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Polymorphism in the oxytocin promoter region in patients with lactase non-persistence is not related to symptoms.

Truedsson, Mikael LU ; Carlson, Joyce LU ; Simrén, Magnus and Ohlsson, Bodil LU (2009) In BMC Gastroenterology 9(Nov 30).
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Oxytocin and the oxytocin receptor have been demonstrated in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and have been shown to exert physiological effects on gut motility. The role for oxytocin in the pathophysiology of GI complaints is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine genetic variations or polymorphism of oxytocin (OXT) and its receptor (OXTR) genes in patients with GI complaints without visible organic abnormalities. METHODS: Genetic variants in the OXT promoter region, and in the OXTR gene in DNA samples from 131 rigorously evaluated patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), 408 homozygous subjects referred for lactase (LCT-13910 C>T, rs4988235) genotyping, and 299 asymptomatic blood donors were compared. One... (More)
BACKGROUND: Oxytocin and the oxytocin receptor have been demonstrated in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and have been shown to exert physiological effects on gut motility. The role for oxytocin in the pathophysiology of GI complaints is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine genetic variations or polymorphism of oxytocin (OXT) and its receptor (OXTR) genes in patients with GI complaints without visible organic abnormalities. METHODS: Genetic variants in the OXT promoter region, and in the OXTR gene in DNA samples from 131 rigorously evaluated patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), 408 homozygous subjects referred for lactase (LCT-13910 C>T, rs4988235) genotyping, and 299 asymptomatic blood donors were compared. One polymorphism related to the OXT gene (rs6133010 A>G) and 4 related to the OXTR gene (rs1465386 G>T, rs3806675 G>A, rs968389 A>G, rs1042778 G>T) were selected for genotyping using Applied Biosystems 7900 HT allele discrimination assays. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in the genotype or allele frequencies in any of the SNPs when IBS patients were compared to healthy controls. Among subjects referred for lactase genotyping, the rs6133010 A>G OXT promoter A/G genotype tended to be more common in the 154 non-persistent (27.3%) subjects than in the 254 lactase persistant (18.1%) subjects and in the healthy controls (19.4%) (p = 0.08). When direct comparing, the A/G genotype was less common in the OXT promoter region in controls (p = 0.09) and in subjects with lactase persistence (p = 0.03) compared to subjects with lactase non-persistence. When healthy controls were viewed according to their own LCT-13910 genotypes, the C/C lactase non-persistent controls had a higher frequency for the OXT promoter A/G genotype than LCT-13910 T/T lactase persistent controls (41.2% vs 13.1%).No significant differences in frequencies of the investigated OXTR SNPs were noted in this study. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that polymorphism in the promoter region of the OXT gene is most common in subjects with lactase non-persistence. This polymorphism may not be related to GI symptoms, as it is related to lactase non-persistence also in healthy controls. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
BMC Gastroenterology
volume
9
issue
Nov 30
publisher
BMC Biomedical Centre, Lund University
external identifiers
  • WOS:000272784300001
  • PMID:19943975
  • Scopus:71949118414
ISSN
1471-230X
DOI
10.1186/1471-230X-9-90
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
4ff214c5-20a0-4d6f-8cb6-e0fdf01bf9c0 (old id 1524203)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19943975?dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2010-01-07 16:04:01
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:49:42
@article{4ff214c5-20a0-4d6f-8cb6-e0fdf01bf9c0,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Oxytocin and the oxytocin receptor have been demonstrated in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and have been shown to exert physiological effects on gut motility. The role for oxytocin in the pathophysiology of GI complaints is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine genetic variations or polymorphism of oxytocin (OXT) and its receptor (OXTR) genes in patients with GI complaints without visible organic abnormalities. METHODS: Genetic variants in the OXT promoter region, and in the OXTR gene in DNA samples from 131 rigorously evaluated patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), 408 homozygous subjects referred for lactase (LCT-13910 C>T, rs4988235) genotyping, and 299 asymptomatic blood donors were compared. One polymorphism related to the OXT gene (rs6133010 A>G) and 4 related to the OXTR gene (rs1465386 G>T, rs3806675 G>A, rs968389 A>G, rs1042778 G>T) were selected for genotyping using Applied Biosystems 7900 HT allele discrimination assays. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in the genotype or allele frequencies in any of the SNPs when IBS patients were compared to healthy controls. Among subjects referred for lactase genotyping, the rs6133010 A>G OXT promoter A/G genotype tended to be more common in the 154 non-persistent (27.3%) subjects than in the 254 lactase persistant (18.1%) subjects and in the healthy controls (19.4%) (p = 0.08). When direct comparing, the A/G genotype was less common in the OXT promoter region in controls (p = 0.09) and in subjects with lactase persistence (p = 0.03) compared to subjects with lactase non-persistence. When healthy controls were viewed according to their own LCT-13910 genotypes, the C/C lactase non-persistent controls had a higher frequency for the OXT promoter A/G genotype than LCT-13910 T/T lactase persistent controls (41.2% vs 13.1%).No significant differences in frequencies of the investigated OXTR SNPs were noted in this study. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that polymorphism in the promoter region of the OXT gene is most common in subjects with lactase non-persistence. This polymorphism may not be related to GI symptoms, as it is related to lactase non-persistence also in healthy controls.},
  articleno    = {90},
  author       = {Truedsson, Mikael and Carlson, Joyce and Simrén, Magnus and Ohlsson, Bodil},
  issn         = {1471-230X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {Nov 30},
  publisher    = {BMC Biomedical Centre, Lund University},
  series       = {BMC Gastroenterology},
  title        = {Polymorphism in the oxytocin promoter region in patients with lactase non-persistence is not related to symptoms.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-230X-9-90},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2009},
}