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Secretion and Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4-Mediated Metabolism of Incretin Hormones after a Mixed Meal or Glucose Ingestion in Obese Compared to Lean, Nondiabetic Men.

Carr, Richard D; Larsen, Marianne O; Jelic, Katarina; Lindgren, Ola LU ; Vikman, Jenny LU ; Holst, Jens J; Deacon, Carolyn F and Ahrén, Bo LU (2010) In The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism 95. p.872-878
Abstract
Context: Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) are cleaved by dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4); plasma activity of DPP-4 may be increased in obesity. The impact of this increase on incretin hormone secretion and metabolism is not known. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess incretin hormone secretion and degradation in lean and obese nondiabetic subjects. Design, Settings, and Participants: We studied the ingestion of a mixed meal (560 kcal) or oral glucose (2 g/kg) in healthy lean (n = 12; body mass index, 20-25 kg/m(2)) or obese (n = 13; body mass index, 30-35 kg/m(2)) males at a University Clinical Research Unit. Main Outcome Measures: We measured the area under the curve of plasma... (More)
Context: Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) are cleaved by dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4); plasma activity of DPP-4 may be increased in obesity. The impact of this increase on incretin hormone secretion and metabolism is not known. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess incretin hormone secretion and degradation in lean and obese nondiabetic subjects. Design, Settings, and Participants: We studied the ingestion of a mixed meal (560 kcal) or oral glucose (2 g/kg) in healthy lean (n = 12; body mass index, 20-25 kg/m(2)) or obese (n = 13; body mass index, 30-35 kg/m(2)) males at a University Clinical Research Unit. Main Outcome Measures: We measured the area under the curve of plasma intact (i) and total (t) GIP and GLP-1 after meal ingestion and oral glucose. Results: Plasma DPP-4 activity was higher in the obese subjects (38.5 +/- 3.0 vs. 26.7 +/- 1.6 mmol/min . mul; P = 0.002). Although GIP secretion (AUCtGIP) was not reduced in obese subjects after meal ingestion or oral glucose, AUCiGIP was lower in obese subjects (8.5 +/- 0.6 vs. 12.7 +/- 0.9 nmol/liter x 300 min; P < 0.001) after meal ingestion. GLP-1 secretion (AUCtGLP-1) was reduced in obese subjects after both meal ingestion (7.3 +/- 0.9 vs. 10.0 +/- 0.6 nmol/liter x 300 min; P = 0.022) and oral glucose (6.6 +/- 0.8 vs. 9.6 +/- 1.1 nmol/liter x 180 min; P = 0.035). iGLP-1 was reduced in parallel to tGLP-1. Conclusions: 1) Release and degradation of the two incretin hormones show dissociated changes in obesity: GLP-1 but not GIP secretion is lower after meal ingestion and oral glucose, whereas GIP but not GLP-1 metabolism is increased after meal ingestion. 2) Increased plasma DPP-4 activity in obesity is not associated with a generalized augmented incretin hormone metabolism. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
volume
95
pages
872 - 878
publisher
The Endocrine Society
external identifiers
  • wos:000274298200052
  • pmid:20008019
  • scopus:76149140857
ISSN
1945-7197
DOI
10.1210/jc.2009-2054
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c0209e61-f840-45f9-8faf-0c4ffcb142d9 (old id 1523610)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20008019?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2010-01-14 13:39:57
date last changed
2017-09-03 04:56:45
@article{c0209e61-f840-45f9-8faf-0c4ffcb142d9,
  abstract     = {Context: Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) are cleaved by dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4); plasma activity of DPP-4 may be increased in obesity. The impact of this increase on incretin hormone secretion and metabolism is not known. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess incretin hormone secretion and degradation in lean and obese nondiabetic subjects. Design, Settings, and Participants: We studied the ingestion of a mixed meal (560 kcal) or oral glucose (2 g/kg) in healthy lean (n = 12; body mass index, 20-25 kg/m(2)) or obese (n = 13; body mass index, 30-35 kg/m(2)) males at a University Clinical Research Unit. Main Outcome Measures: We measured the area under the curve of plasma intact (i) and total (t) GIP and GLP-1 after meal ingestion and oral glucose. Results: Plasma DPP-4 activity was higher in the obese subjects (38.5 +/- 3.0 vs. 26.7 +/- 1.6 mmol/min . mul; P = 0.002). Although GIP secretion (AUCtGIP) was not reduced in obese subjects after meal ingestion or oral glucose, AUCiGIP was lower in obese subjects (8.5 +/- 0.6 vs. 12.7 +/- 0.9 nmol/liter x 300 min; P &lt; 0.001) after meal ingestion. GLP-1 secretion (AUCtGLP-1) was reduced in obese subjects after both meal ingestion (7.3 +/- 0.9 vs. 10.0 +/- 0.6 nmol/liter x 300 min; P = 0.022) and oral glucose (6.6 +/- 0.8 vs. 9.6 +/- 1.1 nmol/liter x 180 min; P = 0.035). iGLP-1 was reduced in parallel to tGLP-1. Conclusions: 1) Release and degradation of the two incretin hormones show dissociated changes in obesity: GLP-1 but not GIP secretion is lower after meal ingestion and oral glucose, whereas GIP but not GLP-1 metabolism is increased after meal ingestion. 2) Increased plasma DPP-4 activity in obesity is not associated with a generalized augmented incretin hormone metabolism.},
  author       = {Carr, Richard D and Larsen, Marianne O and Jelic, Katarina and Lindgren, Ola and Vikman, Jenny and Holst, Jens J and Deacon, Carolyn F and Ahrén, Bo},
  issn         = {1945-7197},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {872--878},
  publisher    = {The Endocrine Society},
  series       = {The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism},
  title        = {Secretion and Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4-Mediated Metabolism of Incretin Hormones after a Mixed Meal or Glucose Ingestion in Obese Compared to Lean, Nondiabetic Men.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2009-2054},
  volume       = {95},
  year         = {2010},
}