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Reconstructing the origin of language families and variation

Carling, Gerd LU ; Cathcart, Chundra LU and Round, Erich (2017) In Oxford Handbooks
Abstract (Swedish)
The chapter looks at language variation and change, and the correlation of these processes to language reconstruction and classification. The chapter gives an overview of theories, models, methods and data, describing how diversity and variation is modelled and measured for reconstruction and classification within traditional comparative and statistical, evolutionary or phylogenetic methods. First, the chapter identifies the basic principles of language change and the way in which these differ within various subdomains of language. A second part delves around the outcome of change, describing the diverse result of sound change, lexical change, and typological/ morphosyntactic change. Here, important aspects include the inherent propensity... (More)
The chapter looks at language variation and change, and the correlation of these processes to language reconstruction and classification. The chapter gives an overview of theories, models, methods and data, describing how diversity and variation is modelled and measured for reconstruction and classification within traditional comparative and statistical, evolutionary or phylogenetic methods. First, the chapter identifies the basic principles of language change and the way in which these differ within various subdomains of language. A second part delves around the outcome of change, describing the diverse result of sound change, lexical change, and typological/ morphosyntactic change. Here, important aspects include the inherent propensity of change, the role of arbitrariness, the role of systems, horizontal transfer, and the outcome of change at macro-levels. Finally, the chapter deals with the issue of the ontological status of the reconstruction, and how various theoretical approaches may affect the interpretation of results. The chapter reviews results and controversies arising from current research. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
submitted
subject
in
Oxford Handbooks
editor
Sinha, Chris; Lock, Andy; Gontier, Nathalie; ; and
publisher
Oxford University Press
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
149200d9-35d3-4094-8660-882d50085af3
date added to LUP
2017-11-17 09:55:33
date last changed
2017-11-17 13:12:58
@inbook{149200d9-35d3-4094-8660-882d50085af3,
  abstract     = {The chapter looks at language variation and change, and the correlation of these processes to language reconstruction and classification. The chapter gives an overview of theories, models, methods and data, describing how diversity and variation is modelled and measured for reconstruction and classification within traditional comparative and statistical, evolutionary or phylogenetic methods. First, the chapter identifies the basic principles of language change and the way in which these differ within various subdomains of language. A second part delves around the outcome of change, describing the diverse result of sound change, lexical change, and typological/ morphosyntactic change. Here, important aspects include the inherent propensity of change, the role of arbitrariness, the role of systems, horizontal transfer, and the outcome of change at macro-levels. Finally, the chapter deals with the issue of the ontological status of the reconstruction, and how various theoretical approaches may affect the interpretation of results. The chapter reviews results and controversies arising from current research.},
  author       = {Carling, Gerd and Cathcart, Chundra and Round, Erich},
  editor       = {Sinha, Chris and Lock, Andy and Gontier, Nathalie},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Oxford University Press},
  series       = {Oxford Handbooks},
  title        = {Reconstructing the origin of language families and variation},
  year         = {2017},
}