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Parents' worried state of mind when fetal ultrasound shows an unexpected finding: a comparative study.

Larsson, Anna-Karin LU ; Crang Svalenius, Elizabeth LU ; Marsal, Karel LU ; Ekelin, Maria LU ; Nyberg, Per LU and Dykes, Anna-Karin LU (2009) In Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 28(12). p.1663-1670
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: Most parents yearn for a second-trimester ultrasound examination and feel excitement about it, but some also worry about what the examination will show. According to prior research, using only generic instruments or specific questionnaires, anxiety decreases when the ultrasound findings are normal. The aim of this study was to compare parents' worry (Parents' Expectations, Experiences, and Reactions to Ultrasound [PEER-U] State of Mind Index) and sense of coherence before and after a routine second-trimester ultrasound examination when it showed normal or abnormal findings. METHODS: A 1-year cohort study was performed at a Swedish university hospital. A total of 2049 parents who had their second-trimester ultrasound examinations... (More)
OBJECTIVE: Most parents yearn for a second-trimester ultrasound examination and feel excitement about it, but some also worry about what the examination will show. According to prior research, using only generic instruments or specific questionnaires, anxiety decreases when the ultrasound findings are normal. The aim of this study was to compare parents' worry (Parents' Expectations, Experiences, and Reactions to Ultrasound [PEER-U] State of Mind Index) and sense of coherence before and after a routine second-trimester ultrasound examination when it showed normal or abnormal findings. METHODS: A 1-year cohort study was performed at a Swedish university hospital. A total of 2049 parents who had their second-trimester ultrasound examinations there filled in a questionnaire consisting of 2 parts before and after the examinations. RESULTS: Parents with normal ultrasound findings were less worried than parents with abnormal findings. The group with normal findings also showed less worry after the examination than before. A sex analysis showed similar patterns. CONCLUSIONS: Parents with abnormal ultrasound findings are more worried and anxious. The new instrument, the PEER-U State of Mind Index, not only measures parents' worry but can also expose what influences their ultrasound examination experience. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine
volume
28
issue
12
pages
1663 - 1670
publisher
American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
external identifiers
  • wos:000272375100010
  • pmid:19933480
  • scopus:74749093823
ISSN
1550-9613
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9a34a0cd-066f-4e08-99f5-bd7be3251e45 (old id 1511618)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19933480?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2009-12-07 11:08:47
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:28:46
@article{9a34a0cd-066f-4e08-99f5-bd7be3251e45,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE: Most parents yearn for a second-trimester ultrasound examination and feel excitement about it, but some also worry about what the examination will show. According to prior research, using only generic instruments or specific questionnaires, anxiety decreases when the ultrasound findings are normal. The aim of this study was to compare parents' worry (Parents' Expectations, Experiences, and Reactions to Ultrasound [PEER-U] State of Mind Index) and sense of coherence before and after a routine second-trimester ultrasound examination when it showed normal or abnormal findings. METHODS: A 1-year cohort study was performed at a Swedish university hospital. A total of 2049 parents who had their second-trimester ultrasound examinations there filled in a questionnaire consisting of 2 parts before and after the examinations. RESULTS: Parents with normal ultrasound findings were less worried than parents with abnormal findings. The group with normal findings also showed less worry after the examination than before. A sex analysis showed similar patterns. CONCLUSIONS: Parents with abnormal ultrasound findings are more worried and anxious. The new instrument, the PEER-U State of Mind Index, not only measures parents' worry but can also expose what influences their ultrasound examination experience.},
  author       = {Larsson, Anna-Karin and Crang Svalenius, Elizabeth and Marsal, Karel and Ekelin, Maria and Nyberg, Per and Dykes, Anna-Karin},
  issn         = {1550-9613},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {1663--1670},
  publisher    = {American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine},
  series       = {Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine},
  title        = {Parents' worried state of mind when fetal ultrasound shows an unexpected finding: a comparative study.},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2009},
}