor psychological health compared to those with low demands and high control (relaxed category). Those with low demands and low control (passive category) did not differ significantly from the relaxed category. The associations remained in the multivariate analyses.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
Conclusions The study found that certain psychosocial work factors are associated with higher levels of self-reported psychological ill-health and illustrates the great importance of psychosocial conditions in determining psychological health at the population level. As found elsewhere, being unemployed was an even stronger predictor of psychological ill-health.},
  author       = {Lindström, Martin},
  issn         = {0962-7480},
  keyword      = {self-reported psychological health,psychosocial conditions at work,social participation,Economic stress},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {7},
  pages        = {568--571},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {Occupational Medicine},
  title        = {Psychosocial work conditions, unemployment and self-reported psychological health: a population-based study.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqi122},
  volume       = {55},
  year         = {2005},
}