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Inferential ability in children with cerebral palsy, spina bifida and pragmatic language impairment.

Holck, Pernille LU ; Dahlgren Sandberg, Annika LU and Nettelbladt, Ulrika LU (2010) In Research in Developmental Disabilities 31. p.140-150
Abstract
The aim of the study was to investigate and compare the ability to make inferences in three groups of children ranging from 5;2 to 10;9 years: 10 children with cerebral palsy (CP), 10 children with spina bifida and hydrocephalus (SBH) and 10 children with pragmatic language impairment (PLI). The relationship between inferential and literal comprehension was investigated by analysing atypical responses. For this analysis an analytic framework was developed. The PLI group performed significantly worse on inferential questions than the CP group. It was only in the PLI group that problems with inferential questions exceeded the problems with literal questions, and the CP group even performed significantly better in this condition. Inferential... (More)
The aim of the study was to investigate and compare the ability to make inferences in three groups of children ranging from 5;2 to 10;9 years: 10 children with cerebral palsy (CP), 10 children with spina bifida and hydrocephalus (SBH) and 10 children with pragmatic language impairment (PLI). The relationship between inferential and literal comprehension was investigated by analysing atypical responses. For this analysis an analytic framework was developed. The PLI group performed significantly worse on inferential questions than the CP group. It was only in the PLI group that problems with inferential questions exceeded the problems with literal questions, and the CP group even performed significantly better in this condition. Inferential comprehension was found to be related to language comprehension in the CP group, but was more related to the ability to predict future developments in the SBH- and PLI-groups. The PLI group relied more on world knowledge and associations than on text-related factors when delivering an atypical response compared to the CP group. The analysis of atypical responses proved to be a promising tool for the planning of an adequate intervention. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Research in Developmental Disabilities
volume
31
pages
140 - 150
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • wos:000272272500014
  • pmid:19800759
  • scopus:70350710014
ISSN
1873-3379
DOI
10.1016/j.ridd.2009.08.008
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
6eb18379-a913-4f34-9a0d-fba475d98b2a (old id 1500728)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19800759?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-11-04 13:04:11
date last changed
2018-05-29 09:24:35
@article{6eb18379-a913-4f34-9a0d-fba475d98b2a,
  abstract     = {The aim of the study was to investigate and compare the ability to make inferences in three groups of children ranging from 5;2 to 10;9 years: 10 children with cerebral palsy (CP), 10 children with spina bifida and hydrocephalus (SBH) and 10 children with pragmatic language impairment (PLI). The relationship between inferential and literal comprehension was investigated by analysing atypical responses. For this analysis an analytic framework was developed. The PLI group performed significantly worse on inferential questions than the CP group. It was only in the PLI group that problems with inferential questions exceeded the problems with literal questions, and the CP group even performed significantly better in this condition. Inferential comprehension was found to be related to language comprehension in the CP group, but was more related to the ability to predict future developments in the SBH- and PLI-groups. The PLI group relied more on world knowledge and associations than on text-related factors when delivering an atypical response compared to the CP group. The analysis of atypical responses proved to be a promising tool for the planning of an adequate intervention.},
  author       = {Holck, Pernille and Dahlgren Sandberg, Annika and Nettelbladt, Ulrika},
  issn         = {1873-3379},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {140--150},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Research in Developmental Disabilities},
  title        = {Inferential ability in children with cerebral palsy, spina bifida and pragmatic language impairment.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2009.08.008},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2010},
}